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OBJECTIVE: Review for Final. FINISH YOUR STUDY GUIDE!!!!. Final Exam Study Guide. 1. How do thunderstorms form ?. Warm moist air rises forcefully Water vapor condenses providing energy for the storm Updrafts and downdrafts maintain storms energy Storm dissipates when it runs out of energy.

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objective review for final
OBJECTIVE: Review for Final
  • FINISH YOUR STUDY GUIDE!!!!
1 how do thunderstorms form
1. How do thunderstorms form?
  • Warm moist air rises forcefully
  • Water vapor condenses providing energy for the storm
  • Updrafts and downdrafts maintain storms energy
  • Storm dissipates when it runs out of energy
2 where do they form
2. Where do they form?
  • Along cold fronts
3 how is lightning created
3. How is lightning created?
  • Electrical discharge between two oppositely charged surfaces.
4 where can lightning travel
4. Where can lightning travel?
  • From one part of the cloud to another part
  • From one cloud to another cloud
  • From cloud to ground
5 what is thunder
5. What is thunder?
  • Rapidly expanding and contracting air from the lightning bolt creates sound waves
7 what is a supercell
7. What is a supercell?
  • Powerful thunderstorm that can produce tornadoes
8 how do tornadoes form
8. How do tornadoes form?
  • Warm and cold air meet and rotates horizontally
  • Updrafts push column of air vertical
  • Rotating air descends it picks up dirt and debris
9 what is a hurricane how do they form
9. What is a hurricane? How do they form?
  • Massive tropical cyclone that forms over warm waters, with extremely strong winds and rain
  • Water vapor evaporating and then condensing within the storm gives it energy
  • As clusters of thunderstorms strengthen, they begin to rotate
10 where do each of these tropical cyclone form
10. Where do each of these tropical cyclone form?
  • Cyclone
  • Hurricane
  • Typhoon
  • Indian Ocean
  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Pacific Ocean
11 what is the rainband of hurricane
11. What is the rainband of hurricane?
  • Region of heavy thunderstorms beyond the eyewall that spiral outward from the center of a hurricane
12 what is the coriolis effect
12. What is the Coriolis Effect?
  • Spiraling of winds due to the Earth’s rotation
13 what is the eye of the hurricane and what is the pressure there high or low
13. What is the eye of the hurricane? And what is the pressure there (high or low)?
  • Circular region located at the center of a hurricane
  • Warm air is rising, creating a low pressure zone
  • Surrounded by the eyewall which is the most destructive part of a hurricane.
14 what is global warming
14. What is global warming?
  • A gradual increase in average global temperature
  • Due to:
    • Burning of fossil fuels
    • Extra heat in the atmosphere
    • Greenhouse Effect trapping more heat than normal
  • Normally a natural process, but humans are speeding it up, thus making it worse.
16 what is wind
16. What is wind?
  • Movement of air from high to low pressure
17 what are the three phases of matter describe each phase
17. What are the three phases of matter? Describe each phase.
  • Solid
    • particles are barely moving
    • Substances hold their own shape and do not flow
  • Liquid
    • particles are moving slowly
    • Substances take on the shape of their container and flow
  • Gas
    • Particles are moving quickly
    • Substance fills the shape of it’s container and flows
18 what is the fujita scale
18. What is the Fujita Scale?
  • Measures the intensity of a tornado
  • F0 – F5
19 where is tornado alley located
19. Where is Tornado Alley located?
  • American Midwest
    • Great Plains
20 what can destroy diminish a hurricane
20. What can destroy/diminish a hurricane?
  • Wind shear
  • Cold water
  • Land
  • Saharan Air Layer
21 what is a front
21. What is a front?
  • The boundary between air masses
22 describe the weather at each of these fronts
22. Describe the weather at each of these fronts:
  • Cold front
  • Warm front
  • Stationary front
  • Occluded front
  • Severe thunderstorms
  • Drizzly weather
  • Many cloudy and rainy days
  • Cool temp. & a lot of rain
23 describe each layer of the atmosphere
23. Describe each layer of the atmosphere:
  • Troposphere
  • Stratosphere
  • Mesosphere
  • Thermosphere
  • All weather happens here
  • Ozone layer
  • Meteor’s burn up
  • Hottest but you would feel cold/ satellites fly here
24 describe each type of air mass
24. Describe each type of air mass:
  • Maritime polar
  • Maritime tropical
  • Continental polar
  • Continental tropical
  • Moist, cold
  • Moist, warm
  • Dry, cold
  • Dry, warm
25 what is the water cycle what powers it
25. What is the water cycle? What powers it?
  • Continuous movement of water within Earth’s atmosphere, land, and oceans/lakes
  • Sun
26 create a flow map of the water cycle
26. Create a flow map of the water cycle.

