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Integration under ACA: Carving-in or Carving-out ?. Mental Health America’s Regional Policy Council Forum at the National Press Club Washington, DC December 12, 2003 Charles Curie, The Curie Group, LLC Presenter. The PA Story, in the beginning….

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integration under aca carving in or carving out
Integration under ACA: Carving-in or Carving-out?

Mental Health America’s

Regional Policy Council

Forum at the National Press Club

Washington, DC

December 12, 2003

Charles Curie,

The Curie Group, LLC

Presenter

the pa story in the beginning
The PA Story, in the beginning…

“I Love it when a plan comes together !”

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

in the beginning
In the beginning….
  • HealthPass in Philadelphia (demonstration model).
  • Voluntary Managed Care in Southeast.
    • Physical Health Managed Care Organizations subcontract for BH services.
    • “Third Leg of Profit;” money did not reach individual; huge profits.
    • Philadelphia Inquirer expose.
  • Primarily FFS in remainder of state.
    • Integrated; all FFS.
    • No care management.
    • Increased costs.
    • No coordination.
  • Setting the stage for HealthChoices.
    • Ridge Administration, legislature/bi-partisan support and implementation of Behavioral Health/HealthChoices.

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

healthchoices program key features
HealthChoices Program:Key Features
  • State Plan Services, cost-effective alternatives and supplemental services available.
  • Consumer/Family Satisfaction Team (C/FST) in every contract.
  • Reinvestment of savings at the local level; must be committed to behavioral health and targeted to Medicaid population.
  • Performance measurement system.

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

healthchoices today
HealthChoices Today
  • Program is statewide; 10 years to fully implement.
  • BH program began in 1997; phased in through 2007.
    • 43 counties (joinders/multi-counties) accepted the right of first opportunity; mixture of ASO and county risk-sharing arrangements.
    • 23 counties (rural): state contract; 1 county (southwest zone): state contract.
  • Five current BHMCO contractors/subcontractors.
  • Unified systems strategy to support programs across all funding streams, including closure of state hospitals, and children in dependency, delinquency system.

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

healthchoices goals
HealthChoices Goals
  • Increase access.
  • Improve quality of services.
  • Stabilize Medicaid funding.

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

pennsylvania behavioral health healthchoices program
Pennsylvania Behavioral HealthHealthChoices Program
  • Managed program costs below anticipated fee-for-service trend; administrative costs are low.
    • Four billion dollars in savings.
  • Continues to serve more people and has maintained a focus on those with the most need.
    • Access exceeds national benchmarks for persons with serious mental illness.
  • Continues to provide a wider array of services in less restrictive settings.
    • Increased drug and alcohol provider network by over 500 programs.
  • Reinvestment opportunities have sparked innovative practices and cost effective alternatives to current practices.
    • Less restrictive alternative services increased by 400%.

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

improving access
Improving Access
  • Increased the number of people served.
  • Maintained commitment to serving persons with serious mental illness.
  • Provider networks expanded; able to access beyond county/state borders.
  • Drug and alcohol services increase as program matures.
  • Responsive cost effective alternative services (supplemental) developed.

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

improving quality
Improving Quality
  • In PA, role of county government has been critical to the success of the program.
  • C/FSTs feedback increasingly influencing local systems.
  • Extensive QM program; identify barriers and implement performance improvement.
  • Innovative program development has occurred.
  • Performance Base Contracting project report allows statewide comparisons.

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

financial management
Financial Management
  • Rate Setting
    • Methodology updated as program matured.
    • Incorporated risk-sharing arrangements in new zones to increase financial predictability.
    • Moved from FFS data to MCO encounter data to reflect program’s managed care experience.
      • Encounter data allows for detailed analysis required by initiatives such as provider profiling, supplemental services, and program dashboard.
    • Explicit profit/reinvestment component is not built into the rates, rather profit/reinvestment is gained via efficient care management or other program efficiencies.

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

healthchoices savings
HealthChoices Savings

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

systems redesign
Systems Redesign

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

integration
Integration??

“As we consider how to realize the integration of behavioral health services with general healthcare, we need to be careful not to rush to integrated care without thoroughly considering what we want to gain and clearly identifying what we do not want to lose.”

Charles Curie

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

what are the facts
What are the facts?
  • People with behavioral health conditions are at higher risk for physical illness and disability, and the cost of medical care for them is, on average, much higher than the cost of medical care for people without behavioral health conditions (United Hospital Fund in New York City report).
  • Medicaid recipients with mental health conditions are30-60% more likely to have hypertension, heart disease, pulmonary disorders, diabetes, and dementia.
  • People with substance abuse conditions are 50-300% more likely to have heart disease, pulmonary disorders, and HIV/AIDs.

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

physical behavioral health
Physical /Behavioral Health

Behavioral health is a part of overall health; good health outcomes are important to an individual’s recovery.

Integration of good health habits, prevention activities, and specific physical health interventions are best achieved through local collaborations and navigator systems.

Good health outcomes can be achieved within the existing PA behavioral health system design.

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

physical behavioral health1
Physical /Behavioral Health

Projects supporting integration of services and supports for individuals with physical health (medical) and behavioral health needs happening across the state in urban, rural, and suburban settings.

Co-locations; collaborations; shared staff models; health home development; shared health records.

PA collaboration with the Center for Health Care Strategies.

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

integrated care in pennsylvania
Integrated Care in Pennsylvania

HealthChoices Health Connections

  • An innovative model to better integrate physical and behavioral health care for the identified population.
  • Demonstrate outcomes improvements.
  • Reduce health care costs.
  • Document the process for replication.

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

bh driven integrated health home
BH Driven Integrated Health Home

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

bhmco focused problem solving children psychotropic drugs
BHMCO Focused Problem Solving: Children & Psychotropic Drugs
  • Children & youth are being treated with psychotropic medications that have only been approved through clinical trials with adults.
  • Children and youth are still developing. Little is known about the impact of medications on their development.
  • Many children & youth are taking multiple medications without benefit of positive outcomes. The use of multiple prescriptions increases the likelihood of drug interactions and other adverse effects.
  • Side effects include weight gain, cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance, neurological and other issues.
  • Medications can prevent the development of psychosocial strategies and interpersonal skills.
  • Inappropriate use of medications can lead to false expectations from family, school personnel, and other caretakers.

19

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

the issue continued
The Issue, continued…
  • Children & youth die as the result of inappropriate psychotropic medication
  • Psychotropic meds have become a new source of supplemental income
  • Psychotropic meds are related to crime & violence
  • Psychotropic meds may be treating the prescriber rather than the patient!

The issue is everybody’s business!

20

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

action item
Action Item:

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

is legislation a help or hindrance
Is legislation a help or hindrance?
  • Should primary care physicians be required to obtain a second opinion from a child psychiatrist or psychiatrist before prescribing psychotropics to children or youth?
  • Should health plans be required to institute prior authorization for prescribing psychotropics to kids?
  • Should off-label prescribing be prohibited entirely?
  • Can health plans be required to monitor off-label prescribing of these medications?
  • Can pharma be required to produce easy-to-understand guides for parents regarding medications?
  • Could medical boards require courses in psychopharmacology and mental health first aid as a requirement for license renewal?

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

specialty bh managed care
Specialty BH Managed Care
  • Structure of accountability addressing the needs of people and children with the most serious and persistent disorders
  • Access to quality, appropriate care
  • Implementation of evidence-based services
  • Cost containment = sustainability
  • Learn from BHMC carve-outs

The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013