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Romantic Period . Principles of the Romantic Era. Form rules relaxed (not eliminated) Emotion rather than reason Nationalism Stories depicted Nature viewed mystically (Rousseau) Exotic (foreign culture) Love of the past versus the future. The Romantic Artist/Composer/Writer.

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principles of the romantic era
Principles of the Romantic Era
  • Form rules relaxed (not eliminated)
  • Emotion rather than reason
  • Nationalism
  • Stories depicted
  • Nature viewed mystically (Rousseau)
  • Exotic (foreign culture)
  • Love of the past versus the future
the romantic artist composer writer
The Romantic Artist/Composer/Writer
  • Personal feelings of the artist became critically important
  • The artist needed to suffer to be fully empowered
  • The starving artist became idealized
    • And then satirized
characteristics of music
Characteristics of Music
  • Departure from Classical era
    • Message in the music
      • Give a word description for each piece
      • Haydn vs. Beethoven
    • Beethoven’s 5th in minor/major key
      • Loss of power in the major
    • Beethoven’s 5th in style of Haydn
      • Loss of power
  • Romantic music is felt not reasoned
characteristics of music5
Characteristics of Music
  • Underlying themes carried throughout the symphony
    • Complete symphony viewed as a unit
    • Folk songs incorporated for nationalism
  • Longer symphonies
  • Orchestra grew in size
  • Use of strong dynamics
  • Virtuosos
  • Is it important for a composer to communicate with the audience? Why?
    • Example of communication: baseball
romantic music
Romantic Music
  • How does a composer communicate?
    • Form
      • Strength of the Classical Period
      • Romanic Period strayed from strict form
    • Story
      • Beethoven’s 5th (symbolic story)
      • Berlioz’s Symphonie Fantastique (story notes)
      • Tchaikowsky’s Romeo and Juliet (well-known story)
    • Uncomplicated (short length)
      • Chopin’s works
  • Bridged Classical and Romantic periods
    • Form used contextually
    • Perfection was the goal (compare number of symphonies compared with Haydn)
    • Motifs
      • Short semi-melodies or rhythms carried out in modified form throughout work
Musical Domain




Chemical Domain



Bulk Polymer

  • Manifested Romantic ideal
    • Nature depicted (symbolic story)
    • Pastoral, Symphony No. 6
franz schubert
Franz Schubert
  • Wrote lieder—songs with emotional theme
  • Told stories in the music
    • Erlkönig
      • Note the horse rhythm
      • Note the ominous feeling
      • Note the voice differences (narrator, father and son)
      • Note the sad conclusion
frederic chopin
Frederic Chopin
  • Born in Poland,lived in Paris
  • Short pieces in small rooms to allow communication
    • Minute Waltz
  • Virtuosity
    • Etude Opus 10
  • Nationalistic (Polish) music shown in his mazurkas, preludes and polonaises
    • Polonaise in A flat major
franz liszt
Franz Liszt
  • Hungarian child prodigy
  • Greatest showman
  • Hungarian Rhapsody 2
richard wagner
Richard Wagner
  • German nationalism
  • Not a prodigy
  • Immoral life
  • Ludwig II
  • Opera
    • Leitmotif
  • Depicted myths and heroes
    • Die Walküre (Ride of the Valkyries)
    • Tristan and Isolde (Unresolved – Liebestod)
russian composers
Russian Composers
  • Moussorgsky,Balakirev, Borodin, Cui, Rimsky-Korsakov (Then "Handful")
  • Used Russian themes
    • Russian Easter Overture
  • Flight of the Bumble Bee
  • Night on Bald Mountain

Almaty, Kazakhstan

peter ilych tchaikovsky
Peter Ilych Tchaikovsky
  • Russian
  • Used French style
  • Ballets are most famous
    • Nutcracker, Sleeping Beauty
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • Love theme
      • Fight theme
      • End theme
  • Deep emotion for his sad life
    • Symphony No. 6 – Pathètique
  • The hand-full of Russian composers criticized Tchaikovsky because he didn’t use Russian melodies. Should music be nationalistic?
giuseppe verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
  • Greatest Italian style opera
  • Excellent librettos
  • Orchestra an important component
    • Aida
    • La Traviata
    • Rigoletto
      • La Donna e Mobile
  • Why has Romantic music remained so popular?
principles of art
Principles of Art
  • Abandoned strict rules of neoclassical
  • Conveyed personal feeling of artist
  • Used nationalism
  • Depicted the exotic
  • Landscapes became important

"If you want to do art you must first study the rules, second study the great masters, third forget the rules, because genius begins where trite rules end but you can't get there until you've obeyed the rules first."

– Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792)



Romantic Period

johann wolfgang von goethe
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • Raised the level of German literature
  • The Sorrows of Young Werther
  • Dr. Faustus
  • Why did Goethe’s writings have such a profound effect on the population?
sir walter scott
Sir Walter Scott
  • Historical novels
    • Ivanhoe
    • Lady of the Lake
leo tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy
  • Russian
  • War and Peace
  • Anna Karenina
  • Born to nobility but lived on simple farm
  • Freed the serfs
victor hugo
Victor Hugo
  • Son of Napoleonic general
  • Involved in French politics
  • Hunchback of Notre Dame
  • Les Miserables
alexandre dumas
Alexandre Dumas
  • Imitated style of Scott
  • Novels supported extravagant life
    • Employed several people
  • Count of Monte Cristo
  • The Three Musketeers
  • The Man in the Iron Mask
  • What was the principal message of Scott, Tolstoy, Hugo, and Dumas?
william wordsworth samuel taylor coleridge
William WordsworthSamuel Taylor Coleridge
  • English
  • Lyrical ballads

Five years have past; five summers, with the lengthOf five long winters! and again I hearThese waters, rolling from their mountain-springsWith a soft inland murmur. Once againDo I behold these steep and lofty cliffs,That on a wild secluded scene impressThoughts of more deep seclusion; and connectThe landscape with the quiet of the sky.

william wordsworth samuel taylor coleridge41
William WordsworthSamuel Taylor Coleridge
  • English
  • Lyrical ballads
    • Suspension of disbelief
    • Rime of the Ancient Mariner

Water, water, every where,And all the boards did shrink ;Water, water, every where,Nor any drop to drink.

lord byron
Lord Byron
  • Art was an inner expression
  • Childe Harold
  • The Flying Dutchman
  • The Wandering Jew
percy bysshe shelley
Percy Bysshe Shelley
  • English
  • Strongly liberal
  • Friends with Lord Byron
  • Married Mary Wollstonecraft
    • Frankenstein
  • Which is more difficult, creativity within the form or ignoring the form?
thank you

Thank You

Creativity in emotion