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The Role Of BMC3I Simulation In Advancing The NATO Active Layered Theatre Ballistic Missile Defence (ALTBMD) Programme PowerPoint Presentation
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The Role Of BMC3I Simulation In Advancing The NATO Active Layered Theatre Ballistic Missile Defence (ALTBMD) Programme . Nicholas J Hatton Jim Watkins NC3A USASMDC. Presentation Outline. NATO ALTBMD Programme

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slide1

The Role Of BMC3I Simulation In Advancing The NATO Active Layered Theatre Ballistic Missile Defence (ALTBMD) Programme

Nicholas J Hatton Jim Watkins

NC3A USASMDC

presentation outline
Presentation Outline
  • NATO ALTBMD Programme
    • Integrated assessment of system architectures and BMC3I options
    • Battle Management options analysis
      • Modes of control
      • Impact of varying the location of BMC3I functions
  • EADSIM Capabilities Overview
    • Systems
    • BMC3I
    • Rulesets
background
Background
  • Objective: By 2010, to field an Active Layered Theatre Ballistic Missile Defence (ALTBMD) capability that will protect forces deployed on NATO missions from theatre ballistic missiles
  • Progress: On 11 March 2005, the North Atlantic Council approved the Charter for the ALTBMD Programme Management Organisation (PMO)
context
1991 Gulf War

February 25th. Hit US barracks at Dharan, killing 28 and injuring over 100.

Context

88 TBMs launched

Coalition forces knew the ballistic missiles that Iraq developed from Soviet Scud Bs as "Scuds," regardless of Iraq's Arabic names for their longer-range variants. Iraq fired mainly the Al Hussein model at the Kuwait theater of operations and Israel.

system architecture

NATO

COMMAND

&

CONTROL

SENSORS

WEAPON

SYSTEMS

THREAT

NATO UNCLASSIFIED

3

System Architecture
  • Flexible, reliable BMC3I arrangements are fundamental
method of operation moo

Centralised: C2 Centre (Level 1, 2 or 3) monitors status of subordinate Fire Units (FUs) and conducts TEWA

  • Decentralised (Level 1, 2 or 3 C2):
  • By Negation – C2 Centre monitors engagement status of subordinate FUs and issues veto commands for deconfliction & inventory balancing (proactive)

Engage Order

FU Status

Engage Approval

Engage Request

Engage Denial

Engage Status

Engage Veto

  • By Authorisation – C2 Centre approves or denies engagement requests from subordinate FUs (reactive)
Method of Operation (MOO)

CAOC

C2 Level 3

ARS

ARS

C2 Level 2

SAM C3*

SAM C3*

C2 Level 1

Upper

Layer

Weapon

System

Lower

Layer

Weapon

System

Lower

Layer

Weapon

System

Upper

Layer

Weapon

System

Boost

Phase

Interceptor

System

Upper

Layer

Weapon

System

Autonomous: Each Fire Unit acts independently and conducts its own localised TEWA

Sensor

Sensor

Interceptor

Interceptor

BMC3I

Sensor

Sensor

BMC3I

Interceptor

Interceptor

Sensor

BMC3I

BMC3I

Interceptor

BMC3I

Sensor

Interceptor

BMC3I

The ALTBMD architecture shall enable mixed MOOs for ALTBMD assets

* Probable implementation as a SAM C2 capability within the ARS

bmc3i options
BMC3I Options
  • Option 1: Purely autonomous
  • Option 2: Decentralized (by negation) at level 1; isolated upper-tier systems operate autonomously
  • Option 3: Centralized at level 1, autonomous elsewhere
  • Option 4: Decentralized (by negation) at level 1 with coordination
  • Option 5: Centralized at level 1 with coordination
  • Option 6: Decentralized (by negation) at level 2
  • Option 7: Centralized at level 3.
mode of control analysis
Mode of Control Analysis
  • BMC3I system will be required to support all of the modes of control
summary part 1
Summary (Part 1)
  • NATO Active Layered Theatre Ballistic Missile Defence (ALTBMD) Programme is underway
  • Integrated assessment of system architectures and BMC3I options supported by EADSIM
    • Sensors
    • Weapon Systems
    • BMC3I
  • M&S provided the analytical foundation from which the Architecture-level and System-level technical requirements were derived
slide10

Extended Air Defense SimulationOverview

  • Force-On-Force simulation of air, missile, and space
  • Analysis, Training, Test, And Operational Planning in a single, integrated package
  • Community accepted model
  • Supports worldwide user base of over 390 users
  • MDA Core Model
  • NATO (NC3A) Use For Over 10 Years
  • Industry Use (US, Europe) For ALTBMD Feasibility Studies

DISTRIBUTION A. Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.

slide11

PROGRAM OVERVIEW

  • Baseline funding provided by MDA and SMDFWC
  • User-funded enhancements are the key to EADSIM growth and success
  • Version 12.00 is the latest released version (Jan 2005)
  • Multiple ongoing enhancements, User funded site support, Exercise support, User’s hotline
  • Configuration managed with joint CCB.
  • EADSIM is strongly supported by the user community

DISTRIBUTION A. Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.

eadsim models
EADSIM Models ......

