lynda cook pletcher 14 th national early childhood inclusion institute may 21 st 2014
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Building a Neighborhood Called Quality Early Intervention Services. Lynda Cook Pletcher 14 th National Early Childhood Inclusion Institute May 21 st , 2014. To Build a New Subdivision or Neighborhood:. Need a vision of what it is to be Need a name

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lynda cook pletcher 14 th national early childhood inclusion institute may 21 st 2014
Building a Neighborhood Called Quality Early Intervention Services

Lynda Cook Pletcher

14th National Early Childhood Inclusion Institute

May 21st, 2014

to build a new subdivision or neighborhood
To Build a New Subdivision or Neighborhood:
  • Need a vision of what it is to be
  • Need a name
  • Need to follow state and city rules and regulations
  • Need infrastructures in place
  • Need builders with blueprints and house designs
  • Need customers to buy who agree to covenants
  • Need interactions between neighbors to actually be a community
think about when you started in this field
Less than two years
  • Five years
  • Ten - 15 years
  • 20 years
  • What were the words used to describe (theme, trends) for working with young children?

The changing tides over the years so what has remained consistent?

Think about when you started in this field
foundational pillars
Foundational Pillars

Family Centered- relationship based practices

Adult learning

Quality teaming

Children's learning

Natural environments:home and community settings

the national community of practice on services in natural environments
The National Community of Practice on Services in Natural Environments
  • Evolved from OSEP sponsored National Communities of Practice (COP) –services in natural environments(NE)
  • COP focus shifted from where to how services are provided in NE
  • National workgroup convened and developed
    • Documents (Mission & 7 key principles, Looks Like Doesn’t Look Like and Practices)
    • Disseminated & widely used
  • More was wanted on actual practices
agreed upon mission
Agreed upon Mission

“Part C Early Intervention builds on and provides supports and resources to assist family members and caregivers with enhancing children's learning and development through everyday learning opportunities”

(Community of Practice statement )

Do you know your program or state mission/purpose statement?

cop documents can be found at
CoP Documents Can be Found at:

(Mission and key Principles) (Looks like doesn’t look like) (Practices document)

National organization position statements. Documents from national organizations supporting different elements of the key concepts.

RRCP compilation of the seven key principles cross walked with statements from discipline specific literature.

Searchable annotated bibliographic database of literature supporting the seven key principles.

house interior steps on the ei journey for families and providers
House Interior = Steps on the EI Journey for Families and Providers
  • Public Awareness and referral
  • Evaluation and Assessment
  • IFSP Development
  • Functional outcomes and strategies
  • Ongoing invention interactions
  • Transition
interior and exterior design
Interior and Exterior “Design”

Various approaches to providing services, for example:

  • Robin McWilliams
  • Rush and Shelden
  • Dunst and Bruder
  • Julianne Woods

And others who address and show a particular way of doing something(s) on the journey……

Has your state or program adopted a particular approach? What is it called?

the book resources
The Book & Resources

Other Associated


content outline of book
Content Outline of Book
  • I. Getting Started - Foundational Knowledge
    • The Importance of Early Intervention
    • Foundational Pillars of Early Intervention
    • Seven Key Principles: An Overview
  • II. Agreed Upon Practices in the Early Intervention Process
    • Beginning the Journey: The Referral and Initial Visits
    • The Importance of Evaluation & Assessment
    • Developing an Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP)
    • Moving Forward: IFSP Implementation
    • Transition Planning: Leaving Early Intervention
  • III. Agreed Upon Practices in Action
    • Identifying Questionable Practices
    • The Significance of Personal and Organizational Change
in the book
In the book
  • Text
  • At- A- Glance activities
  • Give It A Go Checklists
  • Tip Boxes
  • Conversation Starters
  • Case Study
  • Resources
section i getting started foundational knowledge
Section I- Getting Started: Foundational Knowledge
  • Cyndi’s story
  • Background of EI
  • Self reflection of the 7 key principles
  • Content description of each foundational pillar with activities
  • In depth look at each pillar as it relates to everyday work of any provider

“At a Glance”

One page for each principle. Organized by:

  • Children
  • Families
  • Communities
key principle 1
Infants and toddlers learn best through

everyday experiences and interaction

with familiar people in familiar contexts.

8. …bring a well-equipped toy bag into the home for each visit.

Key Principle #1
Understand children’s interests

Support their engagement & participation

Reach mastery & scaffold new abilities

Encourage practice to achieve competence

consider this
Consider This

The provider shares toys. “I noticed you didn’t have many toys to play with. Here are some you can use. Oh you can keep them it’s okay.”

