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A Brief Overview of Child Care in Wisconsin. Wisconsin Child Care Summit October 22, 2013 Dave Edie Policy Analyst Wisconsin Council on Children and Families. Major Trends in WI Child Care. Growth in regulated child care: Response to surge in working parents 1949 - 2013

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a brief overview of child care in wisconsin
A Brief Overview of Child Care in Wisconsin

Wisconsin Child Care Summit

October 22, 2013

Dave Edie

Policy Analyst

Wisconsin Council on Children and Families

major trends in wi child care
Major Trends in WI Child Care
  • Growth in regulated child care: Response to surge in working parents1949 - 2013
  • Welfare reform and WI Shares

1996- 2008

  • Launch of YoungStar & Cost Saving in WI Shares

2009- 2013

1 growth in regulated care 1949 1996
1. Growth in Regulated Care 1949-1996
  • Child Care Licensing: 1949 Law

Purpose: to protect and promote health, safety and welfare of children

  • Certification began in the 1970s for programs not required to be licensed but received child care subsidies: to protect children’s health and safety
surge in working parents
Surge in Working Parents
  • 1970: about 40% of children under age 6 had working mothers
  • Huge shift: now 73% of children under age 6 have all available parents in the work force

4th highest in the country

2 welfare reform and wi shares 1996 2008
2. Welfare Reform and WI Shares1996-2008
  • From 1949 to 1970: few subsidies
  • Licensing was only major public involvement in the private child care market
  • By 1970s & 1980s, child care subsidies began to grow, primarily for children at risk
  • WI Shares: Big surge with welfare reform in the mid- 1990s, helping working families
  • Now 48,000 children served per month, an increase of 30,000
key early efforts to improve quality
Key early efforts to improve quality

Quality efforts :

  • TEACH scholarships and REWARD wage supplements
  • Helping programs get accredited
  • Centers of Excellence
  • Training and TA
  • Child Care Resource and Referral
child care food program
Child Care Food Program
  • By 1996 over 4,000 family child care programs were participating in the child care food program
  • May have been the peak for participation
slide11
Launch of YoungStar & Cost Saving in WI SharesLaunch of YoungStar/3. Launch of YoungStar/ Cost Savings in WI Shares 2009-2013

Last 5 years:

  • Surge in focus on improving child care quality via YoungStar
  • Major reductions in WI Shares
youngstar a quality rating and improvement system
YoungStar: A quality rating and improvement system

Vision:

  • 5-star rating, based on quality indicators
  • All programs receiving WI Shares must participate
  • Higher pay for higher quality
  • Supports to help programs improve:
    • Scholarships, training, TA, micro-grants
youngstar progress
YoungStar Progress
  • YoungStar finally passed in the 2009-11 budget, and continued in the Walker administration
  • Huge effort: 4,500 programs participating serving over 45,000 children
  • Major shift to quality:
    • New focus on quality
    • Fast progress: already 65% of WI Shares children in 3-5 Star programs
recent trends in wi shares
Recent Trends in WI Shares
  • Fraud scandals & program integrity
  • Key cost-saving measures:
    • Frozen rates since 2006
    • 5% cut for 2-Star programs under YoungStar
    • Pay for attended days only: for family child care and increasing for group child care centers
    • Budget has dropped over $100 million per year
  • Frozen rates now unthawed, with modest increases in 2013-14
implications for cacfp
Implications for CACFP
  • These and other factors have contributed to a significant decline in family child care participation in the food program
  • Public policy: struggle between restraints on spending and promoting a healthy start for kids