Logistics. For want of a nail the shoe was lost, for want of a shoe the horse was lost, for want of a horse the general was lost, for want of a general the battle was lost, for want of a battle the war was lost. 23. “My logisticians are a humorless lot . . .
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For want of a nail the shoe was lost,for want of a shoe the horse was lost,for want of a horse the general was lost, for want of a general the battle was lost, for want of a battle the war was lost.
“My logisticians are a humorless lot . . .
they know if my campaign fails, they are the first ones I will slay”.
~Alexander the Great
Provides the “service and support” function for all operations
Functions in logistics include:
Procurement— obtaining the necessary equipment, weapons, supplies, consumables and personnel
Distribution — dispersing the necessary equipment and personnel to where they are most needed
Sustainment — ensuring maintenance, replenishment and/or replacement of equipment, consumables, or personnel
Recovery — return of all equipment and personnel to their proper place
Includes tracking (information capture) of perishable re-imbursables
What is Logistics?
Mutual Aid Database
Provides a single source for locating essential, but seldom used, equipment and skills
Resources—available, but not owned
Procurement is nearly always a strategic function
Some things can notbe obtained “off the shelf”
Pre-arranged loans & contracts
Requires a diverse process encompassing both strategic and tactical means
Centralized— Supply dumps, staging areas, issue points
Decentralized— individual issue
Deployed Unit Anticipates
Based on actual consumption rate
Push or Pull?
Replenishment — consumables, including fuels
Replacement — equipment
Reliefs — personnel
Reconstitution — units
Often requires collection, identification, repackaging, and re-palletizing
Mistakes made in distribution are manifested here
Capture of reimbursable information
Mileage, overtime, consumables, and so forth
Repair/Replenish/Return items for storage
Because much specialized equipment, and many subject matter experts, are outside the parent organization, a “reach back” capability is required
Memorandums of understanding, (MOU), Interagency agreements, prearranged contracts, reserve funds, etc.
Pre-identified Subject Matter Experts
Generally, there are six basic tasks for the logistics function.
Manning, Arming, Fueling, Fixing, Moving and Protecting
Posting people at the right place and time
Relieving personnel to maintain operations and avoid interruptions
Will require lead time to avoid tardiness
Will involve lag time to return to staging area and or transportation
Will require a “match-up”
Personnel and Weapons
Weapons and Ammunition
Appropriate projectile? i.e., buckshot, slugs, blanks, etc.
Less Lethal munitions
Magazines, night scopes, carrying cases, shipping containers, etc.
Includes consumable batteries for radios, flashlights, night vision equipment, etc almost always somewhat centralized and utilizes a “pull” system
Even when fuel trucks are used, individual vehicles typically refuel where truck is staged
Will require different grades and types, such as unleaded gasoline, fuel oil, aviation fuel, etc.
May require “contact teams” for field repairs
Almost always requires specialists
Computer experts, and other specialized skills and trades
Will often require dedicated vehicles
Buses, aircraft, heavy trucks, individual radio cars, etc.
Often requires specialized containers
Water Bulls (water trailers)
Smaller items may need to be palletized
Includes protecting weapons and equipment from weather and fire
Protecting personnel from hazards and unnecessary risks
Safety equipment, such as earplugs, eye protection, gloves, hard hats, masks, sun screen, etc.
Comfort equipment, such as rain suits, warm clothing, hot food, portable toilets, and the like
Success of the entire logisticscomponent is often judged onthis single factor
The highest maintenance activity
Utilized or not,all personnel are consumers” and will require food, water, rest, and even comfort
Overtime payments will require detailed record keeping
Tracking hours worked is also critical to accomplish sustainment and avoid excessive fatigue
Disaster Fund reimbursements require detailed accounting of expenditures, including overtime, mileage and consumables
Staging areas are always a logistics responsibility
Quickly becomes the “kitchen” of the operational area
Field Command Posts & Staging Areas
Can easily become congested or in “harm’s” way and require coordination, protection and/or movement
Will always require organization and protection
“De-confliction” requires constant attention
When selecting a site, always “think big!”
Field Command Posts