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TSP Number 052-E-1005 Comply with host nation, federal, state and local environmental protection laws and regulations. July 2008. Terminal Learning Objective. ACTION: Comply with host nation, federal, state and local environmental protection laws and regulations.

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TSP Number 052-E-1005Comply with host nation, federal, state and local environmental protection laws and regulations

July 2008

Terminal Learning Objective

  • ACTION: Comply with host nation, federal, state and local environmental protection laws and regulations.

  • CONDITION: As a Soldier performing assigned duties in a garrison, training or deployed environment, and given access to environmental guidance provided in the references.

  • STANDARD: Comply with environmental legal requirements by implementing specific environmental duties during mission activities, applying environmentally sustainable practices to common activities and taking the appropriate course of action in the absence of guidance.

Safety, Risk andEnvironmental Concerns

  • Safety Requirements: None

  • Risk Assessment Level: Low

  • Environmental Considerations: Training entirely of an administrative nature, with little or no environmental impact


  • TM 38-410 Storage and Handling of Hazardous Material

  • FM 3-100.4 Environmental Considerations in Military Operations

  • TC 3-34.489 The Soldier and the Environment

  • FM 5-19 Composite Risk Management

  • AR 200-1 Environmental Protection & Enhancement

  • The Army Strategy for the Environment

  • 29 CFR Labor (Occupational Safety and Health Act)

  • 40 CFR Protection of the Environment

  • 49 CFR Transportation

Learning objective 1
Learning Objective #1

  • Describe a Soldier’s specific environmental duties

Soldier environmental duties
Soldier Environmental Duties

  • Comply with federal, state, host nation environmental regulations, Army regulations, installation/local and unit environmental policies and SOPs

  • Protect resources by supporting the installation environmental Management System (eMS) or Sustainability Program, practicing hazardous waste minimization, pollution prevention, and resource conservation

  • Respond to HM/HW spills immediately

  • Report as required

Hierarchy of laws regulations
Hierarchy of Laws & Regulations

  • Federal/DoD/Army

  • Host Nation

  • State

  • Local/Installation

Federal laws
Federal Laws

  • National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA-1969)

  • Resource Conservation Recovery Act (RCRA)

  • Clean Water Act

  • Clean Air Act

  • National Historic Preservation Act

  • Endangered Species Act

  • Noise Control Act

Federal Environmental Laws

  • National Environmental Protection Act –NEPA

    • Any federal action requires that the proponent conduct an analysis to see if there are impacts to the environment.

    • Often considered an “umbrella” law because it encompasses the other environmental laws.

  • Soldiers comply with the NEPA by-

    • By conducting Risk Assessments. • By following environmental SOPs, Laws and Regulations.

Federal Environmental Laws

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)

  • Primary HW reference is 40 CFR 260-279

  • RCRA regulates the generation, transportation, treatment, storage and disposal of solid and hazardous waste.

  • Massive and complex regulation

  • Known as the “Cradle to Grave” Act

  • Soldiers comply with the RCRA by-

    • Proper disposal of chemicals, solvents, and HW. • Accumulating HW in approved containers. • Reporting any spills of HW to their chain of command. • Proper bagging, storage and disposal of medical waste.

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)






Subtitle C



Subtitle D






Federal environmental laws
Federal EnvironmentalLaws

Clean Water Act (CWA)

Soldiers comply with the CWA by-

• Disposal of chemicals, solvents, and HW properly.

• Washing vehicles in approved wash racks only.

• Cleaning up spills in the work area immediately.

• Reporting spills to the chain of command.

Federal environmental laws1
Federal EnvironmentalLaws

Clean Air Act (CAA)

Soldiers comply with the CAA by-

• Checking with range control before using gas or smoke.

• Observing local fire and burning restrictions.

• Keeping solvent vats closed when not in use.

• Maintaining and operating equipment properly to minimize air pollution.

Federal EnvironmentalLaws

 National Historic PreservationAct (NHPA)

Soldiers comply with the NHPA by-

• Reporting the discovery of artifacts

and sites to the chain of command.

