Fredric Jones:Positive Discipline Model By Lacey Head and Brittany Vance
Definition • According to Fredric Jones, classroom discipline is “the business of enforcing classroom standards and building patterns of cooperation to maximize learning and minimize disruptions.” • In order to make Positive Discipline successful, these four components are needed: limit setting, omission training, positive training, and backup system.
Teacher’s responsibility • Teachers must model appropriate behavior and use proper classroom management techniques. • Teachers must respect students in order to get respect from them in return. • If a teacher acts mature then the student will more than likely model the teacher’s behavior. • Teachers need to organize classroom furniture to maximize mobility and accessibility to students. • Teachers need to establish control in the classroom by using body language such as eye contact, physical proximity, facial expression, and body carriage.
Continued… • Teachers should provide incentives for students so that they have motivation to get work completed. • A teacher needs to provide a back up system. • In Jones’s words, “a back-up system is a series of responses designed to meet force with force so that the uglier the student’s behavior becomes, the deeper he or she digs his or her hole with no escape.” • Some examples are: warning, conference with student, time-out, loss of privileges, being sent to the office, detention, conference with parent, in school/out of school suspension (three days), expulsion.
Continued… • Not only do good teachers tell students how they should act, but they demonstrate appropriate behavior in all of their interactions and daily routines. Be the example.
Student responsibility • If the teacher is doing his or her job by setting an appropriate example for students, then the students will duplicate that behavior in their own lives.
Key terms • Limit Setting- Actions that the teacher takes to stop a student’s inappropriate behavior and to prompt the student to on-task behavior through the use of body language. • Responsibility Training- A system for ensuring positive cooperation in the classroom. • Omission Training- The individualized incentive program that encourages defiant students through the omission of unwanted behavior. • Backup system- System of consequences that we explained before.
Pros and cons of model • We were trying to think of a con to this model, but we feel that every teacher should act this way naturally. • If a student refuses to follow the teacher’s lead in setting an example then the backup plan will come into effect. • We feel that even though this plan may have flaws, it is a great plan to enforce in the classroom because it covers such a wide array of issues.
random facts: • Jones found that 50% of classroom time is lost due to student misbehavior and being off task. • 80% of lost time is due to talking without permission. • 19% is lost to daydreaming, students being out of their seats, making noise, etc. • 1% is lost due to more serious behaviors such as fighting.