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Political Realignment in the South

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  1. Political Realignment in the South The Significance of States’ Rights and Civil Rights In Shattering the Democrats’ “Solid South”

  2. The Politics of the Old South • The pre-Civil War period and Slavery • South-North Polarization • The post-Reconstruction South: Democratic Dominance 1880-1920 Racism of Southern Democratic Party Voting Restrictions and Corrupt Elections

  3. The “Solid Democratic South” • V.O. Key Southern Politics In State and Nation (1949) • FDR and the New Deal 1932-1944 • The Democratic Party: States’ Rights/Civil Rights Dispute • 1948 Election: “out of the shadow of states’ rights”…?

  4. 1948 Revolt • Dixiecrat (States’ Rights) Party Thurmond-Wright ticket • Deep South Loyalty: MS 87%, AL 80%, SC 72%, LA 49% • Effect of ’48: Three trends in Presidential Voting • 1952 Revival: Stevenson-Sparkman

  5. DemocratsandCivilRights • The National Party embraces Civil Rights movement 1950s and 1960s • Kennedy administration and King • President Lyndon Baines Johnson: “Champion for Federal Desegregation”

  6. 1964 • The Civil Rights Act • Barry Goldwater and States’ Rights • Southern Response: MS, AL, SC, LA, GA vote Republican • “Solid South” broken over Race issues

  7. Party identification in the South, 1952-1984

  8. 1968 • Southern Revolt against Great Society • Wallace and the American Independent Party • Humphrey 31% of Southern Vote

  9. The South after 1968 • Since 1972, South voted for Republicans in most Presidential elections • 1976 Election • Clinton-Gore 1992 and 1996 • “Split-level Realignment” Kevin Phillips (1969)

  10. The Current Southern Electorate • Democratic Party limited to some local successes • Dealignment: 1952-1964 Elections • Realignment: 1968-1980 Elections • Racial Divide in Presidential Voting • Democrats’ “Solid South” is now Republicans’ “Key to Victory”