• Reporting any damages to historical,

cultural and archeological sites.

• Leaving sites undisturbed. Don’t take “souvenirs”.

Federal environmental laws2
Federal EnvironmentalLaws

Threatened/Endangered Species http://www.redlist.org

 Endangered Species Act (ESA)

Soldiers comply with the ESA by-

• Recognizing signs and markers for

protected areas.

• Avoiding habitat areas during

all operations.

• Following installation regulations.

• Obeying range control regulations for cutting brush and trees for camouflage.

Greater Spotted Eagle

Federal environmental laws3
Federal Environmental Laws

 Noise Control Act (NCA)

Soldiers comply with the NCA by-

• Avoiding creating unnecessary noise.

• Respecting noise-buffer zones, minimum flight altitudes, no-fly zones, and nighttime curfews designated by the installation.

Host nation environmental laws
Host Nation Environmental Laws

Comply with host nation and international environmental laws:

• More or less stringent

• Final Governing Standards (FGS)

• Basel Convention Signatory

• Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA)

State environmental laws
State Environmental Laws

  • Comply with state environmental regulations.

    • Most States have Primacy

    • State laws can be more stringent than federal laws


  • Comply with installation/local and unit environmental policies and SOPs.

    • Regional planning areas, counties, cities/town can have specific additional requirements.

    • Each installation has an environmental policy issued by the post commander (environmental Management System- eMS or Sustainability Program).

    • Every unit/organization should have an environmental SOP.

Installation environmental Management System (eMS) or Sustainability Program

  • Recycling/Salvage

  • Conservation

  • Waste Minimization

  • eMS or Sustainability Training

  • Alternative transportation

  • Alternative energy sources

  • Sustainability

Army guidance
Army Guidance Sustainability Program

  • The Army environmental regulation.

    • AR 200-1 (13 Dec 2007)

Army environmental strategy sustain the mission secure the future
Army Environmental Strategy Sustainability Program“Sustain the Mission – Secure the Future”

  • Foster a Sustainable Ethic

  • Strengthen Army Operations

  • Meet Test, Training and Mission requirements

  • Minimize Impacts and Total Ownership Costs

  • Enhance Well-Being

  • Drive Innovation

Operational Guidance Sustainability Program

  • Comply with Operations Orders (OPORDs), or Operations Plans (OPLANs)

    • Joint: Annex L

    • Army: Annex L


  • Follow the Overseas Environmental Baseline Guidance Document (OEBGD)

  • Use FM 3-100.4 Environmental Considerations in Military Operations for practical guidance

Spill drill
SPILL DRILL Sustainability Program

This is the basic SPILL DRILLbut every unit should have a tailored plan depending on the liquid hazards found in the unit.

Learning Objective #2 Sustainability ProgramLegal Issues

  • Individuals and unit commanders can be held personally liable for violating environmental laws and regulations.

  • States and Federal agencies can levy fines.

  • Host Nations can hold the USA liable.

  • Negative publicity can harm the Army image.

Penalties Sustainability Program

  • ENVIRONMENTAL PENALTIES: Federal and state environmental regulatory agencies can impose penalties on the Army for violating environmental laws. These penalties include fines, increased monitoring and intervention by environmental regulators, and damage awards from lawsuits.

  • A Soldier who violates environmental laws or allows others to do so can be prosecuted by military authorities under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) or in federal district court. If convicted of environmental violations, the Soldier can receive fines up to $50,000 per day of violation and imprisonment up to two years.

  • DoD fines for FY 2007 totaled $566,545 which was a decrease from $1.2 million in FY 2006.

Consequences of Noncompliance Sustainability Program

  • It can have a negative impact on your overall mission.

  • It can cause irreparable damage to the environment where you live and train.

  • It can fracture the Army – Community relationship.

