JEOPARDY #1 Civil Rights & Civil Liberties. GROUPIES - 100. Interest group which represents the rights of older Americans. GROUPIES - 100. What is the AARP?. GROUPIES - 200. Of these, the group which may be classified and discriminated against on any reasonable basis:
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Interest group which represents the rights of older Americans
What is the AARP?
Of these, the group which may be classified and discriminated against on any reasonable basis:
Blacks, Latinos, the disabled, women, or older Americans
What is “older Americans”?
What is classification by race?
Of these, the group which has had the fewest of its members elected to the U.S. Senate:
Women, blacks, Asian-Pacific Islanders, Latinos, or Native Americans
What is “Native Americans”?
Hardwick v. GA,
Romer v. Evans, &
Lawrence v. Texas
What are cases that deal with the civil rights of homosexuals?
According to its provisions,“Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State on account of sex.”
What is the ERA – Equal Righs Amendment?
According to Thomas Jefferson, it was created by the 1st Amendment’s “Establishment Clause”
What is the “Wall of Separation” between church and state?
Test set by Schenck v. U.S. for balancing freedom of speech and national security
What is the “clear and pressent danger” test?
Rule for judging segregation set by Plessy v. Ferguson
What is “separate but equal”?
According to the 1st Amendment, “Congress shall make NO law” abridging these five freedoms.
What are freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly, and petition?
Requires the government to charge or release a prisoner
What is habeas corpus?
Means nobody can be punished for a crime committed before a law against it was passed
What is the prohibition of ex post facto criminal laws?
protected in Tinker v. Des Moines and Texas v. Johnson
What is symbolic speech?
Prohibited by the 4th Amendment
What are “unreasonable searches and seizures”?
Right protected by Griswold v. CT and Roe v. Wade
What is the right to privacy?
Required by Miranda v. Arizona (1966) in order to protect this right in this amendment; upheld by
Dickerson v. U.S. (2000)
What is the reading of rights to a suspect in order to protect the 5th Amendment guarantee against self-incrimination?
Issue which raised questions about this 8th Amendment right in these cases:
Furman v. GA (1972)
Gregg v. GA (1976)
Atkins v. VA (2002)
Roper v. Simmons (2005)
What is the death penalty and cruel and unusual punishment?
Amendment & right at issue in
Powell v. Alabama
Betts v. Brady
Gideon v. Wainwright
Argersinger v. Hamlin
What is the 6th Amendment right to counsel?
Amendment, right, and rule addressed in
Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
U.S. v. Payner
Nix v. Williams (1984)
U.S. v. Leon (1984)
AZ v. Evans (1995)
What are the 4th Amendment guarantee against unreasonable searches and seizures and the exclusionary rule?
General and specific focus of
Tinker v. Des Moines (1969) &
Texas v. Johnson (1989)
Constitutional protections against government
What are civil liberties?
Laws which allow reporters to protect their sources
What are shield laws?
The way most cases are disposed of
What is by means of plea bargain?
Substantive and Procedural
What are two kinds of due process?
The legal standard for libel
What is “actual malice”?
Supreme Court says it’s not protected by the 1st amendment, but declined to define it, leaving that up to community standards
What is obscenity?
Right at issue in
Roe v. Wade
Planned Parenthood v. Casey
Webster v. Reproductive Health Services
What are abortion rights?
What is the application of the rights contained in the Bill of Rights to the states on a cases by case basis?
What is the Lemon Test established in Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)?
Gitlow v. New York (1925)
What was the first case to apply any part of the Bill of Rights to the states?