Collaboration Works. National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges Model Courts Laboratories for Systems Change. Pennsylvania Roundtable Summit. Hon. Stephen M. Rubin Pima County Juvenile Court Tucson, Arizona Past President National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges.
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Collaboration Works National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges Model Courts Laboratories for Systems Change
Pennsylvania Roundtable Summit Hon. Stephen M. Rubin Pima County Juvenile Court Tucson, Arizona Past President National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
BestPractices • Timely Permanency for the Child • Oversight and Authority of Judge • One Family-One Judge • Substantive and Timely Hearings • Front-Loading • Effective Case Load Management • Time-Certain Calendaring • No Continuance Policy • Distribution of Orders After Hearings • Data Collection and Analysis
Best Practices Cont’d. • Access to Competent Representation • Child • Parent • Agency • Centrally Located and Accessible Court Facility • Child-Friendly • Secure • Access to Resources
Best Practices Cont’d. • State and National Interface • ASFA • Pew Commission Recommendations • Child and Family Service Reviews • Program Improvement Plans • Court Improvement Projects • State Action Plans
Fundamentals of Implementing System Reform • Strategic Planning • Critical Analysis and Feedback • Training Development and Implementation • Technical Assistance • Research • Evaluation
National Council of Juvenile And Family Court Judges • Family Violence Department • Juvenile and Family Law Department • Alcohol and Other Drugs Division • National Center for Juvenile Justice • National Collaborations • National Center on Substance Abuse and Child Welfare • National Center for State Courts • American Bar Association Center for Children and the Law • ~ among many others
Alexandria, Virginia Austin, Texas Baltimore, Maryland Buffalo, New York Charlotte, North Carolina Chicago, Illinois Colorado Statewide Concord, New Hampshire Dallas, Georgia Des Moines, Iowa El Paso, Texas Hattiesburg, Mississippi Honolulu, Hawaii Indianapolis, Indiana Lake Charles, Louisiana Las Vegas, Nevada Livingston County, Michigan Los Angeles, California Louisville, Kentucky Miami, Florida Nashville, Tennessee Newark, New Jersey New Orleans, Louisiana New York City, New York New York, Statewide Omaha, Nebraska Portland, Oregon San Jose California Seattle, Washington Toledo, Ohio Washington, D.C. Current Model Courts Senior Model Courts • Cincinnati, Ohio • Reno, Nevada • Salt Lake City, Utah • Tucson, Arizona
Systems Change Programs and Initiatives • Filling best practice needs • Front-Loading • Reasonable Efforts • Timely Permanency • Well-Being • Program and Initiative Development Components • Lead Judge • Multidisciplinary Collaborative Team • Model Court Liaison
Child HealthFront-Loading, Reasonable Efforts, Timely Permanency, Well-Being • Early Intervention Services • Miami, Des Moines, Omaha, Honolulu, Tucson • Mental Health • Cincinnati, San Jose, Tucson • Publications: • “Questions Every Judge and Lawyer Should As About Infants and Toddlers in the Child Welfare System” Technical Assistance Brief • Juvenile and Family Court Journal, Spring 2004 – Infants and Toddlers in Court
Child Health Cont.Front-Loading, Reasonable Efforts, Timely Permanency, Well-Being • Needs of Older Youth • Alexandria, Chicago, Honolulu, New Orleans, New York, Tucson • Publications • “The Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 and the John H. Chafee Foster Care Independence Program,” Technical Assistance Brief • Dually-Involved Youth
Visitation and EducationFront-Loading, Reasonable Efforts, Timely Permanency, Well-Being • Visitation Protocols and Guidelines • Des Moines, Los Angeles, Portland, Georgia • Education Initiatives • Chicago, Los Angeles, Newark, Portland, San Jose, Tucson • Publications: • “Asking the Right Questions: A Judicial Checklist to Ensure that the Educational Needs of Children and Youth in Foster Care are Being Addressed,” Technical Assistance Brief • “Improving Educational Outcomes for Youth in Foster Care: Perspectives from Judges and Program Specialists,” Technical Assistance Brief • Juvenile and Family Court Journal, Summer 2003 “Judicial Oversight of Parental Visitation in Family Reunification Cases”
Substance AbuseFront-Loading, Reasonable Efforts, Timely Permanency, Well-Being • Substance Abusing Parents • Cleveland, Los Angeles, Portland, San Jose, Tucson • Meth Action Planning • San Jose, Tucson • Foster Youth Abusing Drugs • Los Angeles
Substance Abuse Cont. • Publications • “Development of the Miami-Dade County Dependency Drug Court,” Technical Assistance Brief • Juvenile and Family Court Journal, Summer 2006 “Reclaiming Futures: A Model for Judicial Leadership in Community Responses to Juvenile Substance Abuse” • Juvenile and Family Court Journal, Summer 2005 “Judicial Perspectives on Family Drug Treatment Courts” • Juvenile and Family Court Journal, Fall 2004 “Treating Substance Abusing Parents: A Study of the Pima County Family Drug Court Approach
Other initiatives Alternative Dispute Resolution Expedited Appeals Family Violence Initiatives Foster Care Recruitment Statewide Outreach Specialized Dockets Truancy, Therapeutic Justice Model Court Strategic Planning
Pima County, ArizonaModel CourtEstablished in 1996 14 years of system reforms
