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UNECE / ITC Joint ECE Committee on Trade and ITC High-level Segment June 18th, 2012 UNDP’s support of trade diversification in Wider Europe - Aid for Trade project United Nations Development Programme
UNDP and TRADE Linking trade with human development UNDP’s focus is to help developing countries: • build capacity to compete internationally by overcoming supply side constraints; • build capacity to negotiate, interpret and implement trade policies in a manner that prioritizes poverty reduction and human development; and • incorporate pro-poor, development-centered trade policies into national development strategies, including poverty reduction programmes.
Policy Advisory Services UNDP AfT Working Principles • Basic orientation: • Eradication of extreme poverty (UN MDG) • Promotion of trade and private sector as a tool for leveraging human development • Approaches: • Multi-level, multi-disciplinary • Promoting regional integration • Inclusive green, inequality-reducing economic growth • Balance between productivity, equality, sustainability, empowerment
Wider Europe - Aid for Trade Project Overview Donors: Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland Government of Luxembourg Implementation period: Phase I: 2009 – 2011 Phase II: 2011 – 2014 Budget: (in million Euro) Phase I: 1.8 Phase II: 4.7
Wider Europe - Aid for Trade Project Overview 11 countries in Central Asia, South Caucasus, Western CIS
Wider Europe - Aid for Trade Phase I AfT Need Assessment CA Economic development along transport corridors in CA for SME, farmers and associations AfT Need assessment Caucasus & WE
Wider Europe - Aid for Trade Phase II • Linking products with key markets along trade corridors • Business Development Centres : ARM, GEO, KAZ, KGZ, TAJ • Business training & SME advise : GEO, KAZ, KGZ, MDL, TAJ • Co-financing innovative investments : ARM, KAZ, KGZ, TAJ • Trade information: • business/exporters/investment guides : GEO, • online market places : ARM, KGZ, TAJ • Trade in services : GEO • Vocational skills : GEO • Environmental friendly production : KGZ, TAJ • Better use of trade opportunities • Electronic trading facility for light industry : BEL • Capacity development for fruit sector : MDL • Oblast trade strategy : TAJ • Trade policy – national export strategy, WTO tariff commitments, export financing : UKR
Wider Europe - Aid for Trade Phase II • Overcoming trade barriers • Informal trade barriers: research, dialogue process, information (GEO, MDL) • Trade Capacity Development • Local: oblast administration, staff of trade/business/information centers (ARM, GEO, TAJ, UKR) • Central Asia trilateral : governments, trade support agencies, entrepreneurial associations (KGZ, TAJ, UZB) • SMEs to benefit from trade • Application of new technologies, tools for better market access for SMEs (Central Asia – Western China) • FairTrade: certification, B2B, SME network, trade fairs (Central Asia)
CRS criteria AfT Project , Phase II • Integrated AfT approach – • strengthening productive base and • assist in implementing trade agreements • -- linking micro with meso and macro level: • TRADE POLICY AND REGULATIONS (TPR) • Trade Policy and administrative management (33110) • Oblast Trade Development Strategy (TAJ), Study on trade in Eastern KAZ, Study on state export finance (UKR) • Trade facilitation • Regional trade agreements (RTAs) • Multilateral trade negotiations • Trade education/training (33181) • Trade Capacity Development for oblast administration, staff of trade centers (ARM, GEO, TAJ, UKR), and Central Asia trilateral (KGZ, TAJ, UZB)
CRS criteria AfT Project , Phase II • Integrated AfT approach • TRADE DEVELOPMENT (TD) • Building productive capacity (33210) • Banking and finance (240xx) • Business support services and institutions (25010) • Business Development Centres : ARM, GEO, KAZ, KGZ, TAJ • Business training & SME advise: GEO, KAZ, KGZ, MDL, TAJ • Trade information: • business/exporters/investment guides GEO • online market places ARM, KGZ, TAJ • Trade in services : GEO • Vocational skills : GEO • Environmental friendly production : KGZ, TAJ • ECONOMIC INFRASTRUCTURE (EI)
CRS criteria AfT Project , Phase II • Integrated AfT approach • BUILDING PRODUCTIVE CAPACITY (BPC) • Banking and Financial Services (24010 to 24081) • Co-financing innovative investments : ARM, KAZ, KGZ, TAJ • Business and other Services (25010-20) • market and trade information centres: ARM, GEO, KAZ, KGZ, TAJ • Capacity development for associations: ARM, KAZ, KGZ, MLD, TAJ, UZB; proposed : UKR • Agriculture(31110 to 31195) • value addition by introducing eco-friendly new technologies: clay-wall greenhouses, organic manure, producing and storage of fruits • Forestry • Fishing • Industry • Mineral resources and mining • Tourism(33210) • Training of tourism service providers: GEO • TRADE RELATED ADJUSTMENTS (TRA)
TRADE and HUMAN DEVELOPMENT UNIT Scaling up UNDP’s substantive support to Aid for Trade and the Enhanced Integrated Framework (corporate resource center for trade and development) • How? • Mainstreaming trade (policy; institutional; international • cooperation) • Human Development Impact Assessmentof Trade and Investments Policies • Develop capacities of trade related institutions • (Capacity Development) • Support UNDP’s regional and national programming • towards enhancing competitiveness (private sector development portfolio) • Facilitating UN coordination (CEB Cluster, SCTD, etc.)
REGIONAL CENTER for EUROPE AND CIS Bratislava, Slovakia http://europeandcis.undp.org/poverty http://akvo.org/rsr/project/305/ firstname.lastname@example.org TRADE & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT UNIT Geneva, Switzerland www.undp.org/poverty/focus_trade_ip_migration.shtml www.undp.org/geneva/trade.html email@example.com