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DISCOVERING FOSSILS . By- Caitlin Tencate, Maggie Hermanson and Kelley Shomaker. Background Information. Fossils - literally "having been dug up" are the preserved remains or traces of animals, plants, and other organisms from the remote past. Fossils are used to :

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discovering fossils

DISCOVERING FOSSILS

By-

Caitlin Tencate, Maggie Hermanson and Kelley Shomaker

background information
Background Information
  • Fossils - literally "having been dug up" are the preserved remains or traces of animals, plants, and other organisms from the remote past.
  • Fossils are used to :
    • 1. Reconstruct what the earth was like in the distant past
    • 2. To show how life has changed through time
    • 3. To correlate rock from one area to another to aid in searching for fossil fuels and minerals.
  • In Ohio, fossils can be found at:
    • Found in Fossil Park Sylvania
    • Caesar Creek Emergency Spillway
    • Hueston Woods State Park
    • A few other popular Cincinnati and Dayton locations.
  • Ordovician time period
coral a k a gummy worms
Coral a.k.a. Gummy Worms
  • Corals :
    • Simple animals that conceal skeletons made of calcium carbonate.
    • Corals can be either colonial or solitary.
    • Corals live attached to the seafloor and feed by trapping small animals with their tentacles.
bryozoans aka gummy bears
Bryozoans aka Gummy Bears
  • Bryozoans:
    • “Moss animals” are aquatic organisms that build stony skeletons of calcium carbonate.
    • Fossils found in rocks beginning in the Early Ordovician as a part of Ordovician radiation.
sour gummy worms aka cephalopods
Sour Gummy Worms aka Cephalopods
  • Cephalopods
    • Cephalopods means “head foot”
    • Fossil cephalopods were important parts of the marine food web
gummy cherries aka brachiopods
Gummy Cherries aka Brachiopods
  • Brachiopods
    • Marine animals who are filter feeders who collect food particles.
    • Fossil shells from animals that lived in ancient seas.
    • Kentucky’s state fossil
gummy tarantula aka clams
Gummy Tarantula aka Clams
  • Clams
    • Called bivalves because their shell is composed of two valves.
    • Found in marine and freshwater environments.
    • Filter feeder
sour lightning bugs aka trilobites
Sour Lightning Bugs aka Trilobites
  • Trilobites or Isotelus:
    • Trilobite means “three-lobed creature”
    • Marine organism, invertebrate creature that has hard outer shell or skeleton.
    • Ohio’s state fossil
      • Between 430 and 480 million years ago an ocean covered much of what is now Ohio.
slide9
http://www.dinosaursrock.com/DigFossilsCoral.jpg
  • http://www.thecephalopodpage.org/FosCephs.php
  • http://www.educationalfossils.com/educational-fossils/Cephalopod-geisenoceras/geisenoceras-lrg.jpg
  • http://www.uky.edu/KGS/education/fossils.pdf
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