Warm-up 1/20 • Get the map and instructions from the table. • Carefully write down next week’s RQ assignment. • 142-144 A Diverse Society, American Life Today • 161-162 A Land of Many Cultures • 221 Mexican Life Today • 226-227 Popular Culture Tourism and Jobs • 237 A National Culture • 239 Brazilian Life Today
Daily Focus 9/15 • Why do you think the Hamer peoples (of Ethiopia) do this? • Do Americans do anything similar? • Yes, he is running naked across the backs of cows
Intro to Culture & Intercultural Faux Pas WorldGeography 2010-2011
features of a group of people’s way of life, passed down through generations by teachings, examples and imitation. What is culture?
Innovation: creation Diffusion: spreading of ideas. How do cultures develop? 10% 90%
Hearth: Where something originates Cultural Hearths Culture Hearth: Center of learning and innovation that diffuses to other regions
Migration When people move, they take their clothing, food, religion, and language with them. How does culture spread? • Silk Road • Columbian • Exchange Trade
Assimilation • joining or fitting in with a larger culture. • (German descendants in the USA.)
Acculturation • A culture accepting an innovation or diffusion from another culture
Ethnocentrism:judging other cultures by the rules of your culture.
Xenophobia:fear of outsiders (limits diffusion) “For more security.”
Elements of Culture • Language
Elements of Culture • Religion
Elements of Culture • Institutions Ex. education, political/economic systems
Elements of Culture • technology
Elements of Culture Beliefs and Customs
What is a Faux Pas? • From the French phrase faux pas, of the same meaning; composed of faux, “false”, and pas, “step”. • Basically, it is a violation of accepted social rules. What could be good manners in one culture could be a faux pas in another.
Cultural Differences:Eating • In Korean and Chinese cultures, the practice of sticking chopsticks or spoons in a bowl of rice during the meal is a no, no. This is done only during memorial services. The action reflects death or bad luck.
Cultural Differences:Eating • In Norway, Malaysia and Singapore, it's rude to leave anything on your plate, but in Egypt, it's rude not to. If you finish a drink in Indonesia, it implies you'd like another.
Cultural Differences:Eating • In India, no matter how good your palakpaneer is, offering someone a taste off your plate is a no-no. It is seen as unclean. Enjoy your food, rave about it all you want, but keep it to yourself.
Cultural Differences:Eating • When you buy a Coke on the street in Romania, you are only buying the liquid; you actually have to stand there while drinking and then promptly return the bottle!
Cultural Differences:Eating • In France, many chefs would be appalled if you ruined their culinary masterpieces with condiments like ketchup. So get used to your “prommes frites” without the ketchup.
Weird Laws Singapore It is illegal to chew gum, feed birds, spit, and not flush the toilet. The gum law was loosened in 2004, when they started to allow Nicorette. Gambling will be legal in 2009, and you can now legally dance on top of bars. Fines will run you ~$100.
Weird Laws from East Asia Thailand It is illegal to drive a car topless. Most cops give warning, but tickets can go up to a few hundred baht! (~$10).
Lift eyebrows Press forefinger into cheek and whistle Stroke cheek Put an imaginary telescope to eye Kiss fingertips Grasp beard Italian Arab Frenchman American Greek Brazilian Cultural Differences:Reactions to a Pretty GirlWho does what?
Brazil Be careful in Brazil, even if you are a married man. Women are very forward and aggressive romantically. South America
Cultural Differences:Addressing someone by name • In China, Scandinavia and Eastern Europe, people relate formally, on a last-name basis. In China, the last name is spoken first, followed by the "first" name. For instance, Chen Yung Po would be Mr. Chen. People in Thailand, Fiji and Israel call one another by their first names, as they do in Iceland, where the telephone directory is alphabetized according to first name.
Cultural Differences:Eye Contact • In American culture, direct eye contact during a conversation shows respect and intensive listening; avoiding it is a sign of nervousness or lying. But for Koreans, avoiding direct eye contact is the only acceptable way to hold a conversation. Koreans may think you’re bold, impolite or even aggressive if you are looking right at them when speaking.
Cultural Differences:Touching • In Thailand, no matter how adorable they are, resist the urge to pat a child on the noggin. It is taboo to touch someone on the head, as it is a revered part of the body.
Cultural Differences:Relaxation/Posture • Whether on desks, coffee tables or just lounging on the couch, the act of putting one’s feet up may be a sign of relaxation in our culture. However, this action, especially showing the sole of the shoe to someone, is considered unclean and one of the greatest of insults in Arabic cultures.
Cultural Differences:Gift-giving • Have a friend in Russia who is expecting a baby? Don’t buy them anything before the baby is born. It is seen as bad luck.
Cultural Differences:Facial Gestures • Raising the Eyebrow: • In Tonga, it means “yes” or “I agree.” • In Peru, it means “money” or “pay me.”
Cultural Differences:Facial Gestures • Flicking your ear: • In Italy, this signifies that a nearby gentleman is effeminate.
Cultural Differences:Facial Gestures • Chin Flick: • In Italy, it signifies “Buzz off” or “not interested.” • In Brazil and Paraguay, it means “I don’t know.”
Cultural Differences:Facial Gestures • Licking your lips: • No matter how parched your lips are in the Zimbabwe heat, never lick them while looking at someone of the opposite sex. It is considered an obscene gesture.
Your Chinese host gives you his business card. What do you do then? Exchanging cards is a very important tradition. You should offer and accept cards with both hands. Read it and then put it away. Do not write anything on it. It should be in the native language on one side and English on the reverse.
Cultural Differences:Hand Gestures • Fingers Circle: • Known as the American “okay,” it is seen in Brazil and Germany as VERY vulgar and obscene. • In Japan, it signifies “money.” • In France, it means “zero” or “worthless.”
Cultural Differences:Hand Gestures • When in India, don’t call someone over by pointing or wagging your finger. Instead, hold your hand out, palm down, and scoop with your fingers. You’ll have much better results.
Cultural Differences:Hand gestures • Vertical horns: • In Italy, it means that you are being cuckolded (being cheated on by a significant other). • In Brazil and other parts of Latin America, it is a sign of good luck.
Cultural Differences:Hand Gestures • Thumbs up, like the OK symbol, is a positive symbol in American culture, but this same gesture is an offensive Iraqi insult, equivalent to using the middle finger in the Western world. Some media savvy Iraqis may understand the Western meaning of an upturned thumb as well is OK, but other Iraqis may see the gesture in its traditional sense. Gig ‘em!