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Overview of Foundations. of Early Childhood Education. What We Know About Young Children. Cognitive. Need for concreteness Short attention span Learns by doing; must construct own learning Is pre-logical Needs opportunities for thinking and imagination. Linguistic.

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overview of foundations

Overview of Foundations

of Early Childhood Education

cognitive
Cognitive
  • Need for concreteness
  • Short attention span
  • Learns by doing; must construct own learning
  • Is pre-logical
  • Needs opportunities for thinking and imagination
linguistic
Linguistic
  • Needs foundations of literacy, not literacy itself
  • Needs opportunities for self-expression
  • Needs listening skills
  • Needs print and communication rich environment
affective
Affective
  • Vague beginning understanding of feelings
  • Needs to learn to accept, express, release, control them
  • Needs senses of self-esteem and individuality
  • Needs self-motivation and independence
  • Needs opportunities for creativity
  • Needs help with patience
social
Social
  • Needs help being introduced to social skills
  • Basically egocentric
  • Is pre-moral
  • Needs to belong as part of a model community
  • Needs healthy set of values
  • Appreciation of diversity
  • Benefits from small groups
physical
Physical
  • Difficulty sitting for long periods
  • Fine motor skills/eye-hand coordination just developing
  • Needs multi-sensory learning
how young children learn
How Young Children Learn
  • This is based on brain research, the theories of Piaget and Gardner, Developmentally Appropriate Practice, et al
subliminal message power points are fun and exciting
Subliminal message: Power Points are fun and exciting

Subliminal message: Power Points are fun and exciting

Subliminal message: Power Points are fun and exciting

developmentally appropriate practice
Developmentally Appropriate Practice
  • Age Appropriate
  • Stage Appropriate
  • Individually Appropriate
  • Culturally Appropriate
priorities for curriculum development
Priorities for Curriculum Development

CognitiveAffective

Thinking Skills Self-Esteem

Imagination Self-Awareness/Individuality

Attention Span Self-Control/Patience

Language Development Self-Expression

Emotional Health

SocialCreativity

Social Skills (sharing, cooperation, communication,

group membership, conflict resolution) Physical

Values (respect, responsibility, non-violence, caring, Fine Motor/Eye-Hand Development

acceptance) Sensory Perception Development

Appreciation of Diversity Health

one appropriate daily schedule
One Appropriate Daily Schedule

9:00 Greeting Time

9:10 Free Play Time

10:10 Clean-Up Time

10:20 Snack Time

10:40 Group Time

11:00 Transition to Outside Time

11:05 Outside Time

11:55 Preparation for Lunch

12:00 Lunch Time

12:25 Transition to Nap Time

12:30 Nap Time

2:20 Transition Out of Nap Time

2:30 Snack Time

2:45 Closure

2:55 Pick Up Begins