. Scotland panos george kostas.
From the stone circles that are scattered across Scotland’s islands, which are thought to date back 5,000 years, to the opening of the new Scottish Parliament in 1999, Scotland has a rich and colourful history. As you travel around Scotland, uncover stories of heroes, villains, fallen monarchs and bloody battles. Find out more about Scotland’s literary greats, trace back your family history and marvel at some truly breathtaking castles, monuments and architecture.
Plan a trip around some of Scotland’s fascinating castles with ideas on what mysterious ruins and imposing properties to visit.
Scotland is internationally known for its traditional music, which has remained vibrant throughout the 21st century, when many traditional forms worldwide lost popularity to pop music. In spite of emigration and a well-developed connection to music imported from the rest of Europe and the United States, the music of Scotland has kept many of its traditional aspects; indeed, it has itself fluenced many forms of music.SCOTLANDPGK
The geography of Scotland is highly varied, from rural lowlands to barren uplands, and from large cities to uninhabited islands. Located in Northern Europe, Scotland comprises the northern one third of the island of Great Britain as well as 790 surrounding islands encompassing the major archipelagoes of the Shetland Islands, Orkney Islands and the Inner and Outer Hebrides.SCOTLAND PKG
Edinburgh, the country's capital and second-largest city, is one of Europe's largest financial centres.Edinburgh was the hub of the Scottish Enlightenment of the 18th century, which transformed Scotland into one of the commercial,
intellectual, and industrial powerhouses of Europe. Glasgow, Scotland's largest city was once one of the world's leading industrial cities and now lies at the centre of the Greater Glasgowconurbation. Scottish waters consist of a large sector of the North Atlantic and the North Sea, containing the largest oil reserves in the European Union. This has given Aberdeen, the third-largest city in Scotland, the title of Europe's oil capitalSCOTLAND
There are so many Scottish customs and traditions that we can only touch the surface here. But people from all four corners of the globe know that we are nation rich in history and culture, and many of our traditions have been adopted throughout the world. If I asked 1,000 people from around the world what they associated with Scotland or Scottish customs and traditions, we would get a variety of answers. To some it would be the scenery, to others whisky or golf, or some of the folklore such as Nessie, the Loch Ness Monster. Other folk would think of men in kilts and Highland dancing; while others might think of bagpipe music. Perhaps some scientists among us might think of all the inventions made by famous Scots such as the telephone and television or the discovery of penicillin, while others might remember that the great philanthropist Andrew Carnegie was a Scot.SCOTLAND
THE LAKE LOCH NESS
The Loch Ness Monster is a cryptid, reputedly a large unknown animal that inhabits Loch Ness in the Scottish Highlands. It is similar to other supposed lake monsters in Scotland and elsewhere, though its description varies from one account to the next. Popular interest and belief in the animal's existence has varied since it was first brought to the world's attention in 1933. Evidence of its existence is anecdotal, with minimal and much-disputed photographic material and sonar readings.SCOTLAND