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Neutron Star Normal Modes LSC Meeting, Baton Rouge, March 2004 LIGO-G040141-00-Z

Neutron Star Normal Modes LSC Meeting, Baton Rouge, March 2004 LIGO-G040141-00-Z. B.S. Sathyaprakash and Bernard Schutz Cardiff University and AEI. Neutron Stars. Great interest in detecting radiation: physics of such stars is poorly understood.

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Neutron Star Normal Modes LSC Meeting, Baton Rouge, March 2004 LIGO-G040141-00-Z

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  1. Neutron Star Normal ModesLSC Meeting, Baton Rouge, March 2004LIGO-G040141-00-Z B.S. Sathyaprakash and Bernard Schutz Cardiff University and AEI

  2. Neutron Stars • Great interest in detecting radiation: physics of such stars is poorly understood. • After 35 years we still don’t know what makes pulsars pulse or glitch. • Interior properties not understood: equation of state, superfluidity, superconductivity, solid core, source of magnetic field. • May not even be neutron stars: could be made of strange matter! Neutron Star Normal Modes Sathyaprakash and Schutz

  3. NS Formation Secular Instabilities NS merger Andersson, Jones & KK (2002) Shibata & Uryu (2002) Dimmelmeier, Font & Mueller (2002) Gravitational Waves from Pulsating Neutron Stars Neutron Star Normal Modes Sathyaprakash and Schutz

  4. Stellar Modes • G-modes or gravity-modes: buoyancy is the main restoring force • P-modes or pressure-modes: main restoring force is the pressure • F-mode or fundamental-mode: (surface waves) has an intermediate character of p- and g-mode • W-modes: pure space-time modes (only in GR, space-time curvature is the restoring agent) • Inertial modes (r-mode) : main restoring force is the Coriolis force (σ~2Ω/3) • Superfluid modes: Deviation from chemical equilibrium provides the main restoring agent Neutron Star Normal Modes Sathyaprakash and Schutz

  5. Asteroseismology Normal mode frequencies and damping times have the same dependence on R and M Andersson-Kokkotas (1996-98) Neutron Star Normal Modes Sathyaprakash and Schutz

  6. Asteroseismology Unique estimation of Mass and Radius and EoS Neutron Star Normal Modes Sathyaprakash and Schutz

  7. Signal Strengths of Normal Modes • Glitch the energy • Crab/Vela glitches could deposit energy in normal modes as high as 10–12 Msun • Energy in normal modes when a neutron star forms could be as high as 10–8 Msun • Normal modes excited due to glitches in Vela will have an amplitude of 10–24 • It is possible that a newly born NS can be observed in normal modes in our own Galaxy Neutron Star Normal Modes Sathyaprakash and Schutz

  8. F- and W- modes in Interferometers Neutron Star Normal Modes Sathyaprakash and Schutz

  9. Analysis Plan • Make a catalogue of potential sources of normal modes (T. Regimbau) • Glitches in radio pulsars, especially Crab and Vela • Set up collaborations with Radio, Gamma and X-ray Astronomers to set up time-windows to search for normal modes • Accretion onto neutron stars could produce seismic disturbances that could lead to intermittent emission of normal modes. • Should coordinate with X-ray/Gamma-ray observations • Use existing LAL codes to set up a search pipeline (R. Balasubramanian) • Add a piece to carry out triggered searches for NS modes • Explore if we can use the existing triggered search codes Neutron Star Normal Modes Sathyaprakash and Schutz

  10. Coordinated Searches with Radio Data • Why pulsars glitch • 3 decades after pulsars are discovered we don’t fully understand why pulsars pulse or glitch • Observing normal modes in neutron stars, combined with radio observations, could teach us about glitches, equation-of-state of high-density neutrons (or other matter) • Collaborate with Jodrell Bank • Jodrell and can provide glitch data on PSR B0833-45, The Vela Pulsar and PSR B0531+21, The Crab Pulsar • Jodrell also has unpublished data on pulsars showing peculiarities in pulse periods – could be looked in coincidence with GW data Neutron Star Normal Modes Sathyaprakash and Schutz

  11. Benefits from the study • Independent (maybe unique) estimation of stellar parameters (mass, radius, EOS, rotation) • Understanding of the microphysics in the early stages of NS formation • Discovering exotic EOS Neutron Star Normal Modes Sathyaprakash and Schutz

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