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THE DANAKIL The Horn of Africa. WHO ARE THE DANAKIL?. Cushite ethnic group residing in the Danakil Desert they prefer to be known as the Afar which means "The Best" or "First” Population: about 1,5 million two sub-groups: the Asayahamara ("red ones"), and the Adoyahmara ("white ones").

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who are the danakil

WHO ARE THE DANAKIL?

Cushite ethnic group residing in the Danakil Desert

they prefer to be known as the Afar which means "The Best" or "First”

Population: about 1,5 million

two sub-groups: the Asayahamara ("red ones"), and the Adoyahmara ("white ones")

slide3
WHAT LANGUAGE DO THEY SPEAK?
  • the language is called Afar
  • it has four distinct dialects: Northern, Central, Aussa, and Baadu
  • Literacy rate: 1%
slide4
WHERE DO THEY COME FROM?
  • The earliest written mention: 13th century by the Arab writer ibn Sa'id
where do they live
WHERE DO THEY LIVE?
  • They are nomadic pastoralists (raising goats, sheep and cattle) in the Danakil Desert which extends in 4 countries:

- Djibouti

- Somalia

- Ethiopia

- Eritrea

how do they live
HOW DO THEY LIVE?
  • They live in camps surrounded by thorn barricades
  • The society is ruled by sultanates
  • The asaimara ('reds') are the politically dominant class
  • the adoimara ('whites') are the working class
how is their home

HOW IS THEIR HOME?

they build semi-permanent locations

they live in tent houses known as an 'ari'

women run the home and settlement and set up the houses

what do they wear
WHAT DO THEY WEAR?
  • women traditionally wear a headscarf called a 'shash'
  • most women don`t wear breast coverings
  • Their clothes are very colorful
how is their family
HOW IS THEIR FAMILY?
  • The tribes lay great stress on a man's toughness, strength and bravery
  • Descent is traced through the male line
  • marriages are usually monogamous
  • Divorce rates are high
  • Girls marry as early as 10
  • Marriages between first cousins are preferred
  • Circumcision is practiced for both boys and girls
what do they eat
WHAT DO THEY EAT?
  • Meat and milk are the major components of the Danakil diet
  • Other foods: fish, sour milk, porridge, wheat pancakes, red pepper,butter
what do they believe
WHAT DO THEY BELIEVE?
  • 99.9% - Sunni Muslim
  • less than 1% - Christians
  • The brand of Islam they practice is heavily syncretic and includes many elements of their indigenous religion
what are their problems
WHAT ARE THEIR PROBLEMS?
  • One of the most serious problems in Djibouti is droughand high temperatures
  • The second equally serious problem is the political pressureand local wars
are they hospitable
ARE THEY HOSPITABLE?
  • They are know for their hostility to strangers
  • When crossing their territory one must ask for permission
  • They are very hospitable once they know you
poetic life
POETIC LIFE
  • The Afar are oral people - they pass along their history in recitations
  • Women are the musicians of the village
what is the climate like
WHAT IS THE CLIMATE LIKE?
  • one of the hottest places on Earth (Africa`s hottest region)
  • temperatures: 77 °F (rainy season) to 118 °F (dry season
  • no rain for 3/4 of the year
geographic facts
GEOGRAPHIC FACTS
  • salt and mangrove forests
  • salt deposits of up to 3 miles thick
  • Erta Ale - a shieldvolcano

which makes a lava lake

slide17
GEOGRAPHIC FACTS

The region is famos for the impressive

lava structures

slide18
GEOGRAPHIC FACTS

Danakil region used to be part of the Red Sea

recent history
RECENT HISTORY
  • 1991 - victory of the Tigray Peoples Liberation Front
  • 1997 - Ethiopian troops occupied Eritrea
  • 2000 - Ethiopia launched an invasion on Eritrea
  • 2002 - the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission of Hague awarded the Danakil Depression to Ethiopia.
political leadership
POLITICAL LEADERSHIP
  • The country is led by sultanes who are appointed by the people
  • There are four sultanates:

- Aussa (Ethiopia)

- Biru (Ethiopia)

- Tajoura (Djibouti)

- Raheito (Djibouti)

visiting the danakil
VISITING THE DANAKIL
  • Djibouti is a place where few people have set foot
  • It has wide open spaces and a breath-taking scenery
  • Apocalyptic landscape
  • it is sometimes referred to as the ‘Cradle of Humanity’
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