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Signs. Difficulty determining the meaning (idea content) of a simple sentence Difficulty learning to recognize written words Difficulty rhyming May occur in combination with writing or arithmetic learning problems.

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Difficulty determining the meaning (idea content) of a simple sentence

Difficulty learning to recognize written words

Difficulty rhyming

May occur in combination with writing or arithmetic learning problems


Most children with DRD have normal intelligence, and many have above-average intelligence.

The disorder is a specific information processing problem that is not connected with the ability to think or to understand complex ideas.


How do dyslexics react?

How dos it feel to be dyslexic? Ther ar peple of lo intelijnce ho ar satisfyd with ther achevemnts and think they ar doing very wel, being unaware of ther dificltis. Dyslexics no they ot to be able to do betr and ar frustrated. Som of them try ten times hardr than othr peple to acheve th same results.

Som giv up and withdraw, or they develop behavior problms because they cant do th work. Imahjin a boy of sevn and a haf ; he iz intelijnt, but he can not read or rite a singl word in a reading or speling test, and th scool puts it down az behavior dificltis. Wudnt anyone hav behavior dificltis if they had been at scool for two or thre years and stil cudnt read or rite a word? Lak of intelijnce was not th obstacl.


Because of their difficulties with reading, dyslexics have low self-esteem. The term "battered ego" is associated with dyslexic boys and girls.




How Does Reading Happen?

To understand dyslexia, it helps to understand reading.

Reading is a workout for your brain.

You need to do the following steps — and all at once:

1. Understand the way speech sounds make up words.

2. Focus on printed marks (letters and words).

3. Connect speech sounds to letters.

4. Blend letter sounds smoothly into words.

5. Control eye movements across the page.

6. Build images and ideas.

7. Compare new ideas with what is already known.

8. Store the ideas in memory.


Beginning with phonemic awareness, the recognition that each word is made up of separate sounds called "phonemes," this type of instruction tries to teach the child language as it relates to printed text from the most basic element up onward.


Ask the child how many "sounds" he hears in certain words.

For example "short" has 3 sounds

/sh/, /or/, /t/.

A simple one would be "see"... it has two sounds..

/s/ and /ee/

or "dog" which has 3 sounds

/d/, /o/, /g/.

The key is whether the child can relate letters to spoken sounds


A child or student can be assessed by:

-The school psychologist

-A hospital psychologist

-A psychologist in a private practice

-An objective distance assessment


Making Reading Easier

-The dyslexic child should do rough drafts and then correct it (with help from the teacher).

-Should not be asked to read aloud in front of the whole class

-Should be placed in front of the classroom

-It takes dyslexic children twice as long to copy things down.

-Praise small parts about their work


Accommodations for dyslexic students

Oral tests

Unlimited tests

Eliminate/reduce spelling tests

Don't force oral reading

Reduce homework load

Grade on content, not spelling

Reduce copying tasks


The child has trouble visually processing and hearing phonemes, so what do you do as a teacher?

Use a multi-sensory teaching approach!

Visual, that which you see

Auditory, that which you hear

Kinesthetic, the tactile ... where the child touches and handles objects.


Use cursive or handwriting

Use play-dough or clay

Use sandpaper