Using Magazines and Journals Scholarly and Popular
Many types of periodicals • Periodicals is a broad term for publications that are published “periodically” • Include magazines, journals, newspapers, annuals and more • Like all information sources, periodicals can be very unreliable or very reliable
Types of Periodicals • Scholarly • peer reviewed • reliable primary research • Trade • Reports of research and news for members of a specific business, industry or organization • Secondary reports of research
Types of Periodicals • Popular • Summaries for the layperson; possible inaccuracies or a very abbreviated explanation due to writer’s lack of knowledge. • Sensational / Tabloid • Exploitive, inflammatory, or erroneous information
Authors are journalists Written for general audience Often printed on glossy paper, many ads/photos Shorter length Written by expert in content field Has bibliography, charts, graphs Content may be the result of research Lacks ads, photos in most cases Popular Scholarly
“Peer Reviewed” or not? • If an article has been “peer reviewed”, it has been judged valuable by other experts in the field. • “Peer reviewed” articles are often scholarly. • You can often restrict your search for articles to only those articles which have been peer-reviewed.
Primary vs. Secondary Sources • Primary Sources • Present new data or new theories based on experiments, field work, etc. • “Eyewitness” accounts are also primary research because the author(s) actually were present at an event/discovery. • Secondary Sources • Present a summary of known data. • Reference and textbooks are secondary or even tertiary sources.
Research Articles • Not all articles in Scholarly journals are research articles. • May also include: • Book reviews • Letters to the editor • Introductions to the issue • Literature reviews of a topic • Theory articles not reflecting actual research
Characteristics of a Research Article • Format of a Research article • Introduction • Literature review • Method /Data **A quick way to identify research articles • Results • Discussion /conclusion • Bibliography /References
Other Characteristics • Multiple authors • Authors have higher educational degrees • Length of article (at least 6+ pages and may run to 20+ pages) • Charts and tables • Long list of References • Not every article will have all the characteristics
Recommended RVC Resources • For Overviews: • Print materials found in Reference • Encyclopedia of Sociology • International Encyclopedia of Marriage and Family • Electronic versions of the same resources found in the Gale Virtual Reference database
Recommended RVC Resources • Sources for Research Articles • Academic Search Premier Database** • Proquest • Wilson Select • ** Recommended for your first choice
Questions • Unsure about your article • Check with your instructor • Check with a Librarian • Unsure about the database searching process • Check with a librarian • 815 921-4605 • Stop in the Library for in-person help