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Emission and Absorption of Electromagnetic Energy. copper. sodium. lithium. strontium. BOHR MODEL OF HYDROGEN ATOM. Electron circles the nucleus in fixed energy ranges called orbits (energy levels)

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Emission and absorption of electromagnetic energy

copper

sodium

lithium

strontium


Bohr model of hydrogen atom
BOHR MODEL OF HYDROGEN ATOM

  • Electron circles the nucleus in fixed energy ranges called orbits (energy levels)

  • An electron can move from one energy level to another by gaining discrete amounts of energy.

  • Electron can not be found between energy levels (energy levels are like rungs on a ladder…..)

  • The lowest energy level is the closest to the nucleus.


Emission and absorption of electromagnetic energy

  • How were these colors produced?

  • By using the Bohr model, scientists can explain this phenomenon

  • http://www.dlt.ncssm.edu/tiger/Flash/phase/ElectronOrbits.html

    * e- absorbs energy (in whole photons or quanta) to jump to a higher energy level

    (EXCITED STATE)

    * e- emits energy (in whole photons or quanta) to fall back to original energy level

    (GROUND STATE)


Emission and absorption of electromagnetic energy

energy absorbed

=

energy released

=

energy of light produced

*some of this light is part of the visible spectrum, and can be seen as unique colors for different elements


Emission and absorption of electromagnetic energy


Bohr model from reference table
Bohr model from reference table around the nucleus.

  • When an electron falls from

  • n = 6 to n = 2, what wavelength of light will be emitted?

  • What is the region of the spectrum that corresponds to this wavelength?


When an electron falls from n 6 to n 2 what color of light will be emitted
When an electron falls from around the nucleus. n = 6 to n = 2, what color of light will be emitted?


Wavelength vs frequency
Wavelength vs Frequency around the nucleus.

  • Inversely proportional (i.e. when one goes up, the other goes down)

  • http://amazing-space.stsci.edu/resources/explorations/light/makewaves-frames.html


Wave particle duality of electrons
Wave-Particle Duality of Electrons around the nucleus.

  • Electrons act as waves as well as particles

  • Energy can act as particles as well as waves