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Unit 21 Karl Marx Lesson 81

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Unit 21 Karl Marx Lesson 81. What have you found hard to learn in English? listening, speaking, reading, or writing? Or other things like verbs, sentence structure, spelling, pronunciation?. Question for listening --- What does Yang Mei find hard in learning English?

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What have you found hard to learn in English? listening, speaking, reading, or writing? Or other things like verbs, sentence structure, spelling, pronunciation?

Question for listening

--- What does Yang Mei find hard in learning English?

--- She finds idioms and useful expressions hard to learn.

  • What idioms can you find in the dialogue?

Idioms in this lesson:

(have a cold;

catch a cold;

cut up;

get on with;

cut down;

of one’s own;

in front of; )

idiom:n.phrase with its special meaning;


Multiple choice:

  • How are Yang Mei’s English lessons getting on?
  • A. Badly. B. Quite good. C. Quite bad. D. Quite well.
  • 2. Which is wrong?
  • A. Yang Mei knows the differences between “have a cold”
  • and “catch a cold”.
  • B. Yang Mei makes her grammar better but she finds it
  • hard to learn idioms and useful expressions.
  • C. Not all the little words have their own meanings.
  • D. There are differences between “cut this tree down”
  • and “cut this tree up”.

( D )


If you meet with a new word, you’d better ______.

  • A. stop reading in order to look up the word in the
  • dictionary
  • B. ask your teacher about it
  • C. try to guess the meaning
  • d. ask your deskmate about it


1. Yang Mei is having a talk with her teacher ….

have + n.



have a lesson

/ meeting

/ discussion

/ word with sb;

an operation

/ outing;

We will have a get-together on May Day.

2. How are you getting on (with your English)?

(进行; 进展;)


your work

your business


How are your studies getting on?


How is your work getting on?



--- I’m getting on well/ nicely/badly/ etc. with…


It is getting on well / nicely / badly.


More sentences about GET ON
  • She got on her bike and rode off.
  • You can’t get on without money in this world.
  • We get on together like old friends
  • It’s getting on. We’d better go home.

3. …, but I find idioms and useful expressions hard to learn.

find + 宾语 + 宾补


I find the text easy to learn.

He found it a difficult book.

I found the lesson boring.

I find the door closed.


4. Not really.


It is not difficult, really.

Quite well, thank you.


I’m getting on quite well.


--- Would you come to my house?

--- Not today. Maybe tomorrow.


I won’t go today. Maybe I’ll go tomorrow.

5. … little words have meanings of their own.

n. + of one’s own

one’s own + n.;



Jack has a car of his own.


Jack has his own car.

We have got a dictionary of our own now.

We have got our own dictionary now.



6. … he came across a woodcutter.

come across:

1. meet or find unexpectedly

or by chance;


I came across him one day last week.

I came across that picture in a little shop.

2. come over; cross;


While I was walking in the street yesterday, a friend

of mine came across to talk to me.

… came across (the street) to talk to me.



come upon:

meet or find by chance;


We came upon this idiom in a story.

… came across ….


7. cut down/ cut up

cut down:

make fall by cutting;

cut up:

cut into small pieces;



cut off:


by cutting;


He cut off a branch from a tree.

Don’t cut the tree down.

You can … and then ….

cut sth open:

make an opening in sth;


He fell down from the tree and cut his head open.

He received a letter and

cut it open with a knife.

8. …, with lots of small pieces of wood in front of him.





The guard stood in front of the gate,

with a gun in his hand.

The dog is walking on the bridge,

with a piece of meat in its mouth.

oral practice
Oral practice
  • Yang Mei finds idioms and useful expressions hard to learn. Do you agree? Please give examples to show why you agree or disagree.
  • What did the wood cutter really mean by saying “I’m cutting this tree up?”
  • Why do you think Sara tells this story to Yang Mei? What does he want to show by using this example?