First Five Year Plan - 1928-1932 Second Five Year Plan - 1933-1937 Third Five Year Plan - 1938-1941 Fourth Five Year Plan – 1946-1950 Fifth Five Year Plan - 1951-1955 Stalin’s Five Years Plans
COLLECTIVIZATION AND RAPID INDUSTRIALIZATION Aim to erase all traces of the capitalism that had entered under the New Economic Policy To transform the Soviet Union as quickly as possible, into an industrialized and completely socialist state Many new industrial centers were developed With the greatest share of investment put into heavy industry, widespread shortages of consumer goods occurred Forced collectivization of the remaining peasants, which was often fiercely resisted, resulted in a disastrous disruption of agricultural productivity and a catastrophic famine in 1932-33. Forced collectivization helped achieve Stalin's goal of rapid industrialization
First Five Year Plan (1928-1932) Called for transforming Soviet agriculture from predominantly individual farms into a system of large state collective farms Emphasized on heavy industries (reason was to lay the foundation of solid industrial growth. ) Goal were unrealistic It was argued that Soviet Russia could be at a risk from the aggressive capitalist countries on account of its negligible industrialization.
First Five Year Plans (1928-1932) • Proved to be a success, with the poor, experiencing an improvement in their economic status • Gradually, Stalin introduced the policy of 'collectivization' (meant that individual land labour was to be consolidated into collective farms ) • Supposed to be a potent solution for the crisis of agricultural distribution • believed that replacing the individual land and labour with collective farms would immediately increase food supply for urban population • Between 1928 and 1940, the number of workers in the transport and construction industries almost tripled in Russia. Factor output increased, and Soviet Russia was catapulted into a leading industrial nation.
Second Five Year Plan (1933-1937) Started in the year 1933with a focus on heavy industries. Communication network, especially the Railways, was given priority by Stalin Uniformly successful The standard of living deteriorated Women were asked to be a part of the plan as well.
Third Five Year Plan (1938-1941) The period where Soviet Russia entered the Second World War. In terms of the fulfilment of proclaimed production goals, initially, this plan was a disappointment. However, the industrial growth rate of the economy during the 1930s was still going strong at 12% to 13%. And this continued even after the Second World War.
Fourth and Fifth Five Year Plan - 1946-1950 and 1951-1955 • Stalin’s focus was mainly on reconstruction due to Russia’s huge lost of economy in the Second World World. • Despite it, Stalin promised that Russia would lead the world in industrial development by 1960. • Stalin's Russia had no alternative but to ask the USA for a reconstruction aid. However, the disagreement on the terms of reconstruction aid led to the Cold War later. • Stalin managed to get reparations from Germany • A few East European countries were also asked for aid in exchange for the help that Russia gave them for liberation from Nazi atrocities.