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Elements of Household Livelihood Security

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Elements of Household Livelihood Security - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Elements of Household Livelihood Security. Education. Shelter. Community Empowerment. Whether these are described as needs or rights , holistic diagnosis implies taking them all into account. Health. Food. Water. Economic Security. Environment. Context:

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
Elements of Household Livelihood Security

Education

Shelter

Community Empowerment

Whether these are described as needs or rights, holistic diagnosis implies taking them all into account.

Health

Food

Water

Economic Security

Environment

Context:

Social, Political and Cultural

Means:

Income, skills, time

slide2
WORLD

ACTORS

Bi- / Multi-lateral Agencies

NATION

National / sub-regional / local Government

STATE

Private Sector

NGOs

DISTRICT

CBOs

COMMUNITY

Social Networks

slide3
LIVELIHOOD

FRAMEWORK FOR ANALYSIS

CONTEXTS, CONDITIONS AND TRENDS

CONTEXTS, CONDITIONS AND TRENDS

INSTITUTIONAL PROCESSES & ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES

INSTITUTIONAL PROCESSES & ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES

SUTAINABLE

LIVELIHOOD

OUTCOMES

LIVELIHOOD RESOURCES

LIVELIHOOD RESOURCES

LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES

LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES

Health

Food

Nutrition

Water/Sanitation

Shelter

Education

Personal Safety

Community participation

Environment

Production and Income

Activities

Processing, Exchange and Marketing Activities

State

Formal Civil Society

Informal Civil Society

Private Sector

Historical

Social

Political Economic

Infrastructure

Demography

Environmental

Policy

Natural Capital

Human Capital

Social Capital

Political Capital

Economic/Financial Capital

Analysis of institutional/organizational influences on access to livelihood resources and composition of livelihood strategy portfolio

Analysis of livelihood resources; trade-offs, combinations, sequences, trends

Analysis of outcomes and trade-offs

Contextual analysis of conditions and trends and assessment of policy setting

Analysis of livelihood strategy portfolios and pathways

Modified from Scoones, 1998

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Holistic appraisal - improve targeting, participatory
  • Analysis and Synthesis
  • Focused strategy - address real FS needs
  • Coherent Information Systems – (e.g, for synergies
  • Reflective practices- learn and change
slide5
DESIGNING A SURVEY IS LIKE LAYING A PIPELINE

Reliability & validity of indicators

Questionnaire quality

Depth of analysis

Reporting & utilization

Sample design & size

Quality of data collection

QUALITY OF INFORMATION GENERATED BY AN EVALUATION DEPENDS UPON LEVEL OF RIGOR OF ALL COMPONENTS

slide6
Reliability & validity of indicators

Questionnaire quality

Depth of analysis

Reporting & utilization

Sample design & size

Quality of data collection

AMOUNT OF “FLOW” (QUALITY) OF INFORMATION IS LIMITED TO THE SMALLEST COMPONENT OF THE SURVEY “PIPELINE”

slide7
4

3

2

Level 4: Fully integrated

software package

1

Level of sophistication

Level 3: Database & analysis software

Level 2: Common software programs,

e.g. Excel, Word

Level 1: paper-based, manual system

Information Requirements

“Levels of DME-IS” (from recent DME-IS conference)

slide8
Comparaison des termes de cadre logique utilisés par différentes agences

C’est ce que l’on a appelé parfois la « pierre de Rosette des cadres logiques »

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