BUY GREENER, BE GREENER Colleges, Universities and Green Purchasing - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

herrod-watson
buy greener be greener colleges universities and green purchasing n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
BUY GREENER, BE GREENER Colleges, Universities and Green Purchasing PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
BUY GREENER, BE GREENER Colleges, Universities and Green Purchasing

play fullscreen
1 / 34
Download Presentation
BUY GREENER, BE GREENER Colleges, Universities and Green Purchasing
118 Views
Download Presentation

BUY GREENER, BE GREENER Colleges, Universities and Green Purchasing

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy BUY GREENER, BE GREENERColleges, Universities and Green Purchasing Adam J. Smargon, Doctoral Candidate University of Delaware Marriott Inn and Conference Center University of Maryland College Park, Maryland 16-17 April 2012

  2. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy The History of Green Purchasing During World War II, U.S. citizens were asked to: • ration paper and metal • grow food • join car-sharing clubs

  3. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy The History of Green Purchasing Resource conservation was the order of the day.

  4. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Global Trends • Global consumption spending has increased six-fold since 1950 • Every item we buy has hidden impacts on the natural environment or on human welfare • Items we buy require huge inputs of water, wood, energy, metals, and other resources • The wealthiest one-fifth of the world’s population owns 87 percent of all cars • One-fifth of humanity lives on less than a dollar a day

  5. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy So What Can We Do About This? • We can be intelligent about the raw materials needed to make things • We can re-work the manufacturing processes to use less energy • We can vote with our dollars to state what things we want and don’t want

  6. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Why Green Purchasing? Motivation: how environmental issues relate to people Administration: increasing efficiency • Reducing operational expenses • Reducing demand for natural resources • Lessening environmental impact • Leads to making money and/or saving money

  7. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Why Green Purchasing? The government needs to lead on this issue Japan and Denmark cities and counties in the United States ...but the potential for green purchasing still remains untapped public procurement is a tool in achieving public policy goals ...why not environmental concerns?

  8. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Why Green Purchasing? • “Completing the loop” • US EPA: multiple environmental attributes • recycled content • energy efficiency • low VOCs (volatile organic compounds) • reconditioned or remanufactured parts • bio-based materials • water use efficiency • product disassembly potential

  9. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy The Theory of Green Purchasing • Can achieve environmental policy goals while staying within budget constraints • Large scale users should be discriminating • Can redefine "purchasing power“ • Vendor policies can be changed for the better • Natural resources can be available longer • Good publicity for the supplier • “the responsible corporate neighbor” • Positive press can lead to increased sales

  10. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy The Theory of Green Purchasing • Contracts are negotiated and awarded by the purchasing departments of governments, schools, corporations, and other large organizations • screening the environmental impact of incoming commodities • screening for the possibilities of outgoing waste • Environmentally-Sensitive Contract • competitive bidding process • Kevin Lyons, Rutgers University (all three campuses)

  11. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy The Power of Procurement • the world’s institutions are significant consumers • institutions are important in building more sustainable markets • diverting even a small portion of institutional spending to more environmentally sound products and services can send a powerful message to the marketplace • governments: as much as 25% of GDP

  12. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy The Power of Procurement • businesses buy finished products, raw materials, and packaging • lengthy supply chains that span the globe • aggregate spending along supply chains far outweigh the consumption of finished products • universities: $250 billion in 2010 • equivalent to nearly 3% of U.S. GDP

  13. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy The Four Competitive Dimensions of Value Quality Dependability Flexibility Cost

  14. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy My Experience in Green Purchasing Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) Troy, New York RPI’s Green Purchasing Coordinator • experimental internship • no formal authority • no access to secured/proprietary data • all I had were my own gentle powers of persuasion

  15. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Recycled Paper When I started, only 3% of RPI bought recycled paper Paper is the most visible green product in offices any change in 3% would be a marked improvement increase knowledge about prices and availability on campus increase recycled paper use on campus as much as possible: educate the campus about the prices, availability, and quality The quality of recycled paper has improved over time…

  16. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Recycled Paper Executive Order 12873 Federal Acquisition, Recycling, and Waste Prevention signed in October 1993 by President Clinton The American federal government must buy and use recycled-content paper helped to establish and boost the recycled paper industry in the U.S. and around the world there are now more paper purchasing options in existence RPI gets to buy better recycled paper at cheaper prices RPI gets to buy many different kinds of energy-efficient goods

  17. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy The Recycled Paper Ultimatum “I want all of our future paper purchases changed permanently from virgin stock to recycled stock, and I want it at the same price as virgin stock… or I'm changing vendors.”

