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NUTRITION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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NUTRITION. Vitamins . Vitamins are key to our body. 2 types of vitamins Fat-soluble (stored in bile acids) Water-soluble (absorbed quickly ) What vitamins do? Vitamins are essential to our growth They keep our cells alive and healthily, giving them nutrition.

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  • Vitamins are key to our body.

  • 2 types of vitamins

    • Fat-soluble (stored in bile acids)

    • Water-soluble (absorbed quickly)

  • What vitamins do?

    • Vitamins are essential to our growth

    • They keep our cells alive and healthily, giving them nutrition.

  • Sources Dairy, Fruit, Vegetables, Meat, Some Wheat's, and Pills.

Fat soluble vitamins
Fat-soluble Vitamins

  • Small amounts of A, D, E and K are needed

  • Body doesn’t need every day

  • Stores in fat tissues, liver

  • Mega doses of A, D, E or K lead to health problems

  • Pose a greater risk for toxicity

  • Require fats in diet to be properly absorbed

  • Stored for long periods

Water soluble vitamins
Water-soluble Vitamins

  • B complex, vitamin C are water soluble

  • Not stored in body

  • Must be replaced every day

  • Easily destroyed

  • Grains, meats, dairy, fruits and vegetables are B complex

  • Citrus fruits are good sources of vitamin C

  • B complex group

    • Thiamin (B1), riboflavin (B2), B6, olate, B12, biotin, pantothenic acid,


  • Two hydrogen and one oxygen molecule, makes water!

  • You need water to, survive because it makes up 80% of our body's content

  • Our body regulates water by sweatingand peeing.

  • Does many things for our body,

    • Removes acids, toxins, wastes

    • Regulates body temperature.

    • Carries oxygen, nutrients into all cells.

    • You need water to keep your metabolism working properly.

  • Our body is like a engine the food is the gas that fuels it, but the water is the oil that help keep everything going

  • The only way you can receive water is by drinks water or water bases drinks.


  • Minerals are much like vitamins they help our grow, function, and stay healthy

  • There are two kinds of minerals

    • Macro Lrg. (Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride, and sulfur.)

    • Trace Sml. (Iron, manganese, copper, iodine, zinc, fluoride, cobalt, and selenium)

Macro minerals
Macro Minerals

  • Calcium: Builds bones and teeth in dairy, pills, leafy vegetables

  • Phosphorus: Builds bones, teeth, helps energy production, acid-base balance,!

  • Magnesium: Regulates absorption of calcium

  • Sodium: Also known as salt

  • Potassium: Keeps muscle, nervous system working properly

Trace minerals
Trace Minerals

  • Iron: Transports oxygen from lungs to rest of body

  • Manganese : Help us grow, and keeps our skin / cartilage healthy.

  • Copper: Helps transport oxygen through your body, help makes DNA

  • Zinc: Helps immune system, receive from meat, and vegetables.

  • Cobalt: Helps red blood cells function

  • Selenium: Produces enzyme


  • Basic fuel for body

  • There are two types of carbs>Simple and Complex

  • When eaten, body breaks down into sugars, absorbed into bloodstream

  • Gives muscles in body energy when move through bloodstream to muscles

  • If sugars aren't used, turned into fat

  • Body needs insulin to help sugars move to cells

  • Get carbs. From grains, vegetables, meats

Types of carbohydrates
Types of Carbohydrates

  • Simple carbs

    • Also called simple sugars

    • Found in refined sugars, like white sugar, candy

    • Digests quickly, energy burns fast

  • Complex carbs

    • Also called starches

    • Found in grain products like pasta, bread, crackers, rice


  • One of the main basic forms on energy in our body.

  • Three kinds of fat

    • Trans fat

    • Saturated fat

    • Unsaturated fat

  • Fat provides energy for almost everything we do.

  • Fat is also stored in the body, when not used

  • Stored fat is used for extra energy when you need more during movement, or starvation.

  • You receive fat from, nut, cream, meats, fruits and veggies, oil, and other processed food

Types of fat
Types of Fat

  • Unsaturated fat

    • Helps heart, high in calories, good energy

    • Two main types: Polyunsaturated, monounsaturated

    • Polyunsaturated found in oils

    • Monounsaturated found in oils, seeds

  • Saturated fat

    • Is a form of quick energy

    • Raises blood cholesterol, and increases heart diseases.

    • Cream, fast food, diary, and oil.

  • Trans fat

    • Is also a form of quick energy

    • Raises cholesterol, and also increases rick of heart diseases

    • Found in processed and fast food.

  • Fiber

    • Fiber is a substance found in plants that the human body cannot break down.

    • Two types soluble fiber and insoluble fiber.

      • Soluble fiber, helps your blood sugar can and cholesterol levels, dissolve in water

      • Mainly found in oats, beans and fruit.

      • Insoluble fiber increases the movement through your digestive system, cannot dissolve in water

      • Found in whole grain products and vegetables.

    • Is not essential to body, but very helpful


    • Protein is a long line of amino acids that work together to help your body.

    • Two types of protein

      • Complete

      • Incomplete

    • Builds, maintains, replaces tissues in body

    • Muscles, organs, immune system made up of protein

    • Provides structure for teeth, fingernails, hair

    • Helps for digestion, stomach enzymes

    • Helps us see, lens of eye

    Types of protein
    Types of Protein

    • Complete protein

      • structure for teeth, fingernails, hair

      • Helps for digestion, stomach enzymes

      • Contains all 9 of the essential amino acids

      • Sources meat and milk

    • Incomplete protein

      • Helps repair damaged cells, while keeping cells healthy

      • Lack one or more essential amino acids

      • Receive form fruits and vegetables.