MODEL DEPENDENCY COURT – 1996 • One of the first ten courts in the country • Implementing the NCJFCJ “Resource Guidelines for Child Abuse and Neglect Proceedings” • Expedite cases and services to achieve early permanency • Reforms enacted into law and implemented statewide • Ongoing collaboration to continue to improve outcomes
Six Foundational Principles • Leadership • Timely Decision-Making • Accountability • Due Process • Problem-Solving Culture • Monitoring Systems Effectiveness/Court Performance
DEPENDENCY: STATISTICS AND TRENDS • 1,694 Cases Pending • 3,043 Children • In 2008, 1,076 new petitions were filed • Dependency petitions 36% between • 2000 and 2009
DEPENDENCY: STATISTICS AND TRENDS January 2008 – December 2008 • 40% returned to parent • 31% adopted • 8% placed in permanent guardianship
DEPENDENCY: STATISTICS AND TRENDS January 2008 – December 2008
Case Closure * 2009 Data is Current as of 11/13/09
All Adoptions in Pima County *2009 Data is Current to November 13, 2009
Court Improvement Project (CIP) • Dependency Unit positions: • Three part-time Pre-Hearing Conference Facilitators • Three Data Specialists (extract & enter data from minute entries, run reports, analyze data) • Two Intake Specialists (immediate communication with CPS upon child’s removal; set Preliminary Protective Hearings and Pre-Hearing Conferences 5-7 days after removal; assign attorneys for children and parents) • One Dependency Specialist: arranges CLE Brown Bag trainings, liaison with CPS, attorneys, AG’s office
Court Improvement Project (CIP)Cont’d. • JOLTSaz: CIP funds a full-time I.T. programmer • All Dependency Unit staff work hand-in-hand with I.T. as the dependency module of new statewide data system is designed and implemented
Goals and Objectives • Model Court requires the setting of measurable goals • The Model Court Working Committee establishes the goals each year • Some goals are not achieved in the year they are originally set
1997 - 1998 • Formation of a multi-disciplinary inter-agency work group • Implementation of the “one-judge/one-family” system • Implementation of the Preliminary Protective Hearing and Pre-Hearing Conference • Implementation of a new calendar system • Attorney training • Mediation program • Mandatory settlement conference
1998 - 1999 • Full implementation of the mediation program • Full implementation and evaluation of Data Collection & Management System • Multi-disciplinary training • Collaborate with agency to enhance services • Expand availability of visitation services • Increased urinalysis testing • Facilitate quicker substance abuse evaluations • Develop a Resource Information Center for parents in dependency cases at the Juvenile Court • Provide calendar to all parents
1999 - 2000 • Develop a better collaborative case management process for dually referred/adjudicated minors to ensure safe placement and timely delivery of appropriate services • Collaborate with CPS and behavioral health services to enhance the timely assessment of and delivery of appropriate service to substance abusing parents • Continue collaboration with CPS: • Expand visitation resources • Implement Family Group Conferencing (funding and training) • Implement parent calendar program
1999 – 2000 cont’d • Collaborate with CPS and behavioral health providers to develop and implement processes for early, comprehensive assessment of children brought into care • Continue work with NCJFCJ and NCJJ to evaluate impact of Model Court reforms on the goal of early, safe permanency for children: • Collect relevant data • Develop relevant reports in Data Collection and Management System • Utilize outside evaluator
1999 – 2000 cont’d. • Collaborate with criminal bench, county attorney, law enforcement, adult probation and parole to facilitate delivery of services to child victims of physical and sexual abuse and their families • Celebrate children and families by holding special events to recognize and honor those who work with them and for them • Beginning in January 2000, use our new juvenile court facility to enhance dependency court proceedings and services
2000 - 2001 • Implementation of Family Drug Court Pilot Program • Improve collaboration through development of Community Advisory Committee to enhance delivery of services to children and families • Improve dependency data collection systems to streamline case management and monitor ASFA compliance
2001 - 2002 • “Back to Basics:” Look at where we have come from and recognize past accomplishments. From there, build on what we have and work from the bottom up to strengthen what is in place • Continue to assess and enhance data collection and reporting to increase reliability, improve access, expand reporting capabilities and stress the importance of good data to funding and accountability • Continue to review, monitor and evaluate the Family Drug Court Pilot Project and the Court Assisted Treatment Services (CATS) Project
2002 - 2003 • Develop a written protocol, approved by the bench and the stakeholders, to improve the quality and reduce the quantity of disclosure, in order to focus court hearings on the well-being of children • Improve data collection and retrieval to monitor ASFA compliance • Seek out and apply for funding sources to sustain the Family Drug Court
2003 - 2004 • Restructure the Dependency Court calendar to accommodate the increased number of petitions to ensure compliance with Arizona statutory time frames and promote efficient scheduling of hearings • Improve the quality and quantity of parent-child visitation • Increase the use of alternative dispute resolution