Learning objective 3
Learning Objective #3 Sustainability Program

  • Identify the responsibilities for managing a unit environmental program

Army environmental program commander s responsibilities

  • -Comply with environmental legal requirements. Sustainability Program

  • -Instill an environmental ethic

  • -Incorporate environmental responsibilities and risk management into unit SOPs/OPORDs

  • -Integrate environmental considerations into all unit operations

  • -Ensure personnel receive required environmental training

  • -Appoint and train environmental officers at appropriate organizational levels.

  • -Report noncompliance and spills

  • -Support installation eMS/Sustainabililty Program

Army Regulation 200-1

Environmental Quality

Environmental Protection and Enhancement


Department of the Army

Washington, DC

13 Dec 2007


Army Environmental ProgramCommander’s Responsibilities

Environmental officer
Environmental Officer Sustainability Program

  • Appointment Orders

  • Training

  • Runs the Unit Environmental Program

  • Coordination in planning and risk assessments

Team training
Team Training Sustainability Program

  • Ensure that key personnel/teams are trained

  • This training should include:

    • Spill prevention/response

    • Hazardous waste operations and emergency response

    • Personal Protective Equipment and first aid for exposure

    • Environmental compliance officer training

    • Specific environmental laws, regulations, and treaties

    • HM/HW handling, storage, transport

    • MSDS recognition and use

    • Field sanitation

    • Satellite Accumulation Points

    • Cultural, historic, religious sites; endangered species

    • Pollution Prevention

Unit environmental program
Unit Environmental Program Sustainability Program

  • An Environmental Officer/Alternate

  • Required references

  • Awareness Training

  • Unit SOP which includes an environmental section

  • Trained Environmental Teams

  • Spill Kits

  • Personal Protective Equipment

  • Unit Self Assessment

  • Environmental files and records

Environmental training sources
Environmental Training Sources Sustainability Program

  • Installation Environmental Training Courses

    • Environmental Officer

    • Spill Team Training

    • Field Sanitation

  • Resident Training Courses

    • Army Logistics Management College, Fort Lee

    • Defense Logistics Agency, Fort Belvoir

    • Corps of Engineers Professional Development Center, Huntsville

  • Online Courses

    • Environmental Officer Course, MANSCEN Blackboard

    • Army e-Learning Skillsoft website

    • USAES-DEI website Product Catalog

  • Army Correspondence Course Program (ACCP).

  • TRADOC Critical Common Tasks (5 Environmental Tasks)

Learning Objective #4 Sustainability ProgramUnit Self Assessment

  • Demonstrate use of the Environmental Checklists in Appendix A, Table A-1 of TC 3-34.489 The Soldier and the Environment to conduct a unit self assessment.

Vehicle maintenance
Vehicle Maintenance Sustainability Program

  • Maintain vehicles and equipment in accordance with (IAW) TM specifications

  • Clean up spills immediately

  • Collect used rags in a dirty rags container

  • Collect used dry-sweep compound for reuse

  • Recycle solvents and coolants

  • Return damaged parts and assemblies to the supply facility for rebuilding or recycling

  • Place drip pans, diapers, or absorbents under vehicles

  • Locate waste accumulation containers close to the source of the waste products

  • Label and date waste accumulation containers

Weapons maintenance
Weapons Maintenance Sustainability Program

  • Dispose of contaminated patches and cleaning equipment properly

  • Reuse cleaning equipment and lubricant containers when possible

  • Purchase lubricants in bulk, and refill smaller containers

  • Recycle cleaning solvents

  • Keep the lids on solvent vats closed when not in use

Cbrn maintenance
CBRN Maintenance Sustainability Program

  • Keep a copy of the applicable MSDS for each HM on hand in a binder

  • Collect HM (used filters, decontamination materials, and cleaning solutions at the point of generation, and dispose of them properly

  • Mark and turn in damaged equipment

  • Reuse mask carriers and cleaning equipment

  • Store STB containers in separate locations that are dry and well ventilated

  • Dispose of HW and batteries according to the unit SOP

  • Turn in excess repair parts so that other units can use them

  • Dispose of out-of-date, chemical-agent kits properly as HW

Supply storage transportation
Supply, Storage, Transportation Sustainability Program

