WORD FAMILIES Salva Bañuls Javi Martínez
Introduction • Word families are groups of words that are sufficiently closely related to each other to form a 'family'. • Words can be grouped into families in two main ways: • they are similar in form; • their meanings are related. • Here are two examples of form-based word families: • word - wordy - word (verb) - wording - word-list … (but not: worth, worry) • family - familiar - unfamiliar - familiarity - familiarise… (but not: famine, famous)
Introduction • Each of these families is bonded by a common root word, although the resultant connections of meaning are also an important bonding feature. • Two examples of meaning-based word families: • big - little - size • dog - puppy - kennel
Word Families • Word Forms • Word families tests how well you know the various types of words that can be made from one word. A word can go from noun to verb to adjective to adverb by changing the ending of the word.
Word Families • Remember the common word endings used to make the different kinds of words: • Noun: -ance, -ancy, -ence, -ation, -ian, -ism, -ment, -ness , -ship, -or, -er • Verb: -en, -ify, -ize, -ish • Adjective: -able, -ible, -al, -ful, -ive, -ous • Adverb: -ly, -ward, -wise
Word Families • Example: • Finale (noun, thing) -> finalist (noun, person) -> finalize (verb) -> final (adjective) -> finally (adverb) • achieve (verb) = achievement (noun)happy (adjective) = happiness (noun)beautiful (adjective) = beautifully (adverb)eat (verb) = edible (adjective)
dedication dedicate dedicated demonstration demonstrate demonstrable dominance dominate dominant imagination imagine imaginative improvement improve improved inform information informative organization organize organized production produce productive significance signify significant behavior behave behavioral