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Frederick the Great 1712-1786

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Frederick the Great 1712-1786. Background. Frederick was born in Berlin Was a member of the Hohenzollern dynasty Was a rebellious teen and tried to escape his father’s tyrannical rule Had to watch his friend get beheaded. House of Hohenzollern.

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Presentation Transcript
background
Background
  • Frederick was born in Berlin
  • Was a member of the Hohenzollern dynasty
  • Was a rebellious teen and tried to escape his father’s tyrannical rule
  • Had to watch his friend get beheaded
slide3
House of

Hohenzollern

slide4
Frederick assumed the throne in 1740 and became king of Prussia
  • From 1740-1748, Frederick fought the war of Austrian Sucession to gain Silesia from Austria
  • Prussia won and gained Silesia
seven years war
Seven Years War
  • By 1756, an alliance of Austria, Russia, Sweden and France was forming against Prussia
  • The Seven Years War began as Prussia invaded Saxony
  • Prussia was getting invaded frequently
  • Some consider this the 1st world war
slide9
Prussia was close to losing but was saved when Empress Elizabeth of Russia died in 1762
  • This allowed the anti-Prussian coalition to break up
  • Prussia did not gain territory, but kept Silesia
later achievements
Later Achievements
  • Frederick was considered an enlightened despot
    • This is an absolute monarch in which a ruler uses power to make positive social and political changes
    • He was a patron of Bach and Voltaire
slide12
Abolished torture
  • Built canals
  • Grew new crops (potato and turnip)
  • Religious toleration
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