  • Substitute less hazardous solvents and cleaning solutions where permitted (use “green” cleaning supplies)

  • Select items that have less packaging to dispose of

  • Take leftover items (such as paint or excess parts) to the installation reissue center

  • Store materials according to MSDS guidelines

  • Keep a copy of the applicable MSDS for each HM on hand in a binder

  • Label and date new supplies

  • Place new supplies to the back of the storage area (First In – First Out)

  • Avoid stockpiling or keeping items around “just in case they are needed

  • Keep recycling containers free of trash and garbage

  • Turn in excess or damaged repair parts and tools as stated in the unit maintenance or supply SOP

  • Turn in excess paint, solvents, cleaners, and supplies to the installation supply point

  • Implement a shelf life watch program

Supply storage transportation continued
Supply, Storage, Transportation Sustainability Program(continued)

  • Purchase cleaning solvents and lubricants in bulk, and refill smaller containers as needed

  • Recycle materials as required by the installation recycling program

  • Reuse containers when possible

  • Dispose of solid waste and HW according to local policy

  • Purchase cleaning solvents and lubricants in bulk, and refill smaller containers as needed

  • Transport paint, solvents, cleaners, and other HW and HM safely as required by existing requirements. Ensure that there are proper placards and that appropriate spill-containment equipment is with the vehicle

Refueling operations
Refueling Operations Sustainability Program

  • Report spills immediately

  • Ensure that a properly stocked spill kit and PPE are readily available

  • Place the refueling nozzle in a drip pan, not on the ground

  • Place drip pans, diapers, or absorbent material (such as floor sweep) under vehicles when refueling

  • Place fuel cans in a drip pan for refueling or storage

  • Ensure that each refueling vehicle has at least two fire extinguishers

  • Ensure that potable water is available for emergency eye washing

  • Reuse overpack drums to transfer contaminated soil

  • Recycle used or contaminated POL products

  • Dispose of contaminated soil and absorbents according to installation policy

Field sanitation mess
Field Sanitation/Mess Sustainability Program

  • Enforce the use of field latrines instead of expedients such as “catholes”

  • Collect litter and solid waste at the source (mess site, aid station, or issue point)

  • Segregate the wastes

  • Store perishable items (such as food) properly to reduce spoilage

  • Reuse waste accumulation containers

  • Ensure that waste accumulation containers have lids that keep out weather and pests

Maneuver damage control
Maneuver Damage Control Sustainability Program

  • Identify environmental risks before going to the field as part of Composite Risk Management

  • Brief personnel on maneuver damage considerations and minimization measures

  • Develop a plan to minimize or eliminate environmental risks

  • Identify areas that contain threatened or endangered species

  • Observe convoy restrictions

  • Cross streams and ditches only at approved crossing points

  • Drive carefully in forested areas to avoid damaging vegetation

  • Drive only on approved road or trails

  • Avoid unnecessary noise by not revving engines

  • Use camouflage netting instead of live vegetation

  • Reuse wire, barrier materials, and sandbags

  • Recycle materials at collection points

Weapons/Demo Training Sustainability Program

  • Check with range control for artillery noise-buffer zones near the installation

  • Check with airfield operations concerning no-fly zones

  • Adhere to nighttime-gunnery curfews

  • Keep demolitions below the maximum permissible weight specified by range control

  • Avoid excessive vehicle noise when homes are located near range roads

  • Use the forest and the terrain as buffers between noisy training and noise-sensitive areas

  • Aim firearms away from noise-sensitive areas

  • Avoid detonating large charges when the wind is blowing from the demolition grounds towards noise-sensitive sites or when temperature inversions are likely to be present

  • Avoid making noise in the habitat of endangered species

  • Respect noise-buffer zones and altitude restrictions in forest-service land or other areas of exceptional quiet

  • Police up all brass and packaging material

Base camp and installation operations
Base Camp and Installation Operations Sustainability Program

  • Establishing base camps and occupying existing facilities such as ports and airfields requires extensive integration of environmental considerations.

