Chapter 4 Safe Driving. Speed Controls. A driver is responsible to know 2 speed zones – 25 mph - Residential, school & business 50 mph - All others What this means is if there are no signs posted you must choose the proper speed zone Exceeding the speed is a common factor of all crashes.
A driver is responsible to know 2 speed zones –
25 mph - Residential, school & business
50 mph - All others
What this means is if there are no signs posted you must choose the proper speed zone
Exceeding the speed is a common factor of all crashes
Speed limits are the highest speed you should travel under ideal conditions. A good rule is to keep up with traffic at any legal speed.
25 - Business or residential
25 - School – must be posted
35- Suburban business & residential
50 - Other
55 - Certain state highways & interstates
65 - Interstates
Double fines – 4 areas where penalties double
Safe Corridor Zones
65 MPH Speed Zones
It is possible to get a speeding ticket when going the post limit – WHY?
If driving faster than the weather or road conditions safely allow
Always slow down:
On narrow or winding roads
At intersections & railroad crossings
Sharp or blind curves
Wet slippery roads
Pedestrians or driving hazards
These are sections of a high way that have above average accident reports. In these areas, which are marked by signs, all fines are doubled as a way of getting motorists to drive with more caution.
These sections also require higher police presence and additional road maintenance all in an effort to reduce the accident rate
The term passing means that you are changing lane in order to go by slower moving vehicles
TTLB: Passing is it legal, is it safe, & do I need to
line nearest me is it solid or broken
Unsafe area – hills, curves, blind areas, intersections, rail roads, narrow bridges, other vehicles yielding to pedestrians
Law requires motorists to stay to the right, except to pass
What good, responsible, safe driver know is when they have the right-of-way and when they have to yield.
A good driver will also know when and how to give you their right-of-way. Overly courteous drivers cause a lot of problems
Must yield to:
All Emergency vehicles in service (lights & sirens)
Buses & postal vehicles re-entering traffic
Motorized or mobility vehicles
Other vehicles already in intersection
NJ experiences a large number of pedestrian accidents compared to other states. In order to reduce this we must take a shared responsibility approach. The motorists must:
Yield to pedestrians
Don’t block or park on side walks and crosswalks
Keep windshield clean
Be alert in high pedestrian areas
Watch for pedestrians when turn (all)
Never pass vehicles that are yielding to
Definition – where 2 or more roads meet.
Most collisions occur at intersections
A single solid white line across a road at an intersection is a stop line. If a stop is required, you must come to a complete stop before crossing that line.
Controlled – traffic is controlled by traffic signals or signs (or officer)
Laws governing signals dictate right-of-way, but at four way stop intersection, when cars arrive together the person on left has the right-of-way or “the person on the right has to yield to the person on the left”.
Uncontrolled – intersections without signals or signs reduce speed and be prepared to stop
Signals not working treat as a four-way stop
Exam note: a driver cannot drive on private property to avoid a traffic signal or sign, the only time a motorist can do so is when told to by police
Blind intersections – slow down or stop to check traffic
Circles – rules governing circle are individual
Acceleration lanes – extra lanes added to road to allow motorist to speed up in order to enter a roadway. Remember these lanes will end & you are the driver responsible to yield
Deceleration lane – extra lanes added to allow motorists to slow down to exit at the posted speed
Weaves – combined additional lane for entering & leaving. Motorist enter must yield
If your vehicle does break down
Approaching curves is the same as approaching a turn except for the single, many people cause their own skid by doing this wrong.
Right on Red Law: You must turn right on red unless a sign is posted.
Exam -Turning left from two-way to four-lane highway
Signs, signals & rules indicate when a motorist
should stop. Most accidents occur at intersections
normally due to people trying to jump the signal,
ignore yield regulations or trying to beat the signal.
To avoid accidents slow down when approaching
an intersection and be prepared to stop.
Stop line – Solid white line across road
Certain vehicles must stop at rail road crossings if you are behind one you must also stop (see no passing)
School Bus – Stop at least 25 feet in all directions unless:
Frozen Dessert (ice cream truck): When conducting business you are to stop, yield to all pedestrians then you may pass at 15 mph
Pull over and stop for emergency vehicles in service. (yield to) After the vehicle has passed you may proceed but don’t follow within 300 feet and never park within 200 feet. Urban areas my have an emergency lane
Parking or auxiliary light cannot be used when head lights are required
Bright or high beams – used for open country driving.
TTLB: The person driving toward you can see you are you scared? Turn your high beams off anytime there is a vehicle within 500 feet of your car. Including divided highways
Quick flash of your lights then look low and to right
Dims – for driving in city and traffic
TTLB: (After seat belts this is the number one TTLB) - Driving and texting has proven to be more dangerous that driving at the level of .08. I will do neither. If I need to talk or texted I will pull over.
Pull over, Pull over, Pull over!!
$100 to $250 fine, primary offense, all electronics are a GDL offense
Exceptions: Fire, Accident, Road Hazards, Medical emergency, Hazardous materials, report erratic driving
The driver is responsible for the vehicle, and trash thrown from a vehicle (moving or parked) can result in a fine of up to $1,000 and loss of license.
Life lesson – There is no excuse for littering be a better citizen and don’t litter or stand by quietly while others do. Regardless of the situation or location.