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International Business. 孙凤 sunfeng3386@126.com. Aims of this course. To learn some Business English To learn some new Business knowledge. Preparation for this period. Find out some information and comment about the movie The Treatment Gua Sha ( 《 刮痧 》 ) and, if possible, watch the movie.

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International business

International Business

孙凤

sunfeng3386@126.com


Aims of this course
Aims of this course

  • To learn some Business English

  • To learn some new Business knowledge


Preparation for this period
Preparation for this period

  • Find out some information and comment about the movie The Treatment Gua Sha(《刮痧》)and, if possible, watch the movie.


International business

  • Definition:Scraping of the back and other areas to release blocked Qi (energy) and to cure other illnesses. Gua means “to scrape” and Sha means “red skin rash” (in other words, the result of the Gua).

  • Cures:Gua Sha is used to cure the common cold, flu, bronchitis, asthma, headaches, fevers, chills, cough, abdominal complaints, diarrhea, as well as chronic disorders involving pain and blocked Qi.

  • Technique:The practitioner uses a section of cow horn or a wooden scraper to scrape the back, neck, buttocks and limbs. Oil is used as a lubricant on the skin to lessen the pain of the scraping.



International business

  • After years of hard work, Xu Datong, a Chinese immigrant to the US, has finally achieved success as an outstanding video game designer. With his promising career and loving family, he feels he has become a true American. Datong’s father comes over from China, and uses a traditional Chinese medical technique, called guasha, to treat Datong`s son, Dennis. Unexpectedly, an American doctor thinks the bruises on Dennis` back left by the guasha treatment are signs of child abuse.


International business

  • The American hospital staff accused the parents of child abuse and took away their son. The American justice system takes control of the case and exaggerates every possible cultural misunderstanding.

  • The film gets intense after the father "kidnaps" his own son from a welfare shelter. As the police chases after the run-away father, the media also jumps into the mess. In the end, the child's grandfather somberly leaves the United States, and the father has no choice but hands over his son to the authority.


International business

刮痧 abuse and took away their son. The American justice system takes control of the case and exaggerates every possible cultural misunderstanding. (2002) - 故事梗概

电脑动画设计师许大同与妻子简宁到美国奋斗八年,两人都事业有成,儿子丹尼斯聪明可爱,是夫妻俩的宝贝。老父亲从中国来看望儿子一家人,可许大同为了尽快融入美国社会,在儿子面前只讲英语。爷爷与孙子在家,丹尼斯偶有不适没去学校,爷爷不懂英文,便用中国传统的刮痧疗法为孙子治病,很快就好了,大家都没放在心上。一天,丹尼斯不慎碰伤,大同将他送到医院,医生在为孩子检查时看到背上紫红色的刮痕,不知是什么原因,认为大同虐待孩子,报告了保护儿童权益的机构,该机构以虐待儿童的罪名将大同送上法庭,由于大同拿不出刮痧是中医的一种治疗方法的证据,法院判丹尼斯由儿童福利院监管。许大同气愤之余提出上诉,他拼命举证自己是如何爱自己的儿子,可由于文化背景的不同;控方律师的举证:妻子难产时,他因工作忙没到医院陪;儿子与公司老板的儿子玩游戏冲突时,他打了儿子一巴掌;为了父亲的事他将睡觉的儿子独自放在家里;甚至他设计的动画游戏中歌颂孙悟空也遭到指责……,这些许大同认为理所当然的事竟然都成了对他不利的证据,他忍无可忍,愤怒地扑向控方律师。官司输了,工作丢了,为使孩子能尽快回家,他与妻子分居,一家人陷入了悲痛、无奈之中。圣诞之夜,思子心切的许大同身穿圣诞老人的服装,冒险从外面爬楼进了自己的家,与丹尼斯拥抱在一起,用行动证明了自己对儿子的爱,感动了到场的警察和所有的人,弥合了中西方文化的误会与冲突。


Discussion on the movie oduction
discussion on the movie oduction abuse and took away their son. The American justice system takes control of the case and exaggerates every possible cultural misunderstanding.

  • Group discussion on two questions:

  • 1. Who is to blame for bringing about so many troubles and so much misery to that Chinese family?

    2. What is the most impressive scene for you ?(5 minutes)


International business

To sum up, no one is to blame. It is the differences in the Chinese and American cultures that cause misunderstanding and hurt. We should also realize, however, love and affection among men, sometimes and to some extent, though, can surpass the cultural misunderstandings and conflicts.


Culture
CULTURE Chinese and American cultures that cause misunderstanding and hurt. We should also realize, however, love and affection among men, sometimes and to some extent, though, can surpass the cultural misunderstandings and conflicts.

A Talk about the following questions (3-5 minutes) :

  • What is CULTURE?

  • What does CULTURE include?


A definition for reference
A definition for reference Chinese and American cultures that cause misunderstanding and hurt. We should also realize, however, love and affection among men, sometimes and to some extent, though, can surpass the cultural misunderstandings and conflicts.