  • These sites, sometimes approaching the size of small cities, require tremendous allocations of resources.

  • They generate waste in quantities similar to small cities, only without the existing infrastructure to support them.

  • HM/HW management in base camps is a key issue.

Hazardous Material Sustainability Program

  • Any material, including waste, that may pose an unreasonable risk to health, safety, property, or the environment

Common Hazardous Material Sustainability Program

  • Alcohol

  • Antifreeze

  • Batteries

  • Paint

  • Solvent

  • Cleaning supplies

  • Fuel

  • Super Tropical Bleach

  • Field sanitation kits

  • Fuel antifreeze

Hazardous Material Identification Sustainability Program

  • Check the container label.

  • Check the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).

  • Check the DOD Hazardous Material Information Resource System (HMIRS). http://www.dlis.dla.mil/hmirs/

  • Check with the supply officer, chain of command, installation environmental office (garrison), base camp management team or safety officer.

  • Call the manufacturer.

Material Safety Data Sheets Sustainability Program

If you have never seen a MSDS, take a minute to look at one.

Page 1 of 7




959 ROUTE 46 EAST CHEMTREC 1-800-424-9300







UN 1595; STCC 4933322; MAT07750; RTECS WS8225000

CHEMICAL FAMILY: organic, sulfates

CREATION DATE: Jan 24 1989

REVISION DATE: Jun 17 2004



CAS NUMBER: 77-78-1





COLOR: colorless


ODOR: faint odor, onion odor

MAJOR HEALTH HAZARDS: potentially fatal if inhaled, harmful if swallowed, respiratory tract burns,

skin burns, eye burns, mucous membrane burns, suspect cancer hazard (in animals)

General Rules for Managing HM Sustainability Program

  • Use non-hazardous substitutes when possible.

  • Have an MSDS for every HM.

  • Do not mix different HM together.

  • Do not stockpile HM.

  • Consolidate storage of HM.

  • Inspect HM storage areas weekly.

  • Prevent spills.

  • Ensure availability of PPE.

  • Follow first in, first out rule.

  • Implement shelf life program.

  • Maintain an inventory list.

General Rules for Managing HM Sustainability Program(continued)

  • Ensure labels are legible.

  • Ensure lids are tight, containers are marked, labeled and visible to the observer.

  • Provide secondary containment.

  • Store flammable and reactive materials in accordance with regulations away from the property line.

  • Secure containers.

Hazardous Waste Management Sustainability Program

  • Have you seen something like this?

  • Think about the impact.

Waste Determination Sustainability Program

There are three ways a waste

can be regulated as hazardous:

  • Meets the definition of one or more of the hazardous waste characteristics. The four characteristics are ignitable, corrosive, reactive and toxic.

  • Is listed by EPA as a hazardous waste in 40 CFR 261.

  • Prior knowledge, e.g. testing

Expires Sustainability Program

By Law





HM Transformation to HW

Common Facility/Unit Waste Streams Sustainability Program

  • Contaminated oil

  • Used batteries and acid

  • Used solvents

  • Contaminated fuels, when non-recyclable

  • Discarded fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides

  • Expired or discarded paints, inks, acids and oxidizers

  • Mixed waste

  • Used brake fluids

  • Used filters

  • Discarded explosives

  • Lead tire weights and battery connectors

  • Weapons cleaning material (all)

  • Painting material

  • Expired shelf-life material

Hazardous Waste Mismanagement Sustainability Program

  • Mismanagement increases liability and cost:

    • If you don’t know what it is, and it has to be tested, expect a cost of $1,000 for a lab test.

    • Mismanagement creates a negative public image.

  • Don’t guess when it comes to HW management; call the Environmental Office (garrison) or the appropriate environmental contact (base camp management team for Contingency Operations)

  • Know where waste streams are generated, and follow established SOPs and regulations.

Personnel Requirements Sustainability Program

  • Training for personnel


    -Accumulation site managers


    -Spill or clean up teams

  • Some of this training will require update/ refresher training.