Cloud / Condensation

Precipitation

Evaporation

Runoff

Ocean/Lake

Infiltration /

Percolation

27 what happens to water content as warm rises as it cools
27. What happens to water content as warm rises? As it cools?
  • Warm air rises and becomes cooler, it loses the ability to hold water
  • Cool air sinks and becomes warmer, it gains the ability to hold water
28 what is the greenhouse effect
28. What is the Greenhouse Effect?
  • Greenhouse gases trap heat and keep the Earth warm
29 what causes the seasons
29. What causes the seasons?
  • Tilt of the Earth’s axis
31 what could happen when a star dies
31. What could happen when a star dies?
  • White Dwarf
  • Supernova
  • Neutron star
  • Pulsar
  • Black hole
32 how are craters formed on the moon
32. How are craters formed on the Moon?
  • Asteroid/meteoroid impacts
33 list the contributions of each of these astronomers
33. List the contributions of each of these astronomers:
  • Ptolemy
  • Copernicus
  • Tycho Brahe
  • Johannes Kepler
  • Galileo Galilie
  • Isaac Newton
  • Edwin Hubble
  • Geocentric universe
  • Heliocentric universe
  • Made large, detailed instruments
  • Used Brahe’s work to prove heliocentric universe
  • Used telescope
  • Law of gravity
  • Discovered many other galaxies / universe bigger than imagined
36 what are sunspots
36. What are sunspots?
  • Cooler, darker areas of the Sun
37 what is astronomy
37. What is astronomy?
  • The study of the universe
38 what is the difference between a refracting and reflecting telescope which one is more accurate
38. What is the difference between a refracting and reflecting telescope? Which one is more accurate?
  • Refracting telescope
    • Lenses bend light to eyepiece
    • Negatives:
      • Cannot make them too big
      • Do not focus perfectly
  • Reflecting telescope
    • mirrors bounce light to eyepiece
    • More accurate
39 describe each part of the electromagnetic spectrum
39. Describe each part of the electromagnetic spectrum:
  • Radio waves
  • Microwaves
  • Infrared
  • Visible light
  • Ultraviolet light
  • X-rays
  • Gamma rays
  • Radios use them
  • Microwaves use them
  • Heat energy
  • Energy we see / colors
  • Gives you a suntan/sunburn
  • High energy that cannot go through solids
  • Incredibly high energy
40 list facts for each planet
40. List facts for each planet:
  • Mercury
  • Venus
  • Earth
  • Mars
  • Jupiter
  • Saturn
  • Uranus
  • Neptune
  • Smallest planet
  • Year is longer than a day
  • Only one with life
  • Largest volcano
  • Largest planet
  • Has visible rings around it
  • Diamonds possibly in the core
  • Sonic speed winds
41 what is a solar eclipse lunar eclipse
41. What is a solar eclipse? Lunar eclipse?
  • Solar eclipse - When the Moon comes in between the Sun and Earth and casts a shadow on the Earth
  • Lunar eclipse - When the Moon gets covered by the Earth’s shadow