The Middle Colonies. New York. Settling the Middle Colonies. Old Netherlanders at New Netherlands. Henry Hudson’s voyage provided Holland with a claim to the region 1600s Golden Age of Dutch history. Major commercial and naval power. Challenging England on the seas.
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Dutch West India Company ran with the interests of the stockholders in mind.
No interest in religious toleration, free speech, or democracy.
Governors appointed by the Company were autocratic.
Religious dissenters against Dutch Reformed Church [including Quakers] were persecuted.
Local assembly with limited power to make laws established after repeated protests by colonists.
Early 20c Dutch Revival Building in NYC.
New York Cityseal.
Names Harlem, Brooklyn
Architecture gambrel roof
Customs Easter eggs, Santa Claus, waffles, bowling, sleighing, skating, kolf [golf].
A society that gave its citizens economic opportunity, civil liberty, & religious freedom!!
1. Religious toleration
2. political liberty
3. respectful treatment of the Indians
4. Generous terms on which Penn offered land
5. Penn offered aid to immigrants
6. Freemen (taxpayers and property owners elected the councilors and assembly
Named after Lord De La Warr [harsh military governor of VA in 1610].
Closely associated with Penn’s colony.
1703 granted its own assembly.
Remained under the control of PA until the American Revolution.
First controlled by the Swedes, Dutch, then English
WHY this large increase in black popul.??
Became the busiest port in the South.
City with aristocratic feel.
Religious toleration attracted diverse inhabitants.
American Long Grain Rice
In colonial times, the main use for indigo was as a dye for spun cotton threads that were woven into cloth for clothes.
Today in the US, the main use for indigo is a dye for cotton work clothes & blue jeans.
Founded in 1733.
Last of the 13 colonies.
Named in honor of King George II.
Founded by James Oglethorpe: rehab
People through hard word and opportunity
Division of country into north and south