  • Certification must be kept on file.

  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

    -Available for personnel

    -Training on PPE use and maintenance

Filling Containers Sustainability Program

  • Waste deposited in containers must be compatible with the container (ex. Don’t put corrosives in metal containers.)

  • Check for headspace to allow expansion.

  • Do not mix waste without direction. Examples of segregated waste:

    • Used oil, hydraulic, and brake fluids

    • Solvents

    • Paints and thinners

    • Acids

Container Management Sustainability Program

  • HM/HW containers musthave proper shipping name.

  • HM/HW container must be marked and labeled according to directives.

  • Mark the name and addressof either the sender orreceiver.

  • Use the original container,to the extent possible, to accumulate and transport HM/HW.

Container Management Sustainability Program(continued)

  • Do not overfill containers.

  • Do not stack drums morethan 2 high.

  • Do not stack flammables.

  • Ensure there are at least3 feet between containers(aisle space).

  • Inspect containers routinely.

Container Management Sustainability Program(continued)

  • Protect containers from weather.

  • Store in approved cabinets, rooms and buildings.

  • Ensure containers have lids and are kept closed when not being filled.

Empty Containers Sustainability Program

  • Use empty HM containers to accumulate the same resultant HW.

  • Remove or paint old markings and labels to avoid confusion about the contents and turn in in accordance with SOP.

  • Annotate all documentation pertaining to the contents (tracking number).

General HW Accumulation Requirements Sustainability Program

  • Countdown starts with the first drop of materialin accumulation, check your SOP.

  • Practice Good Housekeeping.

    • Segregation

    • Secondary containment

    • Adequate aisle space

  • Inspect weekly for leaks/deterioration.

  • Annotate on accumulation log.

  • Accumulate by characteristics and separate by a dike, berm or wall in main accumulation area.

Dla recommended hw segregation
DLA Recommended HW Segregation Sustainability Program

Satellite Accumulation Point Sustainability Program

  • Containers cannot be larger than 55 gallons or 1 quart for acute HW.

  • Containers are located near the HW point of origin.

  • Containers controlled by generator.

  • Containers must be clearly marked.

  • Containers must be dated once

    first drop of waste is put in the


  • Full containers must be turned in

    within 72 hours (includes

    non-business days).

Learning objective 5
Learning Objective #5 Sustainability Program

  • Integrate environmental considerations in pre-deployment

Pre deployment
Pre-Deployment Sustainability Program

  • In Pre-deployment, environmental considerations should be included in:

    • Mission analysis

    • Training

    • Logistics planning

Mission analysis
Mission Analysis Sustainability Program

  • Information gathering on specific countries within the Area of Operations (AO)

  • Include environmental considerations in risk assessment for conducting operations

  • Integration of environmental considerations into specific plans (Laws, treaties, regulations, FGS; critical habitats; sensitive sites; environmental health hazards; types of industries, agriculture, natural resources present)

Intelligence preparation of the battlefield ipb
Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield (IPB) Sustainability Program

  • Environmental considerations may include:

    • Industrial factories that emit, produce, or store Toxic Industrial Materials (TIMS)

    • Location of oil and gas pipelines

    • Known sites of contamination

    • Endangered species or critical habitats

    • Potential weapons of mass destruction sites

    • Potential targets that the enemy may attack to inflict environmental damage or health hazards

    • Environmentally sensitive areas

    • Historic, cultural, or religious sites or structures

Training Sustainability Program

  • Pre-deployment environmental training

  • Educational controls developed in Risk Assessment (example: spill drills)

  • Team cross training

Mobilization training or combat training centers
Mobilization Training or Combat Training Centers Sustainability Program

  • Coordinate with local environmental personnel and range officers

  • Ensure your personnel are briefed/trained on site-specific issues

    • Off-limits/limited access areas

    • Specified range requirements

    • Permit limitations

    • Waste management

    • Clean-up/Check-out requirements

Logistics planning
Logistics Planning Sustainability Program

  • Procurement

    • Hazardous Materials (HM)

    • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

    • Spill kits

  • Storage

  • Transportation

Rear detachment
Rear Detachment Sustainability Program

  • Trained environmental personnel

  • Appropriate equipment

Transportation Sustainability Program

  • Preparing vehicles and equipment for shipping (Unit Movement Officer)

  • Identifying HM/HW

  • HM must be packaged and labeled IAW SOP and DOT regulations (may include special UN requirements).