  18. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Recycled Paper • It’s easy in theory, but it was challenging in practice at RPI • I could not break contracts and change vendors • Different methods of on-campus delivery of boxes of paper • Should you buy paper elsewhere to sidestep the contract? NO! • Volume is diluted • Campus traffic is increased • Negotiation strength is weakened

  19. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Recycled Paper • There is probably an established relationship between your organization and the paper provider • All systems are firmly in place and are well-oiled machines I could not change paper providers I was lucky that RPI’s provider did offer recycled-content paper: Great White

  20. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Supply and Demand To increase demand, I contacted every department on campus; over one hundred financial managers have decentralized purchasing ability I gave them choices: • virgin and recycled • white and colored • letter size and legal size …with all the prices for every kind of paper.

  21. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Supply and Demand some were concerned about the extra cost per box some were concerned about the quality of the paper Reassurance: “18 departments on campus have already made the change from virgin paper to recycled paper…” Testimony: “A local city school district ran over two million pages on Great White with no problems at all…” I increased recycled paper use on campus from 3% to 38%... in only four months.

  22. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Energy Star EPA created Energy Star for “superior energy efficiency” “If you can reduce the amount of energy your product uses by at least half… then we will slap an Energy Star logo on your product.” motivator for the manufacturers customers will see it when they shop energy efficiency is one more criterion for American consumers to consider when buying products

  23. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Compact Fluorescent Lightbulbs (CFLs) 75% less energy than incandescent bulbs can last six to ten times longer incandescent bulbs operate at 350º F CFLs operate at 90º F I retrofitted my entire apartment with CFLs I save on my utility bill, month after month payback system: you pay more than normal up front, but long-term savings over time… it pays for itself in a few months the prices of CFLs have come down over time… save more if you buy in bulk 4-pack of 14-watt Sylvania CFLs are $6.97 at Home Depot: only $1.74 per bulb! You can recycle up to six CFLs per visit at IKEA, Ace Hardware, Home Depot, and True Value Hardware

  24. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy What to Buy? • Paint: low/no VOCs (volatile organic compounds) • Paper: high percentage of post-consumer recycled content • Compact fluorescent light bulbs • Appliances with the Energy Star label • Produce: organic, local, and in-season Fair Trade products Tea, chocolate, bananas, sugar, rice, olive oil, coffee, flowers, wine, vanilla, and spices

  25. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Meaningful Environmental Claims • What type of environmental claim is being made? • single environmental attribute vs. multiple attributes • Is a copy of the standard/protocol available for review? • Does it refer to appropriate national/international standards? • How was the standard/protocol developed? • Preferred: open, public, transparent processes (examples: ANSI, ASTM, ISO) • Who developed the standard/protocol? • Preferred: consensus-based process by broad stakeholder groups • What process is used to verify that the product meets the standard? • Self-certification • Self-certification with Random Audits • Independent Third-Party Certification • Independent Third-Party Certification with On-Site Audits

  26. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Driving Less… and Driving Better • Best: walk, use public transit, and/or use a bicycle • Better: purchase an electric car or a hybrid • Good: look for a car with excellent gas mileage • keep it tuned up: change spark plugs, air filters • appropriate levels of oil, antifreeze, washer fluid, other fluids • check the alignment and brakes / check your tire pressure • check your filters and systems • avoid fuel with alcohol in it

  27. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Paper or Plastic?

  28. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Paper or Plastic?

  29. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Paper or Plastic?

  30. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Paper or Plastic?

  31. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Paper or Plastic?

  32. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Furnishings Furniture Carpeting and interior decorations Chairs, desks, and other office equipment Draperies: organically grown cotton! Recycled Carpeting Example: Collins & Aikman

  33. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Less Toxic Alternatives to Common Products Ever read the back of cleaning bottles? borax instead of bleach vinegar instead of Windex club soda instead of a Shout wipe… baking soda has dozens of uses! for more information, search the ‘Net for “alternatives to toxic household products”

  34. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy BUY GREENER, BE GREENERColleges, Universities and Green Purchasing QUESTIONS AND COMMENTS Adam J. Smargon 302 561 4585 smargon@udel.edu