Culture—the customs, beliefs, art, music,

and all the other products of human thought

made by a particular group of people at a

particular time. (What do those italicized parts imply?)

Cultures always vary from one group of people to another .

A group of people’s culture may change along with the changes of times.


A more formal definition of culture
A more formal definition of Culture Chinese and American cultures that cause misunderstanding and hurt. We should also realize, however, love and affection among men, sometimes and to some extent, though, can surpass the cultural misunderstandings and conflicts.

  • An integrated system of learned behavior patterns that are characteristic of the members of any given society.


Beliefs buddhism christianity reincarnation
Beliefs Chinese and American cultures that cause misunderstanding and hurt. We should also realize, however, love and affection among men, sometimes and to some extent, though, can surpass the cultural misunderstandings and conflicts.—Buddhism, Christianity, reincarnation,…

more examples, please?


Customs spring festival christmas
Customs Chinese and American cultures that cause misunderstanding and hurt. We should also realize, however, love and affection among men, sometimes and to some extent, though, can surpass the cultural misunderstandings and conflicts.—Spring festival, Christmas, …

more examples, please?


International business
Art Chinese and American cultures that cause misunderstanding and hurt. We should also realize, however, love and affection among men, sometimes and to some extent, though, can surpass the cultural misunderstandings and conflicts.—

More examples, please?


Eating
Eating Chinese and American cultures that cause misunderstanding and hurt. We should also realize, however, love and affection among men, sometimes and to some extent, though, can surpass the cultural misunderstandings and conflicts.


The elements of culture
The elements of culture Chinese and American cultures that cause misunderstanding and hurt. We should also realize, however, love and affection among men, sometimes and to some extent, though, can surpass the cultural misunderstandings and conflicts.

Language

Verbal

Nonverbal

Religion

Values and attitudes

Manners and customs

Material elements

Aesthetics

Education

Social institutions


Verbal language
Verbal language Chinese and American cultures that cause misunderstanding and hurt. We should also realize, however, love and affection among men, sometimes and to some extent, though, can surpass the cultural misunderstandings and conflicts.

  • Language has been described as the mirror of culture.

  • Messages are conveyed by the words used, by how the words are spoken(eg. Tone of voice), and through nonverbal means such as gestures, body position, and eye contact.


International business

The following are some nonverbal signals of China and US. Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.


International business

More examples are welcome Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.


Roman arena and thumbs
Roman Arena and thumbs Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.

  • Juvenal refers to the Roman custom of spectators’ voting on the fate of wounded gladiators with their thumbs. You may think a gladiator would appreciate the crowd’s “thumbs up”, but exactly the opposite is true. Where we give thumbs up as a sign of approval, it meant death to its Roman recipient; much to the crowd’s delight.

  • Thumbs down, signified “swords down,” which meant the loser was worth more to them alive than dead, and he was spared apparently so he could make up for his disgrace the next time he appeared in the arena. Keep this in mind the next time you give someone the “thumbs up” sign


Functions of language
Functions of language Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.

  • 1. To gather and evalue information

  • 2. To get closer to local society

  • 3. To communicate within and outside companies.

  • 4. To better understand contexts.


Tabling a proposal
Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.tabling a proposal”

  • US: delay a decision

  • British: immediate action


By the end of the day
Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.by the end of the day”

  • British: when they have completed the job

  • Literally: within 24 hours


Bombed
Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.bombed”

  • British: success

  • US: failure


International business
Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.抻”

  • 拽一拽

  • 等一等


Religion
Religion Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.

  • Christianity

  • Islam

  • Hinduism

  • Buddism

  • Confucianism


International business
山东大学老校教堂 Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.


Christianity
Christianity Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.

  • Catholicism: questions making money

  • Protestantism: emphasizes the importance of work and the accumulation of wealth.

  • Question:Do you think there is any relationship between religion and a country’s development?


The great mosque in mecca
The Great Mosque in Mecca Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.


Muslim women
Muslim Women Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.


Islam
Islam Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.

  • Fatalism and traditionalism have deterred economic development in countries observing the religion.

  • Question:

  • How can cosmetics be best sold to Muslim women?


International business
印度教圣城瓦拉纳西之恒河畔一瞥。 Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.


International business

瓦腊纳西大学中的印度教寺庙 Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.

印度教传统的“卐”字旗迎风飘扬。


Hinduism
Hinduism Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.

  • Individual effort is hampered

  • Family is important

  • Question:

  • How can religion affect consumption patterns?


International business
四臂观音 Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.


Buddhism
Buddhism Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.

  • The aim is to achieve a spiritual state marked by an absence of desire.

  • How can it affect the economic development?


Standard sculpture of confucius
Standard sculpture of Confucius Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.


Confucianism
Confucianism Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.

  • A code of conduct rather than a religion

  • Loyalty and relationships


International business

  • 吾十有五而志于学 Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.,三十而立,四十不惑,五十而知天命,六十而耳顺,七十而从心所欲,不逾矩.

  • 德不孤,必有邻.

  • 不在其位,不谋其政.


International business

  • 于丹 Please talk about their implications and the misunderstanding they may cause when used in different cultures.《论语心得》

  • 值得一读