DISTRIBUTION A. Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.

eadsim applicability to altbmd

SENSORS

WEAPON

SYSTEMS

NATO UNCLASSIFIED

3

EADSIM – Applicability to ALTBMD

NATO

COMMAND

&

CONTROL

  • Models all the elements of the problem
  • Provides the flexibility to explore solutions
    • Methods of operation
    • Flexibility of representation
  • Each element constructed using composable models
  • Behavior and interaction flexibility

THREAT

DISTRIBUTION A. Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.

behavior modeling

User

-

Composable

Some Factors In Platform

Behavior

Decisions:

Select Rulesets

Relationships

Select Behaviors

Cdr/subordinate

Assets

Engagement Supporter

Flight Leader/Wingman

Home Base

Perceived Situation

Sensed

Reported

Other Elements of the Player

Type (Such as Movement

Element Data

Element Data

Model)

Linked Together At

Weapons Available

SYSTEMS

SYSTEMS

Run Time To Form

Rulesets

Rulesets

Protocols

Protocols

Network Connections

The Specified

Sensors

Sensors

Formations

Formations

Behavior

Jammers

Jammers

Icons

Icons

Every Player Has A

Every Player Has A

Communication

Communication

Unique Perception

Airframe

Airframe

Unique Perception

Devices

Devices

Radar

Radar

Pk, Flyout

Pk, Flyout

Infrared

Infrared

Identification

Identification

Cross

Cross

Weapons

Weapons

Signature

Signature

Classes

Classes

Tables

Tables

Section

Section

Behavior Modeling

Decision And

Engagement

Battle

Processes

Management/c3

(BM/C3) Phases

Set Parameters

Program Trigger

Responses To

Message

Event/response

Messages

Processing

Combinations

User Tailors

Track Processing

Handling Of

Behavior

Different

Types Of

Track Data

DISTRIBUTION A. Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.

weapon models
Weapon Models
  • EADSIM Models Multiple Classes of Weapons
  • Conventional
  • Nuclear
  • Chemical / Biological
  • Directed Energy
  • Electromagnetic Pulse / High Power Radio Frequency

Explicit Flyout Model Has Been Updated. Used in RS05, JPOW VIII, IMD Exercises

Earth Rotation In Interceptor Flight Added

User Configurable Weapons Allow Almost Any Weapon to be Represented

Ballistic Missile Flight Model Compared To Standard Threat Developer Suites Integration Effort

  • User Selectable Levels of Fidelity
  • Explicit Flyout
  • Flyout Tables
  • Constant Velocity

Guidance Updates for Missile Defense Underway in FY05

DISTRIBUTION A. Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.

radar
RADAR

DISTRIBUTION A. Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.

summary
SUMMARY
  • EADSIM is extensively used in NATO Missile Defense Studies
  • EADSIM has the capabilities to support studies in many other areas (C4ISR, Space, Attack Operations, and Directed Energy).
  • EADSIM flexibility has been significantly enhanced in Version 12.00.
  • Planned enhancements emphasize Missile Defense study support.

DISTRIBUTION A. Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.

contacts

NC3A Brussels

Visiting address:

Bâtiment ZAvenue du Bourget 140B-1110 BrusselsTelephone +32 (0)2 7074111Fax +32 (0)2 7078770

Postal address:NATO C3 AgencyBoulevard Leopold IIIB-1110 BrusselsBelgium

NC3A The Hague

Visiting address:

Oude Waalsdorperweg 612597 AK The HagueTelephone +31 (0)70 3743000Fax +31 (0)70 3743239

Postal address:NATO C3 AgencyP.O. Box 1742501 CD The HagueThe Netherlands

Contacts

SMDC Future Warfare Center

Visiting address:

Building 5220Redstone Arsenal, AlabamaTelephone +1 (256) 9551681

Fax +1 (256) 9552455

Postal address:USASMDCP.O. Box 1500, SDMC-FW-SMHuntsville, Alabama 35870-3801United States