  • Need a HAZMAT Certified person to certify loads.

  • Ensure correct documentation is on hand

Transportation Sustainability Program

Transportation Sustainability Program

Learning objective 6
Learning Objective #6 Sustainability Program

  • Integrate environmental considerations in full spectrum operations

Full spectrum operations
Full Spectrum Operations Sustainability Program

  • Military operations cause significant impacts on the environment

  • Some of the impact is unavoidable

  • Commanders must seek to minimize impacts

  • Reduction and mitigation of environmental damage serves to support US goals

  • Protecting the environment and health of military and civilian personnel reduces:

    • Long term reconstruction or remediation and medical costs

    • Supports information operations

    • Aligns with US national values

    • May encourage local support

Unidentified Hazardous Waste Sustainability Program

Solid Waste Sustainability Program

Air Quality Sustainability Program

USTs Sustainability Program / ASTs

Asbestos Sustainability Program

PCBs Sustainability Program

Water Sustainability Program

Overview of Reports Sustainability Program

  • Environmental Baseline Survey (EBS)

  • Environmental Health Site Assessment (EHSA)

  • Environmental Condition Report (ECR)

Similar to a Real Estate Appraisal Sustainability Program

Primary purposes

Force health protection

Avoid potential financial and legal liabilities

Entire survey process occurs in 3 stages

Initial EBS

Environmental Conditions Report (ECR)

Environmental Site Closure Survey & other Reporting

Environmental Baseline Survey (EBS)

Document existing (Baseline/Initial) environmental condition of the property and adjacent areas

Visual site inspection and sampling

Hazardous Waste




Hazardous Materials

Natural/Cultural Resources

Previous Use


Environmental Health Site Assessment (EHSA) of the property and adjacent areas

  • Initial and Follow-on Assessments

    • Contamination

    • Disease vectors

    • Environmental Health Risks

  • Availability

    • Local Preventative Medicine Office

    • Command Surgeon

  • Prepared by

    • U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine (CHPPM)

Environmental Conditions Report of the property and adjacent areas

  • Amends or updates existing EBS

  • Records:

    • Any new information or findings

    • Environmental incidences that have occurred

    • Relief in Place (RIP)/Transfer of Authority (TOA) Environmental Status (Complete prior to RIP)

    • Change in use of facilities

    • Expansion of base camp

      • Brief addendum to EBS

    • Spills and After Action Documentation

    • Landfill/burn pits

    • Hazmat/Hazwaste siting

Learning objective 7
Learning Objective #7 of the property and adjacent areas

  • Integrate environmental considerations for sustainment

Sustainment of the property and adjacent areas

  • The military’s concern for environmental considerations must extend throughout the operation.

  • As U.S. forces establish base camps, continue to pursue combat operations, and conduct security operations, environmental considerations must be integrated into plans and daily operations.

Sustainment of the property and adjacent areas

Waste Streams at Base Camps

Sustainment solid waste
Sustainment – Solid Waste of the property and adjacent areas

Sustainment solid waste1
Sustainment – Solid Waste of the property and adjacent areas

  • Providing adequate number of bins with lids and disposable plastic refuse bags is crucial to maintaining hygiene standards.

  • Waste to be collected and stored until collection can be arranged and transported to the existing landfill site.

  • The designated unit will collect refuse bags and transport to the main landfill.

  • Trucks/trailers transporting waste MUST BE COVERED to ensure that no rubbish is blown off during transportation.

Sustainment grey water
Sustainment – Grey Water of the property and adjacent areas

  • Ensure proper drainage of shower/bath runoff to prevent pooling.

