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Battery Storage as future Generation Solution. Igor Aronovich Senior Deputy Operations Manager System Operation IEC. September 18, 2014. Main presentation subjects. IEC electricity system in a Nutshell RES and storage technologies Energy Storage types - current solution survey

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slide1

Battery Storage as future Generation Solution

Igor Aronovich

Senior Deputy Operations Manager

System Operation IEC

September 18, 2014

slide2

Main presentation subjects

  • IEC electricity system in a Nutshell
  • RES and storage technologies
  • Energy Storage types - current solution survey
  • IEC Battery Storage Pilot
  • Prosand Cons
  • Questions
annual peak demand
Annual Peak Demand

Approx. 3%-4% per year

7.6% per year

1990-2015

MW

13,158 MW Forecast Peak Demand in 2015

3 X !

1990-2008 Annual Peak Demand

2010-2015 Forecast Summer Peal Demand

world generation by fuel
World Generation by Fuel

Planned 2010

In the world

USA

Europe

Japan

slide6

IEC Installed Capacity, MW

Haifa

1,020

Orot Rabin

2,590

Reading

428

Eshkol

1,439

Rutenberg

2,250

Kinnerot

80

Alon Tabor

593

Hagit

1,275

Zafit

580

Gezer

1,336

Ramat Hovav

1,020

Eilat 92

Total Installed Capacity: 13,250 MW

in 63 Generation Units

slide7

System Reserve in Israel

6.0

3.3

Reserve in %

slide8

System Loads on 16-17/07/2012

גזר 40

סנכרון

אורות רבין 5

סנכרון

44C

36C

43C

41C

43C

44C

חיפה 30

נפסקה

Heat

rate

חיפה 30

סנכרון

אלון תבור 30

הפסקה

44

42

40

38

Daily System Peak11920 MW

Daily IEC Peak 11120MW

Peak System reserve580 MW

580

310

420

665

1200

Noble shut

Down for

2 hours

19/07

16/07

17/07

18/07

20/07

21/07

slide9

Electricity production by fuel

IEC10950 MW

Demand Response

200 MW

MW

Photovoltaic

1552 MW

Daily Energy 221 GWH

Daily production cost

14.4 million $

Gas oil 7.5% of production

Fuel oil 5.2% of production

753 MW

3632 MW

Gas 35.9% of production

4914 MW

Coal 50.8% of production

Hours

Peak Hours Load

slide12

Noble disturbance 31/7/2011

Noble

Shut down

End of

event

Noble

Is back

22:40

08:45

21:20

Bar

slide13

Chain of events

563

2104

אשכול 3

547

1305

אשכול 10

צפית 2

1577

אשכול 9+6

1170

רידינג 4

רמת חובב 4

+ דוד

חגית 5

+ דוד

גזר 30

4861

4908

אשכול 8

חגית 20

חגית 4 + דוד

אשכול 7

22:08

22:12

21:25

22:27

22:39

22:17

23:47

21:28

21:43

22:39

21:32

22:40

Bar

- Unit Start

- Load reduction

- Shut down

- Fuel transfer completion

21:28

21:28

21:28

21:28

2135

2640

4924

slide14

What might happened?

Transmission constraints

9750 MW

Transmission constraints in case of N-1

9550 MW

Power outages

550

550

550

7.5 hours

5.5 hours

5 hours

System capacity

9850 MW

  • Explanation
  • Outages because of generation lack during 3 days up to 250MW
  • Additional outages because of line overload in Tel Aviv area – 100MW
  • Additional outages in case of N-1 fault in South to Hadera – 200MW
slide16

