american history chapter 18 world war ii americans at war l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
American History Chapter 18: World War II: Americans at War PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
American History Chapter 18: World War II: Americans at War

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 23

American History Chapter 18: World War II: Americans at War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 213 Views
  • Uploaded on

American History Chapter 18: World War II: Americans at War. III. The Holocaust. Bell Ringer. Define genocide. Besides the holocaust – when else has genocide occurred? What are some synonyms of holocaust?. Objectives. In what ways did Germany persecute Jews in the 1930s?

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'American History Chapter 18: World War II: Americans at War' - helmut


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
bell ringer
Bell Ringer
  • Define genocide.
  • Besides the holocaust – when else has genocide occurred?
  • What are some synonyms of holocaust?
objectives
Objectives
  • In what ways did Germany persecute Jews in the 1930s?
  • How did Germany's policies toward Jews develop from murder into genocide?
herman goering
Herman Goering
  • Head of the police and Gestapo
  • Head of the Luftwaffe
rudolph hess
Rudolph Hess
  • Deputy Fuhrer
  • Crash landed in Britain in 1941
  • Murdered in Spandau prison in 1989
heinrich himmler
Heinrich Himmler
  • Head of the SS
ernst roehm
Ernst Roehm
  • Head of SA
joseph goebbels
Joseph Goebbels
  • Head of Propaganda
martin bormann
Martin Bormann
  • Hitler’s Secretary
albert speer
Albert Speer
  • Minister of the Interior
a setting the scene
A) Setting the Scene
  • Aryans are German people
  • Semites are Arabs and Jews
  • anti-Semitism: discrimination, hostility, and violence directed at Jews
  • Quote 609
b persecution in germany
B) Persecution in Germany
  • 1933 Hitler makes ant-Semitism the official policy of Germany
  • Holocaust: Nazi Germany's systematic murder of European Jews.
  • 6 million Jews – 6 million other
a nazi policies
a) Nazi Policies
  • Boycotts of Jew businesses
  • Nuremberg Laws took German citizenship
  • Jews and non-Jews no marriage
  • 1938 lost businesses
  • Doctors and lawyers forbidden to work for non-Jews
  • Identity cards – Sarah and Israel – letter J on clothing
b hitler s police
b) Hitler’s Police
  • SS – Schutzstaffel – “black shirts”
  • Gestapo – German secret police
  • Concentration camps: place where political prisoners and “undesirables” are confined. Harsh.
  • Communists, Jews, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witness, Gypsies, and homeless
c kristallnacht
c) Kristallnacht
  • German thugs throughout Germany and Austria looted and destroyed Jewish stores, houses, and synagogues
  • Kristallnacht – night of broken glass
  • Fined the Jews to pay for damage
d refugees seek an escape
d) Refugees Seek an Escape
  • Jews tried to get out of Germany – allowed but most recaptured later
  • US did not allow more Jews into country
c from murder to genocide
C) From Murder to Genocide
  • Ghettos – self contained areas surrounded by wall and guards where Jews forced to live

14) Warsaw Ghetto: ghetto in the capital of Poland for Jews

a the einsatzgruppen
a) The Einsatzgruppen
  • Special action squads/mobile killing squads
  • Babi Yar – killed 33,000 Jews in 2 days
  • Wannsee Conference: where the final solution to the Jewish question was created
  • Genocide: deliberate destruction of an entire ethnic or cultural group
b the death camps
b) The Death Camps
  • Zyklon B poison gas most efficient way to kill people
  • 6 camps built in Poland – EZ
  • Death Camps – mass murder camps
  • 2 biggest Auschwitz (1.5 mil) and Majdanek
  • Young and old killed – rest worked to death
  • Death chambers disguised as shower rooms
  • Cruel medical experiments
  • SS unit – Totenkopfverbande (Death Head Units) man the camps
c fighting back
c) Fighting Back
  • 1943 uprising at Treblinka death camp closed it for days
  • Warsaw Ghetto uprising – Jews received info that they were being killed – 50,000 Jews held out for 27 days
d rescue and liberation
d) Rescue and Liberation
  • US knew about camps by 1942 but did little
  • Denmark – all 8,000 Jews smuggled out to Sweden
  • War Refugee Board: program that tried to help save people threatened by the Nazis
  • US troops stumbled upon camps
  • Nuremberg Trials: international military tribune conducted by the allies that convicted Nazis of War crimes
  • “following orders”
review
Review
  • In what ways did Germany persecute Jews in the 1930s
  • How did Germany’s polices toward Jews develop from murder into genocide?