  • Do not dispose of grey water from mobile showers in a water way or dry riverbed.

  • Dig delta formation furrows to spread water flow over a larger surface for fast evaporation.

  • Collect residue from soaps when dry crust is formed and dispose of with contaminated soil.

Sustainment grey water1
Sustainment- Grey Water of the property and adjacent areas

Sustainment human waste
Sustainment – Human Waste of the property and adjacent areas

Medical waste disposal issues
Medical Waste Disposal Issues of the property and adjacent areas


  • Medical waste in solid waste burn pits

  • Medical waste in landfills

  • Medical waste in trash dumpsters


  • Incomplete medical waste incineration

  • Medical waste found after site transfer/closure

medical waste in

burn pit

Medical waste disposal issues1
Medical Waste Disposal Issues of the property and adjacent areas

  • Segregate medical waste from non-medical waste at the point of generation.

  • Place medical waste in properly labeled, durable plastic bags or rigid sharps containers and place into sturdy, properly labeled outer packaging and transport container.

  • Ensure bins that can seal are made available at ladies sanitary facilities to be disposed of as medical waste

  • Store collected medical waste in a secure manner in a designated area with proper signage

  • Wear proper protective clothing when handling medical waste

  • Sealed containers are to be segregated for transport and turned in for proper disposal

Reconstruction of the property and adjacent areas

  • Environmental Considerations

    • Environmental hazards

      • Asbestos

      • Polychlorinated Biphenols (PCBs)

      • Lead-Based Paint (schools, child care)

    • Site Assessment

      • Historic/Cultural Resources

      • Threatened and endangered species

Learning objective 8
Learning Objective #8 of the property and adjacent areas

  • Integrate environmental considerations in redeployment

Redeployment of the property and adjacent areas

  • As military forces redeploy, they must address large quantities of waste and materials.

  • In some cases, forces may hand over material to replacement units or to the local government.

  • Forces may need to clean up any contamination resulting from the activities of US forces.

  • Planners must include the time, forces, and material resources in their redeployment planning.

Transportation of the property and adjacent areas

  • Moving vehicles, equipment, and material to the home station are subject to the same requirements as initial deployment.

  • Equipment must be inspected, and personnel must address proper safety, legal, and administrative issues.

  • Plan to prevent the transport of prohibited materials which include:

    • War trophies

    • Possible biological contaminants such as foreign plants and insects.

    • Hazardous materials or hazardous wastes

Environmental Site Closure of the property and adjacent areas

  • Documents the condition of the site when we turn it back over to the host nation.

    • Known or suspected environmental contamination

    • Location of buried wastes per SOP

    • Digital photographs

    • Detailed information

  • Identifies remediation requirements.

    • Intent to restore conditions

  • Intention: Give it back as good or better than you found it.

Learning Objective #9 of the property and adjacent areasIn the Absence of Supervision

Describe your actions in the absence of supervision or guidance pertaining to environmental legal requirements:

- Apply your environmental training

- Apply published guidance from chain of command

- Apply personal concept of right and wrong

Environmental ethic
Environmental Ethic of the property and adjacent areas

  • Inform chain of command of any violations or concerns with environmental regulatory requirements

    • Supervisor

    • Unit Environmental Officer

    • Commander

  • Do the right thing and it will help the Army to

    “Sustain the Mission – Secure the future.”

Terminal Learning Objective of the property and adjacent areas

  • ACTION: Comply with host nation, federal, state and local environmental protection laws and regulations.

  • CONDITION: As a Soldier performing assigned duties in a garrison, training or deployed environment, and given access to environmental guidance provided in the references.

  • STANDARD: Comply with environmental legal requirements by implementing specific environmental duties during mission activities, applying environmentally sustainable practices to common activities and taking the appropriate course of action in the absence of guidance.


QUESTIONS? of the property and adjacent areas

US Army Engineer School Directorate of Environmental Integration

Email: leon.usaesdei@conus.army.mil

Phone: 573.329.1931

Website: http://www.wood.army.mil/dei