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CAT 1: Media Seductions Global Media and Public Outrage. Elizabeth Losh http:// losh.ucsd.edu. More Media Seductions Mixtape Winners!. The Final Examination Half Short-Answers, Half Essays. 6 out of 8 short answer questions (answer with a paragraph of 3-5 sentences each) 42%
The word “melodrama” literally means a play with music.
Analyze the role of music in three major works that we have studied this quarter in a coherent essay about media influence and aural experience.
Sample Thesis: Specific songs are often associated with specific places, and frequently in the works that we have studied this quarter particular melodies call up associations with home and homecoming to create a feeling of nostalgia or longing for home. In the play Uncle Tom’s Cabin, the film Bontoc Elegy, and the melodramas of Nazi filmmaker Veit Harlan, music reminds the characters of their ancestral or family homes, even if they can never actually go home again.
Sample Thesis: Music reinforces the feelings of regret associated with the “too late” condition of melodrama. The songs of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, the orchestration of the melodramas of Veit Harlan, and even the music in A Clockwork Orange make the audience feel the gap between what is desired and what can be attained.
Sample Thesis: Music and pain are closely associated in many of the works that we have studied this quarter. Music adds to images an element of physical response that increases the audience’s engagement. Uncle Tom is lashed with music that matches his physical lashes, Alex is physically tormented with the music he once loved, and music is extremely important in The Satanic Verses as well.
How can you master the expectations for this course?
To understand the depiction of Muhammad in Part II and Part VII of The Satanic Verses, it is necessary to understand the framing narrative of the entire novel, because the angel and devil characters are an integral part of the story of the prophet. We can’t understand either the book or the controversy without seeing Gibreel’s narcissistic cinematic visions or hearing Saladin’s manipulative and often subversive voiceovers and remixes as central to the story.
Part I: The Angel Gibreel
The backstory of the two contemporary characters:
Gibreel and Saladin
Part II: Mahound
A retelling of the story of Mohammed as
“Mahound the businessman”
Part III: The two contemporary characters
assume life as angel and devil in the
Both born Muslim
Both part of the Indian diaspora
Alleluia Cone – a famous blonde mountain climber
Rekha Merchant – the adulterous wife of Gibreel’s neighbor, a wealthy industrialist
Pimple Billimoria– one of Gibreel’sBollywood co-stars
Rosa Diamond – an old widow who takes him in after the plane crash
A man who sets out to make himself up is taking on the Creator’s role, according to one way of seeing things; he’s unnatural, a blasphemer, an abomination of abominations. From another angle, you could see pathos in him, heroism in his struggle, in his willingness to risk: not all mutants survive. Or, consider him sociopolitically: most migrants learn, and can become disguises. (49)
Because he did have that gift, truly he did, he was the Man with a Thousand Voices and a Voice. If you wanted to know how your ketchup bottle should talk in its television commercial, if you were unsure as to the ideal voice for your packet of garlic-flavoured crisps, he was your man. (60)
Pamela Lovelace – his wife, a Trotskyist actress, later becomes Jumpy Joshi’s lover
ZeenatVakil – the first Indian woman Chamcha had ever made love to, writer of The Only Good Indian
Mimi Mamoulian – a fellow voice actor, later a companion of Billy Battuta
Hyacinth Phillips – a physical therapist who takes pity upon him after his transformation
‘What is Amrka for us?’ he demanded. ‘It’s not a real place. Power in its purest form, disembodied, invisible.’ (56)
Her swearing: Page 13
Her dark skin: Page 59
But instead of putting on a lifejacket and holding up a blow-tube whistle etcetera, she quickly lifted the black djellabah that was her only garment and stood before them stark naked, so they all could see the arsenal of her body, the grenades like extra breasts nesting in her cleavage, the gelignite taped around her thighs, just the way it had been in Chamcha’s dream. (82)
Chamcha was drifting back into sleep when the cabin lights came on; the movie stopped; and the illusion of the cinema was replaced by one of watching the television news, as four armed, shouting figures came running down the aisles. (78)
Indian Partition in 1947
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
1983 Nellie massacre in Assam
Stories of the prophet from Gibreel’s mother (22)
The incident of the Satanic verses (24)
Hamza-Nama cloths (70)
“these are exalted females whose intercession is to be desired”
In Mecca, in pre-Islamic South Arabia, Allāt, Uzza, and Manah were believed to be the three chief goddesses of Mecca; they were called the "three exalted cranes" (gharaniq)
Page 93: “soft, seductive verses” of “his fiendish backing group”
Page 101-102: “Uzza of the radiant visage, goddess of beauty and love; obscure Manat, her face averted, her purpose mysterious, sifting sand between her finders – she’s in charge of destiny – she’s Fate; and lastely the highest of the three, the mother-goddess, whom the Greeks call Lato. Ilat, they call her, or, more frequently, Al-Lat.
