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Types of Sentences. Declarative Sentences. Tell you a fact, make a statement, share an opinion or an observation . Some examples: The water is blue. I am looking at an underwater scene. That turtle looks very happy. I saw a sea turtle while I was snorkeling in Hawaii.

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declarative sentences
Declarative Sentences
  • Tell you a fact, make a statement, share an opinion or an observation.
  • Some examples:
    • The water is blue.
    • I am looking at an underwater scene.
    • That turtle looks very happy.
    • I saw a sea turtle while I was snorkeling in Hawaii.
interrogative sentences
Interrogative Sentences
  • Ask a question, and ALWAYS end in a question mark
  • Some examples:
    • Should we go on a field trip to this place?
    • What did you think of the palm trees?
    • Would you like to go to this beach?
    • Do they have a Starbucks location on this island?
    • Could you move over just a bit?
imperative sentences
Imperative Sentences
  • These are “must” sentences. They tell someone what they must do, or give a command. They can end in an exclamation point, but do not have to.
  • Some examples:
    • Give me that coffee.
    • Stop what you’re doing!
    • Don’t look at me like that.
    • Take me back to Switzerland.
    • Make me some Swiss fondue for dinner.
exclamatory sentences
Exclamatory Sentences
  • Exclamatory sentences: These sentences always end with an exclamation point, but are NOT imperative. These usually show excitement or high emotions.
  • Some examples:
    • I can’t wait for my birthday party!
    • What an adorable puppy!
    • This is the most beautiful view I’ve ever seen!
    • You are so irritating!
simple sentences
Simple Sentences

*Simple sentences have one subject (the noun part), and one predicate (the verb part).

Example:

SubjectPredicate

The boy auditioned for the show.

The students learned about sentences.

Axel stole my pillow last night.

Cory and I traveled to Santorini, Greece.

compound sentences
Compound Sentences

*Compound sentences are made up of more than one simple sentence. Compound sentences usually have coordinators (conjunctions) in between the simple sentences.

The coordinators(conjunctions) are as follows: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. (Helpful hint: The first letter of each of the coordinators spells FANBOYS.)

  • Examples:

I baked a cake, andthe guests devoured it.

You will write a story, andI will read it.

My dog is cute, buthe’s not very smart.

In Italy I ate pasta,andI visited the Colosseum.

complex sentences
Complex Sentences

*Complex sentences are made up of one simple sentence and a second simple sentence that depends on it in order to make sense.

Hint: A complex sentence always has a subordinator that tells us the second part relies on the first part (such as because, since, after, although, or when or a relative pronoun such as that, who, orwhich).

Afterthey finished studying, Sarah and Kayla went to the movies. 

The students are studying because they have a test tomorrow.

I am not giving additional homework, sinceyou all need to work on your stories.

This depends on the other part to make sense.

This can stand alone as its own idea.