Israeli Renewables by 2020

4.3%

0.8%

1.3%

0.7%

2.9%

2.9%

Total capacity 27600 MW

Pump and Renewable 3560 MW

3

6

210

6

Source: Israeli Ministry of Energy and Water, 2010

slide21

German Renewables’ Profile

Source: www.verbund.com VERBUND Hydro Power AG/ESK/Dr. Otto Pirker

slide22

Wind fluctuations in German

Source: VERBUND Hydro Power AG/ESK/Dr. Otto Pirker

slide23

ES Technologies life time cost

10 year present worth cost

$/KW

Source:” A Study for the DOE Energy Storage Systems Program”,Sandia National Laboratories

slide27

Storage 2015 forecast

USA

Source:Kema, Market Evaluation for Energy Storage in the United States

slide29

Operations modes/ Categories

* This analysis uses 4 hours unless otherwise noted

** This analysis uses 1 hour unless otherwise noted

*** Some technologies are capable and will be used up to 10,000 cycles/year

Source:” A Study for the DOE Energy Storage Systems Program”,Sandia National Laboratories

slide30

Choice of technologies

Source:” A Study for the DOE Energy Storage Systems Program”,Sandia National Laboratories

smart grid city

Smart Grid

C I T Y

Smart Grid City

Research, Implementation and Testing Of Smart Grid Technologies

for the first Israeli settlement

And at a Demo Center

slide32

Smart City Location

  • Summary and questions
slide33

Main Project Objectives

Storage

Installation

Research

PV, Storage

Integrations

Operations

Customer Solution

Micro Grid

Business Model

Communications,

Interfaces

slide34

Conceptual diagram

Storage – Parallel mode HV

Storage – Parallel mode LV

Storage – Island mode

slide35

Micro Grid Control Concept

Voltage

Power (P,Q)

Frequency

Grid Conditions

Price Signal Opt

Generated Power

Alarms, Status

Availability

Setup Operations

Configuration

Storage Battery

Power (P,Q)

Consumed

Voltage

On-line status

Loads

Diesel Generator

Generated Power

Charge/Discharge

Power Consumed

Availability

Alarms/Status

Generated Power

Charge/Discharge

Power Consumed

Availability

Alarms/Status

Photovoltaic Panels

Start/Stop Mode

Parallel /

Isochronous Mode

Load Setup

Micro Grid

Control

slide36

Micro Grid mode capability

  • Synchronization
  • Work in the island mode
  • Command and control
  • Examining the ability of STORAGE –

life time, work regimes, scheduling

work with other Generations means

slide41

Operations Targets

Command, control, alarms

  • Building operational interfaces
  • Remote control systems for
  • MicroGrid Operations
  • DMS / NIS control system Interface
  • Generation system control
  • Grid price signal Control

Operations regimes

Safety issues

  • Safety procedures
  • Operating procedures
  • Maintenance procedures
  • Emergency procedures
  • Protection coordination
  • Parallel- island operations

Micro Grid Control

slide42

Communications

  • Protection Scheduling among

different generation (PV, STORAGE,

DG) facilities and customer

  • Data gathering from the command

and control system to DMS

  • Control station system interface for

STORAGE, PV, DG and client.

  • Customer interface for data transfer.
  • Data transfer interfaces to the other

partners (historical data and / or real

time) without the ability to control.

PLC

GPRS

FO

slide43

Business Model

Customer Solution

Power Quality

Demand Response

Distributed Generation

Network Backup

slide44

Main Research Goals

Examination, research and study of different regimes of STORAGE work aspect of:

  • Voltage stability
  • Different harmonics
  • Effect of grid disturbances on the

STORAGE work

  • MicroGrid system stability in

different regimes, for example - PV-

STORAGE -CUSTOMER

  • PV and STORAGE INVERTERS

operations

  • INVERTER stability in regimes 1-2-4
slide45

Storage Pros and Cons

Multi purpose

Storage

Negative

influence

Power

Quality

Maturity

Solution

Customer

Prototype

Hot

Backup

Micro

Grid

Grid

Connectivity

DG

Regulation

Policy

Research

Data

Disadvantages

Benefits

slide46

Questions

Thanks

and

your

Igor Aronovich

Senior Deputy Operations Manager

System Operations, IEC

aronovich@iec.co.il

slide47

Chain of events

563

2135

547

2104

1305

2640

1577

1170

4908

4924

4861

Bar

- Fuel Oil

- Coal

- Gas

- Gas oil

Lowest

reserve

4% during 1 HOUR