What does this do for the family?

some unintended consequences might be
Some UnintendedConsequences might be:
  • Undermines the parent’s sense of competence & control.
  • Lessens the parent’s self-esteem.
  • Makes it appear that the visitor's toys are better than the family’s.
  • Reinforces negative feelings of self.
How to help…
  • Ask “Would you like me to look around with you and see what we can find that would be fun for Johnny to play with?”
  • Look for objects in the house that may not be obvious toys like plastic bowls, pots, pans, and a wooden spoon, or boxes and use those during the visit.
  • If family has mentioned wanting more toys better suited for child’s age, share ideas of yard sales, or toy exchanges with other friends or family members.
key principle 2
All families, with the necessary supports and resources, can enhance their children’s learning and development.

5. …assume that certain types of families need more help based on family circumstances or a child’s type of disability

Key Principle #2
This is because (choose ALL that apply)
  • ALL families have strengths and capabilities to help their child not just certain kinds of families.
  • Services are determined based upon the family’s functional outcomes versus child’s disability.
  • More services are better for more involved children to make progress.
  • Families have networks of informal and formal sources of support that meet many child and family needs.
  • Parents don’t understand child development and what the child needs.
consider this1
Consider This

The provider continues to drive the family to the doctor’s office for their regular visits, because they don’t have a car.

What does this do for the family?

some unintended consequences might be1
Some Unintended Consequences Might be:
  • Fosters dependence on the help-giver.
  • Results in the family becoming a passive receiver of help.
  • Reinforces non-productive behaviors.
  • Creates a great sense of indebtedness.
Howto help…
  • Help the family research other sources of transportation including public buses and non-profit options that offer rides to appointments.
  • Discuss asking a friend or other family member AND offer to do something for them in exchange for the ride.
  • Review the At- a- Glance on page 41
  • Look again at pages 13- 20 foundational pillar- Family Centered Practices
  • Think again about your agreement and your team’s agreement with principles 2, 3, 4, 5
Considering the examples of should and should not, think of ways you could use these with:
    • Students – pre-service
    • Practicing providers
    • Families
    • System administrators
    • Community
    • Other
section ii agreed upon practices
Section II: Agreed Upon Practices
  • Chapter 4 – Beginning the Journey- Referral and Initial visits
  • Chapter 5- The Importance of Evaluation and Assessment
  • Chapter 6- Developing the Individualized Family Service Plan
  • Chapter 7-Moving Forward.- Ongoing Intervention Interactions
  • Chapter 8- Leaving Early Intervention
each chapter provides
Each Chapter Provides:
  • Family or provider view point
  • Specific agreed upon practices
  • Content
  • Legal parameters when appropriate
  • Tip boxes
  • Checklist
  • Conversation starter
  • Give it a go or reflection activities
Give it a go! 4.2
  • Think about ways to enhance conversations you have had or heard with families about the purpose of early intervention and the family's role.
  • Write a few sentences you could use to start that conversation.
6.2 What information should you have going into an initial IFSP Meeting?
  • What should you know about the child?
  • What should you know about the family?
  • What knowledge or skills do team member have?
associated resources
Associated Resources


Head Start Parent, Family, & Community Engagement

 Introducing EI Process - EDIS Video

associated resources1
Associated Resources


CO video explaining the evaluation process.

Robin McWilliam - The purpose & use of the RBI

associated resources2
Associated Resources

IFSP Development

Training Packet High Quality Functional IFSP Outcomes

IFSP Implementation

VA EI Strategies for Success Blog

FL videos- coaching strategies in action

section iii in action
Section III: In Action
  • Thomas Family Story
    • Identifying questionable and quality practices
    • Considering alternatives in light of foundational pillars and key practices

IL IFSP meeting gone wrong

Associated Resource

  • Personal & Organizational
give it a go 10 2
Think about what you have read in this book and list four things you would like to do differently with the families you are working with.
  • _________________________________
  • _________________________________
  • _________________________________
  • _________________________________

Now take two of these ideas and think about what agency leadership might need to do to help support you and other providers to make this change.

Give ItA Go-10.2
the book provides the tools to
The Book Provides the Tools to…

..construct quality built houses that meet the standards of our “neighborhood” called Quality

EI Services!

last thoughts
Last Thoughts

Uses of the book & associated resources.

Take away thoughts and ideas?

Picture Source: