Ch 3 early african societies and the bantu migrations
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Ch. 3 Early African Societies and the Bantu Migrations. Bantu Migrations: 2000 BC-AD 1000. Nile Valley: 3,000 BC-2,000 BC. I. Egypt and Nubia: “gifts of the Nile.” Began to emerge around 4,000 BCE. A. The Nubians established a strong realm

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I. Egypt and Nubia: “gifts of the Nile.” Began to emerge around 4,000 BCE.

A. The Nubians established a strong realm

(Ta Seti) around 3400 BCE that lasted

until 3200 BCE.

B. The pharaoh, Menes, founded Memphis

and unified Egypt around 3100 BCE.

C. Egyptian chronology

1. Archaic Period (3100 BC-2660 BCE) and

Old Kingdom (2660 BC-2160 BCE).


a. Great pyramids of Giza built during emerge around 4,000 BCE.

the Old Kingdom; Khufu (Cheops)

is the largest. Egypt dominated

Nubia from 3000 to 2400 BCE.

The Nubians established the

Kingdom of Kush further to the

south.


Great pyramids of giza in egypt
Great Pyramids of Giza (in Egypt) emerge around 4,000 BCE.


Khufu
Khufu emerge around 4,000 BCE.


2. Middle Kingdom (2040-1640 BCE) emerge around 4,000 BCE.

a. Around 2040, the pharaohs regained

control after a period of instability.

b. The Hyksos (nomadic Semitic

people), aided by the use of bronze

weapons and chariots, conquered

Egypt in the 17th C. BCE.


3. New Kingdom (1550-1070 BCE) emerge around 4,000 BCE.

a. Under Tuthmosis III (1479-1425

BCE), the empire expanded south and

into the eastern Mediterranean.


4. After the New Kingdom, Egypt fell to a emerge around 4,000 BCE.

series of foreign conquerors.

a. In 760 BC, the Kingdom of Kush

ruled Egypt for a century.

b. In the mid-7th century, the Assyrians,

equipped with iron weapons,

conquered Egypt.


Imperial egypt 1400 bc

Imperial Egypt, 1400 BC emerge around 4,000 BCE.


What the ancients knew the egyptians
What the Ancients Knew: the Egyptians emerge around 4,000 BCE.


II. Egyptian religious traditions. emerge around 4,000 BCE.

A. Principal gods were the sun gods Amon

and Re.

B. Brief period of monotheism with the

worship of Aten. Pharoah Amenhotep IV

(reigned 1353-1335 BCE) changed his

name to Akhenaten and strongly

promoted the religion.


Re emerge around 4,000 BCE.


Akhenaten
Akhenaten emerge around 4,000 BCE.



Tutankhamun 1361 1352 bce
Tutankhamun (1361-1352 BCE) emerge around 4,000 BCE.


C. Cult of Osiris. emerge around 4,000 BCE.

1. Murdered by his brother Seth,

legend says that the devotion of

Osiris’ wife, Isis, inspired them to

restore Osiris to life (god of the

underworld).


Osiris
Osiris emerge around 4,000 BCE.


Isis osiris a pharoah horus
Isis, Osiris, a pharoah, Horus emerge around 4,000 BCE.


Bantu migrations 2000 bc ad 10001

Bantu Migrations: 2000 BC-AD 1000 emerge around 4,000 BCE.


III. Bantu migrations (3000-1000 BCE) and early sub-Saharan Africa.

A. The Bantu, a language group, moved south

and west into forest lands. By 1000 BC,

the Bantu occupied most of Africa south of

the equator.


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