Shape/Form: An element of art, it is an enclosed space defined and determined by other art elements such as line, color, value, and texture. In painting and drawing, shapes may take on the appearance of solid three-dimensionalobject even though they are limited to two dimensions — length and width. This two-dimensional character of shape distinguishes it from form, which has depth as well as length and width. • Geometric: mathematically defined • Organic: not mathematically defined….often amoebic
Exercise 1 • Use drawing sketchbook • Find 3 examples of geometric shape within the classroom and sketch • Find 3 examples of organic shape within the classroom and sketch • Make sure you are capturing the complete shape image….give details!
Pattern: The repetition of any thing — shapes, lines, or colors There are ten classes of patterns, each with a particular function, that make up the entire physical world — natural and human-made — at all scales: spheres mosaics or nests lattices polyhedra spirals — helixes and volutes meanders branching and circulation waves symmetry fractals
*fractals: A geometricpattern that is repeated at ever smaller scales to produce irregular shapes and/or surfaces that cannot be represented by classical geometry. Every part at every scale of a fractal mirrors the whole.Discovered in the pursuit of chaos theory in the late twentieth century, fractals are used especially in computer modeling of irregular patterns and structures in nature.
Exercise 2 • Use drawing sketchbook: divide page into quarters • Create the following patterns: *geometric shape/organic shape/hybrid shape *alternating colors *line variations *hybrid of shape, color and line
Texture • An element of art, texture is the surfacequality or "feel" of an object, its smoothness, roughness, softness, etc. Textures may be actual or simulated. Actual textures can be felt with the fingers, while simulated textures are suggested by an artist
Exercise 3 • Use drawing sketchbook: divide one page into quarters • Find the following textures on objects in the classroom: *smooth *bumpy *fuzzy *wood grain Draw an up-close view of the object with particular attention to the texture
Space: space - An element of art that refers to the distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things. It can be described as two-dimensional or three-dimensional; as flat, shallow, or deep; as open or closed; as positive or negative; and as actual, ambiguous, or illusory.
Positive: Space in an artwork that is positive — filled with something, such as lines, designs, color, or shapes. The opposite of negative space.
Negative Space: Empty space in an artwork, a void.That's the usual definition.To some people, this term suggests unpleasant things. Sometimes when we say "negative" we mean "bad."Both "space" and "emptiness" suggest a lack, a shortage of something. This is unfortunate. The concept of negative space is one that deserves to be highly prized. In Japanese arttradition, what we call negative space is called ma. Relevant in every Japanese art form, from sumi-e to ikebana, ma is considered a particularly valuable sort of space, not seen as negative or empty.
Ambiguous or illusory https://www.google.com/search?num=10&hl=en&site=imghp&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1024&bih=674&q=positive+and+negative+space&oq=positive+and+neg&gs_l=img.1.0.0l10.1055.3890.0.65220.127.116.11.18.104.22.1686.2103.5j3j1j7-1.10.0...0.0...1ac.1.2MXTrDRROfQ
Exercise 4 • Using your drawing sketchbook, please divide your paper in quarters • On a piece of index card, draw an original shape no larger than an inch and cut it out • Using the index card as a template, create a design in the first quarter • Fold paper and copy the design into the next 2 quarters • In the first quarter, color each shape using only one color marker • In the second quarter, color the background using only one color • In the third quarter, vary background and shapes that are colored using only one color
Balance Balance:Aprinciple of design, balance refers to the way the elements of art are arranged to create a feeling of stability in a work; a pleasing or harmoniousarrangement or proportion of parts or areas in a design or composition. Portions of a composition can be described as taking on a measureableweight or dominance, and can then be arranged in such a way that they appear to be either in or out of balance, or to have one kind of balance or another. Balance can be symmetrical, or formal; or it can be asymmetrical, or informal. It can also be radial.
Radial balance: Mandala: Any of various radialgeometricdesignssymbolic of the universe, traditionally used in Hinduism and Buddhism as an aid to meditation.
Symmetrical: inkblot or ink blot - An image formed by dripping ink onto a piece of paper, and then folding the paper in half. Inkblots are invariably symmetrical, but making them is largely aleatoric, their shapes depending greatly upon accident or chance. Painted versions of inkblots are called blotto painting. In psychology, inkblots have been used in the Rohrschach test
Problem to solve: How can you create a design that incorporates positive, negative and illusory or ambiguous space in the form of a mandala or inkblot?
Requirements: *Use organic and geometric shapes *Use black sharpies *utilize either an inkblot design or mandala design *Use positive, negative and illusory/ambiguous space in the composition *utilize interesting patterns & textures *Must incorporate fractals
Resources • http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=positive%2fnegative+space+in+designs&view=detail&id=D474EC154F438169825E1B4309C89F6DFE09CE3A&first=1 • http://www.uncsa.edu/visualarts/DesGallery.htm • http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=black+and+white+mandalas&view=detail&id=B9A6367B36D6434A11E595B09A04BE9FA6373E3D&qpvt=black+and+white+mandalas • http://www.infinityartgallery.com/PM10/ • https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=geometric+shape&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.&biw=1280&bih=706&wrapid=tlif134681154593110&um=1&ie=UTF-8&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=o7VGUPCuOYay8ATYgoHYBA#um=1&hl=en&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=organic+shape&oq=organic+shape&gs_l=img.3..0l10.81647.82679.0.83822.214.171.124.0.0.1.245.942.2j4j1.7.0...0.0...1c.g2lag4UlKYA&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.&fp=e82e14ab86cdbc14&biw=1280&bih=706 • https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=geometric+shape&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.&biw=1280&bih=706&wrapid=tlif134681154593110&um=1&ie=UTF-8&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=o7VGUPCuOYay8ATYgoHYBA • http://artlex.com/