12.7 Similar Solids

12.7 Similar Solids

12.7 Similar Solids

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1. 12.7 Similar Solids Geometry Mrs. Spitz Spring 2006

2. Objectives/Assignment • Find and use the scale factor of similar solids. • Use similar solids to solve real-life problems, such as finding the lift power of the weather balloon in example 4. • Assignment 12.7 WS A

3. Two solids with equal ratios of corresponding LINEAR measures, such as heights or radii, are called similar solids. This common ratio is called the scale factor of one solid to the other solid. Comparing Similar Solids

4. Any two cubes are similar; so are any two spheres. Here are other examples of similar and nonsimilar solids. Comparing Similar Solids

5. Ex. 1: Identifying Similar Solids • Decide whether the two solids are similar. If so, compare the surface areas and volumes of the solids.

6. Ex. 1: Identifying Similar Solids • Decide whether the two solids are similar. If so, compare the surface areas and volumes of the solids.

7. 3 2 2 1 1 1 = = = 2 6 4 2 2 1 widths lengths heights Solution: • The solids are not similar because the ratios of corresponding linear measures are not equal, as shown.

8. 3 2 2 1 1 1 = = = 4 6 4 2 2 2 widths lengths heights Solution: • The solids are similar because the ratios of corresponding linear measures are equal, as shown.

9. More . . . • The surface area and volume of the solids areas follows: • The ratio of side lengths is 1:2, the ratio of the surface areas is 32:128, or 1:4, and the ratio of the volumes is 12:96, or 1:8.

10. Theorem: Similar Solids • If two similar solids have a scale factor of a:b, then corresponding areas have a ratio of a2:b2, and corresponding volumes have a ratio of a3:b3. • The term areas in the theorem can refer to any pair of corresponding areas in the similar solids, such as lateral areas, base areas, and surface areas.

11. The prisms are similar with a scale factor of 1:3. Find the surface area and volume of prism G given that the surface area of prism F is 24 square feet and the volume of prism F is 7 cubic feet. Ex. 2: Using the scale factor of similar solids

12. Solution: • Begin by using Theorem 12.13 to set up the two proportions. a2 a3 Surface area of F Volume of F = = Surface area of G b2 Volume of G b3 12 13 24 7 = = Surface area of G 32 = 9 Volume of G 33 = 27 Surface area of G = 216 Volume of G = 189 So, the surface area of prism G is 216 square feet and the volume of prism G is 189 cubic feet.

13. Check your work • You can check your work by substituting back into original proportions. a2 a3 Surface area of F Volume of F = = Surface area of G b2 Volume of G b3 24 1 7 1 Surface area of F Volume of F = = = = Surface area of G 216 9 Volume of G 189 27 Surface area of G = 216 Volume of G = 189 So, the surface area of prism G is 216 square feet and the volume of prism G is 189 cubic feet.

14. To find the scale factor of the two cubes, find the ratio of the two volumes. a3 512 = b3 1728 a 8 = b 12 2 = 3 Ex. 3: Finding the scale factor of similar solids Write ratio of volumes. Use a calculator to take the cube root. Simplify. • So, the two cubes have a scale factor of 2:3.

15. Ex. 4: Using Volumes of Similar Solids • Meteorology. The lift power of a weather balloon is the amount of weight the balloon can lift. Find the missing measures in the table given that the ratio of lift powers is equal to the ratio of the volumes of the balloons. Solution: Find the volume of the smaller balloon, whose radius is 4 feet. smaller balloon: V = 4/3r3 = 4/3(4)3  85.3 ft3

16. Ex. 4: Using Volumes of Similar Solids • The scale factor of the two balloons is 8/16 or 1:2. So the ratio of the volumes is 13:23, or 1:8. To find the volume of the larger balloon, multiply the volume of the smaller balloon by 8. Larger Balloon Solution: V = 8(85.3)  682.4 ft3

17. Ex. 4: Using Volumes of Similar Solids • The ratio of the lift powers is 1:8. To find the lift power of the larger balloon, multiply the lift power of the smaller balloon by 8 as follows: 8(17) = 136 lb.

18. Swimming pools. Two swimming pools are similar with a scale factor of 3:4. The amount of chlorine mixture to be added is proportional to the volume of water in the pool. If two cups of chlorine mixture are needed for the smaller pool, how much of the chlorine mixture is needed for the larger pool? Ex. 5: Comparing Similar Solids

19. a3 27 33 1 =  b3 64 43 2.4 Solution: • Using the scale factor, the ratio of the volume of the smaller pool to the volume of the larger pool is as follows: = • The ratio of the volumes of the mixture is 1:2.4. The amount of the chlorine mixture for the larger pool can be found by multiplying the amount of the chlorine mixture for the smaller pool by 2.4 as follows: 2(2.4) = 4.8 c. • So the larger pool needs 4.8 cups of the chlorine mixture.

20. Upcoming: • There is a quiz after 12.3. There are no other quizzes or tests for Chapter 12 • Review for final exam. • Final Exams: Scheduled for Wednesday, May 24. You must take and pass the final exam to pass the course! • Book return: You will turn in books/CD’s this date. No book returned = F for semester! Book is \$75 to replace. • Absences: More than 10 in a semester from January 9 to May 26, and I will fail you. Tardies count!!!