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Economic Development of Uzbekistan 1991-2010 Abdukadirov Nuritdin Rahimboyev Alisher PowerPoint Presentation
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Economic Development of Uzbekistan 1991-2010 Abdukadirov Nuritdin Rahimboyev Alisher

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Economic Development of Uzbekistan 1991-2010 Abdukadirov Nuritdin Rahimboyev Alisher

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  1. Economic Development of Uzbekistan 1991-2010 AbdukadirovNuritdin RahimboyevAlisher Nagoya University - 2010

  2. Uzbekistan Area 447,400 sq. km Population: 27.3 mln. Including able-bodied – 16.3 mln. Population density - 57,5 per 1 sq.km. Uzbekistan borders 5 countries with total population exceeding 60 mln.

  3. Uzbekistan (some key data) Russia conquered the territory of present-day Uzbekistan in the late 19th century. Stiff resistance to the Red Army after the Boshevik Revolution was eventually suppressed and a socialist republic established in 1924. During the Soviet era, intensive production of "white gold" (cotton) and grain led to overuse of agrochemicals and the depletion of water supplies, which have left the land poisoned and the Aral Sea and certain rivers half dry. Independent since 1991, the country seeks to gradually lessen its dependence on agriculture while developing its mineral and petroleum reserves. Current concerns include terrorism by Islamic militants, economic stagnation, and the curtailment of human rights and democratization. (CIA world factbook)

  4. Economic condition in 1991 • Net subsidy from Soviet Union’s central budget in 1991 was 21% of Uzbekistan’s GDP • Economy was centered around agriculture, mainly cotton production, giving 37.2% of GDP and 41.9% of total employment (also 47.9% of total foreign earnings where from cotton). • Industry was dependent from cheap energy resources from other soviet countries.

  5. GDPdynamics (1991-2009)

  6. GDP structure

  7. Exportstructure

  8. Import structure

  9. HDI indicators

  10. Natural Resources of Uzbekistan

  11. Population pyramid 2010 – 2020 years