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  1. CONFESSIONS OF A CDM PROJECT DEVELOPER  Surrey University 16th December 2010 Images: Araquém Alcântara Futuro para o meio ambiente

  2. CDM – Whatandwhere is it? CDM – Thebasicprocess CDM andBrazil Sugar Canea Case Study Final thoughts

  3. CDM – Whatandwhere is it? CDM – Thebasicprocess CDM andBrazil Sugar CaneCase Study Final thoughts

  4. What is the clean development mechanism? The CDM allows emission-reduction projects in developing countries to earn certified emission reduction (CER) credits, each equivalent to one tonne of CO2. These CERs can be traded and sold, and used by industrialized countries to meet part of their emission reduction targets under the Kyoto Protocol. The mechanism stimulates sustainable development and emission reductions, while giving industrialized countries some flexibility in how they meet their emission reduction limitation targets. http://cdm.unfccc.int/about/index.html

  5. www.elementmarkets.com

  6. FirstStage: MeasurePollutants Calculatetypeandquantityofemissions

  7. THE CAP Establishthereductiontarget

  8. PERMITS

  9. PERMITS

  10. THE TRADE

  11. OFFSETS

  12. Emissions Trading Kyoto Mechanisms EMISSIONS TRADING 105.000 tCO2e - 10.000tCO2e JOINT IMPLEMENTATION CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM 2009

  13. CER Clean Development Mechanism Company Non-Annex Company1 2009 100.000 tCO2e 1,050,000 tCO2e 950.000 EUA ANNEX 1 NON ANNEX 1

  14. CDM – Whatandwhere is it? CDM – Thebasicprocess CDM andBrazil Sugar CaneCase Study Final thoughts

  15. Greenhouse gases and Global Warming Potential

  16. CDM Project Cycle Consultant/ Project Developer LetterofApproval SD Contribution CDM Registration PDD - Project Design Document Baseline, Additonality Validation PDD Audited DOE DNA UNFCCC EmissionsofCERs OperationandMonitoring Verification MoniteredInformationAudited Repeatedduringthecreditedperiod UNFCCC Consultant/ Project Developer DOE http://cdm.unfccc.int/Projects/diagram.html

  17. BaselineandAdditionality CO2 Emissions Baseline Scenario of CO2 Emissions Reduction CO2 in Emissions Actual Monitored Project emissions Years Additionality: Prove that the revenues from the Carbon Credits are essential to the feasibility of the project. Barrier - Financial, Technology, Common Practice etc

  18. CDM – Whatandwhere is it? CDM – Thebasicprocess CDM andBrazil Sugar CaneCase Study Final thoughts

  19. Current status of the projects in the Brazilian Designated National Authority - DNA

  20. CDM – Whatandwhere is it? CDM – Thebasicprocess CDM andBrazil Sugar CaneCase Study Final thoughts

  21. Brazilian Sugar CaneIndustry Ethanol as a Fuel: 30-year-old ethanol fuel program Since July 1, 2007 the mandatory blend is 25% of anhydrous ethanol and 75% gasoline Flex-fuel cars- 92.3% share of all new light vehicles in 2009 50% market share of the gasoline-powered fleet by February 2008 Bagasse as an energy source: 420 registered sugar and ethanol plants in Brazil - has 268 registered thermoelectric stations that utilize bagasse from sugar cane as a primary energy source, installed capacity of 3,832MW 1997 Sugar Cane processing units within Brazil were unable to export surplus energy to the grid Over 25 CDM projects registered between April 2006 and June 2007

  22. BaselineandAdditionality CO2 Emissions Baseline Scenario of CO2 Emissions Reduction CO2 in Emissions Actual Monitored Project emissions Years

  23. BaselineandAdditionality CO2 Emissions Baseline Scenario of CO2 Emissions Reduction CO2 in Emissions Actual Monitored Project emissions Years Additionality: Prove that the revenues from the Carbon Credits are essential to the feasibility of the project. Barrier - Financial, Technology, Common Practice etc

  24. STEP ONE - Withinthe Law Vs.

  25. STEP TWO- BarrierAnalysis

  26. STEP THREE – InvestmentAnalysis INVESTMENT OF US$70million dollars - Are the CER revenuesessential to thedevelomentoftheproject?

  27. STEP THREE – InvestmentAnalysis Does theCompany Business Planlookthesame?

  28. STEP FOUR – CommonPractise NATIONAL: Sugar Cane processing units within Brazil were unable to export surplus energy to the grid up until 1997 Ministry of Agriculture - 420 registered sugar and ethanol plants in Brazil. ANEEL has 268 registered thermoelectric stations that utilize bagasse from sugar cane as a primary energy source, installed capacity of 3,832MW. BUT of the units generating energy 11% only export to the grid. Potential - 75% of Brazilian bagasse (146 millions tones) for energy production in 65 bar pressure boilers, the national potential would be 8,375MW

  29. STEP FOUR – CommonPractise LOCAL: Globally?

  30. Registration DO YOU CONSIDER THE PROJECT ADDITIONAL? Vs.

  31. CDM Project Cycle Consultant/ Project Developer LetterofApproval SD Contribution CDM Registration PDD - Project Design Document Baseline, Additonality Validation PDD Audited DOE DNA UNFCCC EmissionsofCERs OperationandMonitoring Verification MoniteredInformationAudited Repeatedduringthecreditedperiod UNFCCC Consultant/ Project Developer DOE http://cdm.unfccc.int/Projects/diagram.html

  32. CDM – Whatandwhere is it? CDM – Thebasicprocess CDM andBrazil Sugar CaneCase Study Final Thoughts

  33. Final Thoughts – Scaling Up Lack of Demand and Clarity (post 2012) Overly Bureaucratic - project based (2 years, tools etc) Solution? - PoAs, Standardised baselines, NAMAs Sustainable Development vs. Carbon Reductions Delivering Solutions within the present financial systems

  34. Timothy Cowman Geoklock - SoluçõesemCarbono Av. das NaçõesUnidas, 13.797 Bloco 2 – 21° andar 04794-000 São Paulo - Brasil 0055 11 5501 3783 carbono@geoklock.com.br www.geoklock.com.br Uma empresa do Grupo ECOGEO Futuro para o meio ambiente