Open and Connected Darlene Redmond Open Access Week, 2013
Today’s Presentation • Define Open • Define Connected • Define A Learning Society
Open Educational Resource Open Access Open License Open Registration Open Content Open Format Open University Open Software Massive Open Online…
Open Educational Resources Learning materials freely shared with permissions to engage in the 4Rs … • Reuse • Redistribute • Revise • Remix
And the BIG one… Image credit: Stefanie Panke
Two Types of MOOCs…Two Types of Education cMOOCs xMOOCs Distributed Network (connections) Peer focused Platform Linear Academic focused Credit: Martin Weller
Trends in Learning • Many learners will move into a variety of different, possibly unrelated fields over the course of their lifetime. • Informal learning is a significant aspect of our learning experience. • Learning is a continual process, lasting for a lifetime.. • Technology is altering (rewiring) our brains. • The organization and the individual are both learning organisms. • Many of the processes previously handled by learning theories (especially in cognitive information processing) can now be off-loaded to, or supported by, technology. • Know-how and know-what is being supplemented with know-where
Connectivist Learning • Learning and knowledge rest in diversity of opinions. • Learning is a process of connecting information sources. • Learning may reside in non-human appliances. • Capacity to know more is more critical than what is currently known • Nurturing and maintaining connections is needed to facilitate continual learning.
Connectivist Learning • The ability to see connections (between fields, ideas, and concepts) is a core skill. • Currency (accurate, up-to-date knowledge) is the intent of all connectivist learning activities. • Decision-making is itself a learning process. The right answer today, may be wrong tomorrow due to changes in the information climate.
Open Education – Type C Really open education is more than just free programs or resources. Open education seeks to remove all unnecessary barriers to learning while aiming to provide students with a reasonable chance of success in an education and training system centered on their specific needs.
What does that look like? • Responsiveness to learners and communities • An open door policy • Prior learning assessment and recognition • Portfolio based assessment • Student support centers • Competency-based curriculum
"...community colleges are situated best among all institutions of higher education to open education to the lifelong, autonomous learner." Sean Michael Morris A Manifesto for Community Colleges, Lifelong Learning, and Autodidacts
Open Education (without barriers) Open Education (courses) Open Educational Resources
Openly licensed educational materials have tremendous potential to contribute to improving the quality and effectiveness of education. They can be used to improve the teaching and learning environment while reducing costs to the institution and to the student.
The Pros… • Reduced costs • Increased access • Scalability (160,000 students!) • Active learning (remix, revise, reuse) • Enhanced methodologies • Quick customization and improvement • Collaboration • Support for lifelong learning
The Cons • No centralized control • Quality and maintenance issues • Impact on human interaction (teacher to student, student to student) • Language barriers • Technology issues • Lack of a central authority
Towards a Learning Society… The future is connected and collaborative. "Whereas in the past learning was competitive, coercive and paternalistic, the new ethic of learning is collaborative, global and universal. It is collaborative in that learners need to work with each other. It is global in the sense that every society has a contribution to make and a responsibility to each other. And it is universal because every part of a society must invest in learning and participate." The Learning Society, Cisco Systems, 2010
Where do I find OERs? Specialized OER search engines: • Global Learning Objects Brokered Exchange (GLOBE) Alliance • Folksemantic • DiscoverEd • Creative Commons Search • Open Courseware Consortium
Where do I find OERs? Locate a suitable OER repository: • OpenLearn • MedEdPORTAL(medical focus). • MIT OCW • China Open Resources for Education (CORE) • AgEcon(agricultural focus)
Where do I find OERs? Use OER directory sites: • OpenLearn • OER Commons • Commonwealth of Learning • OER Africa
Where do I find MOOCs? Sample listings • MOOC List • 625 Free MOOCs from Great Universities A list of upcoming connectivist MOOCs • Connectivist MOOCs A list of lists… • Moocs.co
Cảm ơn! Thank You!
References OER Africa. Understanding OER. http://www.oerafrica.org/understandingoer Creative Commons. How can I license my work? http://creativecommons.org/ Creative Commons. What is OER? http://wiki.creativecommons.org/What_is_OER Cisco Systems. 2010.The Learning Society. http://www.cisco.com/web/about/citizenship/socio-economic/docs/LearningSociety_WhitePaper.pdf NY Times. 2012. The Year of the MOOC. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/04/education/edlife/massive-open-online-courses-are-multiplying-at-a-rapid-pace.html?_r=0 Schilling, David. 2013. Knowledge Doubling Every 12 Months Soon to be Every 12 Hours. http://www.industrytap.com/knowledge-doubling-every-12-months-soon-to-be-every-12-hours/3950 Siemens, George. 2004. Connectivism: A Learning Theory for the Digital Age. http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/connectivism.htm Weller, Martin. Understanding OERS in 10 Videos. http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLWZ0HETZsWsN2h70E3MFCUQD1kh59wTxt