2005 - 2006 • Develop and implement cross-systems strategies for addressing the impact of methamphetamine abuse on children and families • Identify and collect data on methamphetamine use as a factor in dependency cases • Identify services currently available for methamphetamine abusers, evidence-based best practices, and gaps in available services • Convene a public forum/training with other community organizations on the local impact of methamphetamine abuse, data collected, services currently available and evidence-based best practices
2005 – 2006 cont’d. • Develop and implement strategies to achieve permanency for children in care more than two years • Develop a report identifying this group of children by age, gender, placement, current plan, prior plans, barriers to permanency, relatives, parental involvement, assigned judge or other relevant factors • Identify and review current strategies, compare with strategies successfully utilized in other jurisdictions, and brainstorm new strategies
2005-2006 cont’d. • Involve parents, extended family and other community and natural support persons in the development, expedited implementation and ongoing monitoring of case plans for parents and children • Modify the Pre-Hearing Conference to incorporate and build on the results of the CPS Team Decision-Making process and the Child and Family Team process • Utilize the same core group of family and other constituents (whether developed through TDM, CFT, ART or the PHC) to develop, implement and monitor case plans for parents and children • In cooperation with the DMC/JDAI Initiative, develop a matrix of child/family-centered ADR/decision-making processes; train stakeholders
2006-2007 • Educational Committee- Improve educational outcomes for dependent children • Education Summit • Organize a stakeholder’s forum. Goal is to collaborate with schools to improve educational outcomes for court-involved youth • Career Day • Early Childhood Education • Work on Resource Guide for daycare option • Endless Dreams • Create a video on educational needs of foster children. • Alternatives to suspension and expulsion • Education consultants • DMC/JDAI • Model Delinquency Court
2006 – 2007 cont’d. • Adult Substance Abuse Committee- Increase the successful provision of timely and effective substance abuse services to parents. • Adult Network Sub-committee • Immediate Engagement Sub-Committee • Sustainability • Community Involvement
2006 -2007 cont’d. • Children’s Voice Committee-Provide better and more effective ways for the child’s voice to be heard in all aspects of dependency proceedings.
2007 - 2008 • Reactivated Cases Subcommittee:Charged with collecting data on reactivated dependency cases and implement changes that may reduce the number of cases that result in reactivated petitions by • Refining data collection, analyzing data, compare with national statistics, and develop a profile of reactivated cases • Enhance the current “Adult Recovery Team” pilot on Judge Wagener’s caseload, adding a Community Recovery Staffing to ensure continued support to families beyond the dependency process • Develop, conduct and disseminate the results of a survey of parents whose cases have reactivated, as well as parents on closed dependency cases
2007 – 2008 cont’d. • Data Collaborative Subcommittee:Charged with reviewing, developing, analyzing, and sharing data across multi-systems to improve the outcomes of dependent children and their families and make recommendations to facilitate system change by comparing, reconciling and correcting data across agency databases ( including race, name, John Doe, DOB, placement) • Family Law Workgroup Subcommittee: Charged with developing and implementing a system for identification of issues and cases common to juvenile, family and probate courts, so that appropriate orders can be entered regarding paternity, child support, custody and parenting.
2007 – 2008 cont’d. • Permanency Subcommittee: Charged with identifying and characterizing the number of dependent children who have no permanent plan after two years or more in out-of-home care. Committee will implement a pilot program for permanency collaborative reviews. • Children’s Voice Subcommittee: This committee will develop better and more effective ways for the child’s voice to be heard in all aspects of dependency proceedings.
2008 - 2009 • Courts Catalyzing Change: Charged with identifying, analyzing and improving race data and making recommendations to improve any disproportionality found. • Passport to Adulthood: Charged with assisting judges and agencies in their efforts to focus on all areas of an adolescent’s life to ensure that needs are met, resources are garnered and young adults are prepared to leave foster care.
2008 – 2009 cont’d. • Senior Model Court: Charged with developing and implementing – in collaboration with NCJFCJ, a process to mentor other court jurisdictions; embracing proven best practices beginning with stakeholder collaboration and including the principles in the Resource Guidelines. • Severance Trial and Calendar:Charged with developing a protocol for timely completion of severance trials and permanency hearings for children three and under.
2008 – 2009 cont’d. • Community Outreach:Charged with launching proactive, formal and collaborative efforts toward educating the larger Tucson community on dependency issues, the role of Model Court stakeholders, Model Court initiatives and best practices, the effects of child abuse and neglect, and the role the community and individuals can play in prevention and support.