Page 108: “He asks for Allah’s approval of Lat, Uzza, and Manat.”
Page 110: “Lat, Manat, Uzza – they’re all females! For pity’s sake! Are we to have goddesses now? Those old cranes, herons, hags?”
Page 113: “Lat, Manat, Uzza . . . can I call them angelic? Gibreel, have you got sisters?
Page 121: “She has long ears; has already heard what he said about Lat, Uzza, Manat. So what? In the old days he wanted to protect the baby daughters of Jahilia; why shouldn’t he take the daughters of Allah under his wing as well?”
Page 123: “Lat’s, Uzza’s, Manat’s. The – shall I call them mosques? -- of your new angels”
Page 128-129: “Lat, Uzza, Manat, flapping around his head, clawing at his eyes, biting, whipping him with heir hair, their wings.”
Born in Mecca
Married at 25 to wealthy widow Khadijah
Muhammad had several children with Khadijah, including his daughter Fatimah.
Had first visions at 40
Married to Sawdabint Zama and to Aisha, his favorite wife, around the age of 50
Migration to Medina in 622 and more marriages
Political and religious victories that united the region
Pages 120-121: “As for him, Prophet Messenger Businessman: his eyes are open now. He paces the inner courtyard of his house, his wife’s house and will not go in to her. She is almost seventy and feels these days more like a mother than a. She, the rich woman, who employed him to manage her caravans long ago. His management skills were the first thing she liked about him.”
The businessman looks as he should, high forehead, eaglenose, broad in the shoulders, narrow in the hip. Average height, brooding, dressed in two pieces of plain cloth, each four ells in length, one draped around his body, the other over his shoulder. Large eyes; long lashes like a girl’s. His strides can seem too long for his legs, but he’s a light-footed man. (95)
Why are images of sentient living beings prohibited?
for celestial love
rather than physical
Plato’s contempt for shadows experienced by
the senses or imitations of imitations
of images and
Why did Hegel think that architecture and sculpture were the lowest arts and poetry and music the highest?
Hagar discussed on 94, 97, 99, 101, and 103
The Legend of the Kaaba
The Festival of Ibrahim 118
Jahiliyyah (Arabic: جاهلية ǧāhiliyyah/jāhilīyah "ignorance") is an Islamic concept of "ignorance of divine guidance" or "the state of ignorance” Pages 96-99
“Gibreel: the dreamer, whose point of view is sometimes that of the camera and at other moments, spectator. When he’s a camera the pee oh vee is always on the move, he hates static shots, so he’s floating up on a high crane looking down at the foreshortened figures of the actors, or he’s swooping down to stand invisibly between them, turning slowly on his heel to achieve a three-hundred-and-sixty-degree pan, or maybe he’ll try a dolly shot . . . “(110)
The ayatollah and the
Iranian Islamic revolutionary
In the name of God the Almighty. We belong to God and to Him we shall return. I would like to inform all intrepid Muslims in the world that the author of the book Satanic Verses, which has been compiled, printed, and published in opposition to Islam, the Prophet, and the Qur'an, and those publishers who were aware of its contents, are sentenced to death. I call on all zealous Muslims to execute them quickly, where they find them, so that no one will dare to insult the Islamic sanctity. Whoever is killed on this path will be regarded as a martyr, God-willing.In addition, if anyone has access to the author of the book but does not possess the power to execute him, he should point him out to the people so that he may be punished for his actions. May God's blessing be on you all. RullahMusavi al-Khomeini
Moving every three days
A strategy of appeasement. Reclaiming Islam.
Rushdie retracts his apologies.
"The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran has no intention, nor is it going to take any action whatsoever, to threaten the life of the author of 'The Satanic Verses' or anybody associated with his work, nor will it encourage or assist anybody to do so.”
(Where does jihad fit in?
Is personal struggle a sixth pillar?)