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Logistics. For want of a nail the shoe was lost, for want of a shoe the horse was lost, for want of a horse the general was lost, for want of a general the battle was lost, for want of a battle the war was lost. 23. “My logisticians are a humorless lot . . .

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For want of a nail the shoe was lost,for want of a shoe the horse was lost,for want of a horse the general was lost, for want of a general the battle was lost, for want of a battle the war was lost.

23

“My logisticians are a humorless lot . . .

they know if my campaign fails, they are the first ones I will slay”.

~Alexander the Great

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CommandandControl

Functional Relationships

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  • Intelligence identifies the priorities
  • Operations shapes the response
  • Logistics sets the limitations
  • All three support the C2 function
  • No function can exist independently, but must constantly interface withthe other three
  • Of the four functions,logistics is the most scientific

Operations

Intelligence

Logistics

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Importance of Logistics

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  • Logistics establishes the operational limits!
  • Who?
  • What?
  • How Much?
  • How Long?
  • How Far?
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The science of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of forces

Provides the “service and support” function for all operations

Functions in logistics include:

Procurement— obtaining the necessary equipment, weapons, supplies, consumables and personnel

Distribution — dispersing the necessary equipment and personnel to where they are most needed

Sustainment — ensuring maintenance, replenishment and/or replacement of equipment, consumables, or personnel

Recovery — return of all equipment and personnel to their proper place

Includes tracking (information capture) of perishable re-imbursables

What is Logistics?

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More than any other tactical function, logistics relies most heavily on record keeping

Spreadsheets

Databases

Status Boards

Location Boards

Checklists

Computers

Signs

Mutual Aid Database

Provides a single source for locating essential, but seldom used, equipment and skills

The Science

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Assets—owned by the organization

Resources—available, but not owned

Procurement is nearly always a strategic function

Some things can notbe obtained “off the shelf”

Pre-identified facilities

Pre-arranged loans & contracts

Reserve funds

Procurement

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Competes with the recovery function

Requires a diverse process encompassing both strategic and tactical means

Centralized— Supply dumps, staging areas, issue points

Decentralized— individual issue

Distribution

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Reactive

Resources Requested

Deployed Unit Anticipates

More Efficient

Based on actual consumption rate

Push or Pull?

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Push

Pull

  • Active
  • Resources Scheduled
  • Logistics Component
  • Less Efficient
  • Based on estimate of consumption due to operational tempo
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Required to ensure uninterrupted operations

Four “Rs”

Replenishment — consumables, including fuels

Replacement — equipment

Reliefs — personnel

Reconstitution — units

Sustainment

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Return of all equipment

Often requires collection, identification, repackaging, and re-palletizing

Mistakes made in distribution are manifested here

Capture of reimbursable information

Mileage, overtime, consumables, and so forth

Repair/Replenish/Return items for storage

Recovery

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More than any of the other functions, logistics will require specialized equipment and subject matter experts

Because much specialized equipment, and many subject matter experts, are outside the parent organization, a “reach back” capability is required

Memorandums of understanding, (MOU), Interagency agreements, prearranged contracts, reserve funds, etc.

Pre-identified Subject Matter Experts

Generally, there are six basic tasks for the logistics function.

Manning, Arming, Fueling, Fixing, Moving and Protecting

Basic Tasks

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Providing the right personnel for the job (pilots for aircraft, bus drivers for buses, etc.)

Posting people at the right place and time

Relieving personnel to maintain operations and avoid interruptions

Will require lead time to avoid tardiness

Will involve lag time to return to staging area and or transportation

Manning

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Providing the appropriate weapons, ammunition and equipment

Will require a “match-up”

Personnel and Weapons

Appropriately trained?

Currently qualified?

Weapons and Ammunition

Correct caliber?

Appropriate projectile? i.e., buckshot, slugs, blanks, etc.

Less Lethal munitions

Equipment

Magazines, night scopes, carrying cases, shipping containers, etc.

Arming

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Petroleum, oils and lubricants (POL) necessary for all engines (vehicles, helicopters, generators, etc.)

Includes consumable batteries for radios, flashlights, night vision equipment, etc almost always somewhat centralized and utilizes a “pull” system

Even when fuel trucks are used, individual vehicles typically refuel where truck is staged

Will require different grades and types, such as unleaded gasoline, fuel oil, aviation fuel, etc.

Fueling

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Ensuring all equipment remains operational

May require “contact teams” for field repairs

Almost always requires specialists

Electricians

Mechanics

Carpenters

Computer experts, and other specialized skills and trades

Fixing

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Moving personnel and materiel to where they are needed

Will often require dedicated vehicles

Buses, aircraft, heavy trucks, individual radio cars, etc.

Often requires specialized containers

Water Bulls (water trailers)

Smaller items may need to be palletized

Moving

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Safeguarding the command post, staging areas, and all equipment

Includes protecting weapons and equipment from weather and fire

Protecting personnel from hazards and unnecessary risks

Safety equipment, such as earplugs, eye protection, gloves, hard hats, masks, sun screen, etc.

Comfort equipment, such as rain suits, warm clothing, hot food, portable toilets, and the like

Protecting

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The first and foremost duty of logistical command is the welfare of the troops

Success of the entire logisticscomponent is often judged onthis single factor

The highest maintenance activity

Utilized or not,all personnel are consumers” and will require food, water, rest, and even comfort

Personnel

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Money is the “mother’s milk” of law enforcement tactical operations

Overtime payments will require detailed record keeping

Tracking hours worked is also critical to accomplish sustainment and avoid excessive fatigue

Disaster Fund reimbursements require detailed accounting of expenditures, including overtime, mileage and consumables

Finance

5

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Large law enforcement FCPs, are typically a logistics responsibility

Configuration

Control

Security

Staging areas are always a logistics responsibility

Quickly becomes the “kitchen” of the operational area

Field Command Posts & Staging Areas

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CrimeScene

FieldCommandPost

StagingArea

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Dedicated specifically to logistical function

Can easily become congested or in “harm’s” way and require coordination, protection and/or movement

Staging Areas

3

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Logistics will be required to support operations function

Will always require organization and protection

“De-confliction” requires constant attention

When selecting a site, always “think big!”

Field Command Posts

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