Systems and Models in Curriculum Development. In this lesson, we will focus on the systems approach to curriculum development. By the end of this lesson, you should be able to select a model that is most appropriate for the setting for which you are designing or evaluating curriculum.
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In this lesson, we will focus on the systems approach to curriculum development. By the end of this lesson, you should be able to select a model that is most appropriate for the setting for which you are designingor evaluatingcurriculum.
May have a hidden agenda due to factors such as:
Let’s take a look at
A system is a collection of elements, interacting with each other to achieve a common goal.
Crunkilton and Finch (1999)
Think about a human resource system at your organization—let’s say, staff development. What would be some of the components of each of these elements? For example, what input would be a part of staff development? Go to the Discussion Board and share your thoughts on these elements.
See page 29 in your text.
A simplified, yet communicable representation of a real-world setting or situation.
May be synonymous with design.
It is an organized way of accomplishing a goal or task.
Let’s look at some systematic curriculum planning models.
This model, formerly the Technology Training System (TTS), is designed to separate training problems from non-training problems.
Highly dependent upon front-end analysis, it is used to decide “Whether management actions, developmental efforts, environmental forces, or some combination of these will affect the change in performance.
See page 30 in your text.
Front-end analysis is a systematic means of seeking solutions to human performance problems while keeping in mind the problem’s definition and characteristics, as well as alternate courses of action.
Designed to provide a systematic means of developing instruction that would ensure the performance capabilities of the learner.
Crunkilton and Finch (1999)
See page 36 in your text.
A set of organized experiences such as programs, courses, and other school-sponsored activities that provide students with exposure to a broad, predominate theme.
Examples may include specific health settings, aerospace, maritime, etc.
See page 38 in your text.
This model was developed by Ralph Tyler to simplify the curriculum development process.
Consists of four primary steps…
This model first appeared in the NASSP Bulletin in 1984 in an article by Zenger and Zenger. It is an inclusive, organized approach that certainly meets the definition of “systematic model.” It is commonly used in the school setting.
The article is not available on the web as a full text article, therefore, I will mail a copy to you.
Identify Curricular Need
Implement New Curriculum
Ten-Step Curriculum Planning Process Model
Develop Goals and Objectives
Design New Curriculum
Identify Resources and Restraints
Select New Curriculum
Organize Curriculum Committees
Identify New Curriculum
Establish Roles of Personnel
Models are useful because they provide guidance and structure. Systems models bring various groups, individuals, information, and activities together to achieve the goal and to provide continuous feedback in order to improve the curriculum.
And that’s it. Be sure to check the website for assignments related to this lesson. Let me know if you have any questions. Use the discussion board to post comments and discuss these issues.