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  1. Apply Auto Bailout and Stimulus Dollars For a Clean Energy Solution Peter R. Solomon, Ph.D. Advanced Fuel Research, Inc prsolomon@Comcast.net

  2. Here is an ideal energy combination that can help solve our problems of global warming and dependence on imported oil, while creating jobs.

  3. Commute to work in a PEV (that’s a battery electric vehicle or a plug-in hybrid-electric vehicle) and save more than half the current fuel costs. PEV

  4. Commute to work in a PEV (that’s a battery electric vehicle or a plug-in hybrid-electric vehicle) and save more than half the current fuel costs. The car’s battery is charged at work during the day when clean solar electricity is available and at home after midnight when base load electricity demand is low. Work PEV Residence

  5. Commute to work in a PEV (that’s a battery electric vehicle or a plug-in hybrid-electric vehicle)and save more than half the current fuel costs. The car’s battery is charged at work during the day when clean solar electricity is available and at home after midnight when base load electricity demand is low. The car’s spare energy is used to provide electricity to your home in the evening. PEV Residence

  6. Solar Grid This Ideal energy combination is called: It has these Pieces: Work S2V2G Solar toVehicle toGrid PEV Residence

  7. Solar Grid It is the ideal combination because the PEV can be charged during working hours when the sun has its peak intensity and then give back its extra stored energy when the grid has its peak demand. Work PEV Residence

  8. Solar Grid Wind Wind power also tends to peak during the middle of the day and is a good compliment to solar power because the combination would help even out weather related fluctuations. Work PEV Residence

  9. Solar Grid Wind Here are the benefits of S2V2G Work PEV Residence

  10. Potential Benefits of S2V2Gwith 100 Million PEVs • Fuel Cost for Average 33 Mile Commute Reduced by 58% $3.65 Per Day $1.50 Average Commute Cost

  11. Potential Benefits of S2V2Gwith 100 Million PEVs Reduced by 29% • Imported Oil $3.65 Per Day 13.5 Million Barrels/day 9.6 $1.50 Average Commute Cost Crude Oil Imports 2007

  12. Potential Benefits of S2V2Gwith 100 Million PEVs • Renewable Electric Meets 69% of Residential Electric Demand $3.65 Per Day 13.5 Million Barrels/day 4.70 Quadrillion BTU/year 9.6 $1.50 1.46 Average Commute Cost Crude Oil Imports 2007 Electric Power 2007

  13. Potential Benefits of S2V2Gwith 100 Million PEVs • CO2 Emissions from Cars and Small Trucks Reduced by 50% 4.70 Quadrillion BTU/year 1.10 Billion Metric Tons/Year $3.65 Per Day 13.5 Million Barrels/day 9.6 .55 $1.50 1.46 Average Commute Cost Crude Oil Imports 2007 Res Electric Power 2007 Light Vehicle CO2Emission

  14. Potential Benefits of S2V2Gwith 100 Million PEVs • CO2 Emissions from Electricity Generation Reduced by 8.1% 4.70 Quadrillion BTU/year 1.10 Billion Metric Tons/Year 3.2 Billion Metric Tons/Year $3.65 Per Day 13.5 Million Barrels/day 2.9 9.6 3.3 .55 $1.50 1.46 CO2From US Electric 2006 Average Commute Cost Crude Oil Imports 2007 Res Electric Power 2007 Light Vehicle CO2Emission

  15. Additional Benefits of S2V2G • Creates a huge American industry, with lots of jobs producing Solar, Wind,and PEV products for domestic consumption and export. • Reduces the need to build new traditional generating plants by supplying peak demand with Solar and Wind Power and the power from the PEVs. • Creates jobs in expanding transmission capacity. • Makes the best use of Solar and Wind power which peak in the middle of the day during normal working hours. • Has many benefits, even before Solar and Wind power come on line.

  16. Solar Grid Wind Here are the details. Work PEV Residence

  17. During a 24 hour period, the demand for electricity has peaks and valleys. Average for houses in study 42.8 kWh/day Mean S2V2G provides power during peak demand using Solar and Wind at their peak availability, followed by power from the PEV battery.

  18. From Midnight to 6am - Partially Charge the PEV during the Demand Valley 5 kWh from grid to battery Average for houses in study 42.8 kWh/day Grid Mean Residence

  19. Between 6 am and 10 am – Commute to Work on Battery Power Use 5 kWh from battery Average for houses in study 42.8 kWh/day Mean Work

  20. From 10 am to 3 pm – Charge the PEV and Power the Grid with Renewable Energy From Renewable: 10 kWh to grid; 20 kWh to PEV Average for houses in study 42.8 kWh/day Grid Solar Mean Work Wind

  21. Between 3 pm and 6 pm – Commute to Residence Using the Battery Use 5 kWh from battery Average for houses in study 42.8 kWh/day Mean Residence

  22. From 6 pm to 12 am – Use the PEV to Power Residence during Peak Demand 15 kWh from battery Average for houses in study 42.8 kWh/day Mean Residence

  23. Added Potential– From 3pm to 6pm – Use Solar Power from the West FromSolar,6 kWh to grid Average for houses in study 42.8 kWh/day Grid Solar Mean

  24. Solar Grid Wind Energy Per PEV 36 kWh from Solar and Wind: 10 kWh to transportation; 26 kWh to residence and the grid. Work PEV Residence

  25. Solar Grid Wind How should Congress spend bailout and stimulus dollars to make S2V2Ghappen? Work PEV Residence

  26. 1. Get commitments from the Automobile companies to develop and produce millions of PEVs as a condition of the bailout. PEV

  27. Solar Grid Wind • Spend Stimulus Dollars on the Solar and WindInfrastructure. • Solar and Wind farm construction • Manufacturing facilities for • Solar and Windenergy technology • Create cross country transmission • capacity (north-south & east-west)

  28. 3. Provide large tax • incentives for the PEV • infrastructure. • Purchase of PEVs • Plug-in stations at home and work • Battery technology investment • PEV-to-grid Power Management • Technology Work PEV Residence

  29. Solar Grid Wind 4. Increase funding for research, development and demonstration on all aspects of S2V2G. Work PEV Residence

  30. Useful Links on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) and Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) • http://www.pnl.gov/energy/eed/etd/pdfs/phev_fe asibility_analysis_combined.pdf • http://www.google.org/recharge/index.html • http://mydocs.epri.com/docs/public/PHEVPressRelease_final.pdf • http://www.calcars.org/vehicles.html • http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/pdfs/program/phev_rd_plan_02-28-07.pdf • http://www.plugincenter.com/files/documents/01_-_Jim_Francfort.pdf