Religion . Key Issues Where are religions distributed? Why do religions have different distributions? Why do religions organize space in distinctive patterns? Why do territorial conflicts arise among religious groups? .
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Where are religions distributed?
Why do religions have different distributions?
Why do religions organize space in distinctive patterns?
Why do territorial conflicts arise among religious groups?
Each of the three main universalizing religions diffused widely from its hearth.
Christianity diffused from Palestine through the Roman Empire and continued diffusing through Europe after the fall of Rome. It was later replaced by Islam in much of the Mideast and North Africa.
Protestant denominations, Catholicism, and Eastern Orthodoxy are dominant in different regions of Europe – a result of many historic interactions.
The 14x46 displays are located on I-26 at mile-marker 125 and US 301N in Orangeburg
Prophet: and US 301N in Orangeburg Muhammad
Holy Text: Koran
Reading the Koran, Brunei
Origin – Mecca 613 a.d.
Prophet’s death in 1632
Combined with hierarchical diffusion (social)
Created an Arab empire
Trade as important as religion
Culture, not just religion
Islam diffused rapidly and widely from its area of origin in Arabia. It eventually stretched from southeast Asia to West Africa.
Hajj and US 301N in Orangeburg
Buddhism diffused gradually from its origin in northeastern India to Sri Lanka, southeast Asia, and eventually China and Japan.
Third major proselytizing religion
No longer a major presence in the country of its origin
Karma - your past bad or good actions determine your progress toward Nirvana through reincarnation. You are your own God.
Reincarnation progress toward Nirvana through reincarnation. You are your own God. – the soul is immortal but the body endlessly cycles to higher or lower levels of existence.
Yoga – the practices or tools used to break from habits of past lives. Includes various meditations and physical practices.
Hindu Beliefs and Practice
Brahma (The Creator) - depicted with four faces each continually reciting one of the Vedas. The force of creation and birth.
Shiva (The Destroyer)
- Shakti or power; the dissolving force in life; centrifugal force; entropy.
Vishnu (The Preserver)
- peace; balance; Sustainer of life.
A hint of monotheism-
How does Christianity stack up?
New Religious Movements or Cults
How does ethnic religions try and hold their identity
Give three examples of positive influences and three negative
How is this either unsuccessful or successful in today’s culture
Islam is considered the fastest growing religion in America. Only a small part of this growth is from black Muslims and the Nation of Islam.
Voodoo Dolls, Haiti
Shrine, Bangalore, India
Syncretism - religions and ethnic religions. the mixing of two or more religions that creates unique rituals, artwork, and beliefs.
Holy places in universalizing religions
Holy places in ethnic religions
The calendar in ethnic religions
The calendar in universalizing religions
Most holy sites in Buddhism are locations of important events in Buddha’s life and are clustered in northeastern India and southern Nepal.
Fig. Makkah (Mecca) is the holiest city in Islam and the site of pilgrimage for millions of Muslims each year. There are numerous holy sites in the city.
Hierarchy of Hindu holy places: Some sites are holy to Hindus throughout India; others have a regional or sectarian importance, or are important only locally.
Ex. The Roman Catholic Church
Ex. Islam prefers to unify by faith rather than specific boundaries.
Places of worship
Places of worship in other religions
Disposing of the dead
Religious place names
Administration of space
Locally autonomous religions
Place names in Québec show the impact of religion on the landscape. Many cities and towns are named after saints.
Fig. 6-13: The Catholic church divides the U.S. into provinces headed by archbishops. Provinces are divided into dioceses, headed by bishops.
A hierarchical religion has a well-defined geographic structure and organizes territory into local administrative units, i.e. Roman Catholicism and Latter-Day Saints (Mormons)
Pope Cardinal Archbishop Bishop Priest
Hierarchy of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Country's Population
Religion vs. government policies
Religion vs. social change
Religion vs. Communism
Religion vs. religion
Religious wars in the Middle East
Religious wars in Ireland
World Distribution of Hogs
What the Bible says about Women's Rights religious groups?
When Ireland became independent in 1937, 26 northern districts with large Protestant populations chose to remain part of the United Kingdom.
Religious culture regions, diffusion & distribution
Religious ecology, or the relationship between religion and the physical environment
How do different people view and use their environment?
What imprint do different religions leave on their environment?
Relationship between religion and culture, economic and political systems
Methods of religious diffusion
Cultural hearth of a religion
Universal or universalizing religion
Shia & Sunni Muslims