Finding Private Funds Donna Craighead, Ph.D. RedRock Reports, Senior Analyst
Key Objectives • Review types of funds • Clarify what you want • Locate general resources • Reflect and share RedRock Reports Confidential
Types of Funds • Federal • Federal to States • State to SEAs/LEAs (using federal dollars) • State to SEAs/LEAs (using state dollars) • Private • Mixed (hodge-podge of sources) RedRock Reports Confidential
National– educators throughout the US or limited states may apply; for example, Lego’s Children’s Fund (all states) and Dollar General Youth Literacy Grants (selected states). More Examples:- American Library Association (ALA) National Education Association (NEA) Barbara Bush Literacy Foundation RedRock Reports Confidential
State – educators throughout a state may apply; for example, Dan Marino Foundation (limited to Florida). More Examples: Arizona Community Foundation (AZ) The Beirne Carter Foundation (VA) G. R. Dodge Foundation (NJ) Boeing Foundation (AZ, CA, CO, DC, FL, GA, HI, IL, KS, MD, MO, NV, NM, OH, OK, OR, PA, SC, TX, UT, WA) RedRock Reports Confidential
Regional– educators throughout a region may apply; for example, Southwest Florida Community Foundation (Lee, Charlotte, Collier, Hendry and Glades counties, Florida.) More examples: - Edwin S. Webster Foundation (New England) - Community Foundation of North Central Massachusetts (Mid-MA) - Charles H. Dater Foundation, Inc. (Cincinnati, KY, and IN) RedRock Reports Confidential
Local– educators within a local area (generally city/county) may apply; for example, Alchua County Public Schools Foundation in Florida. More Examples: - El Paso Community Foundation (El Paso) - Ray C. Fish Foundation (Houston) - Hillsdale County Community Foundation (MI) RedRock Reports Confidential
Local - The Forgotten Sources PTAs, Furniture Stores, Computer Stores, Banks, Refreshment Establishments (Bars), Service Clubs, Garage Sales RedRock Reports Confidential
FUNDING AMOUNTS Funding amounts vary. RedRock Reports Confidential
Funding amounts for individuals or individual projects vary greatly. For example, frequently mini-grants for the classroom approximately range in the $200-$500 category while other grants may range from $7,000 - $10,000. There are higher amounts from private sources. RedRock Reports Confidential
National foundations may have $15,000 total per year to award, while a local foundation may have $2 million total per year to award and vice versa. RedRock Reports Confidential
Funding amounts within a foundation or corporate entity can vary within the foundation or corporate entity depending the proposal’s request, how much the governing board deems necessary, or how much money is available in a particular fiscal year. RedRock Reports Confidential
MINI-GRANTS & Exponents RedRock Reports Confidential
Mixed (hodge-podge) • Combination of Federal/State/District/ Local and/or Private funds. • Arkansas: SCIENCE TEACHERS USING AUDIENCE RESPONSE TECHNOLOGY • Massachusetts: After-School and Out-of-School Time Quality Grant – past due • Matching Funds (or proportional matching funds) RedRock Reports Confidential
Clarify what you want! Expedite Your Trip “Before looking for funding… know what you want to do with the funding.” RedRock Reports Confidential
Clarify what your want! “Size matters!” $500 to $5 million Pros & Cons Discussion RedRock Reports Confidential
“Selected Grant Resources” • United States Government/Regional Centers • State Grant Management Sites • National Organizations • Corporate Grant Sites/Foundations • Private Grant Sites/Foundations • Community Grant Sites/Foundations • Local Funding • Commercial Grant Services • Periodicals/Miscellaneous RedRock Reports Confidential
Finding the Funds RedRock Reports Confidential
ARRAOverview Anne Wujcik Education Research Analyst, MDR
Education-Related ARRA $ • State Fiscal Stabilization Fund - $53.6 B • Categorical Education Programs - $27.2 B – Title I, IDEA, Enhancing Education Through Technology (EETT), Voc Rehabilitation, etc. • School Bond Programs* - $24.8 B *Department of the Treasury
Guiding Principles Goal: Investing quickly and investing wisely. • Spend funds quickly to save and create jobs. • States and LEAs are urged to move rapidly to develop plans for using funds and to promptly begin spending funds. • Improve student achievement through school improvement and reform. • Ensure transparency, reporting, and accountability. • ARRA funds are subject to additional and more rigorous reporting requirements than normally apply. • Invest one-time ARRA funds thoughtfully to minimize the "funding cliff." • Invest in ways that do not result in unsustainable continuing commitments. • Short-term investments with the potential for long-term benefits
Assurances These assurances are central to SFSF and referred to repeatedly in the ED guidance. States are asked to address how they are now and plan to: • Increase teacher effectiveness and address the equitable distribution of qualified teachers for all students, particularly students who are most in need • Establish and use pre-K through college and career data systems to track progress and foster continuous improvement • Make progress toward rigorous college- and career-ready standards and high-quality assessments that are valid and reliable for all students, including English language learners and students with disabilities • Provide targeted, intensive support and effective interventions to turn around schools identified for corrective action and restructuring
Transparency • All ARRA funds must be tracked separately • Quarterly reports on both financial information and how funds are being used • Estimated number of jobs created • Amount of state and local tax increases averted • Subcontracts and sub-grants required to comply with the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act • Reporting template being developed for use by States to capture required information
AARA Tax Credit Bonds Qualified School Construction Bonds • These Bonds are administered by the U.S. Treasury, and may be used by State and local governments for public school facilities construction, rehabilitation, repair, or acquisition of land for construction. Of a total of $22 billion, $11 billion is available in 2009 and a like sum in 2010. Qualified School Construction Bonds for Indian Schools • These Bonds are administered by the U.S. Treasury. Indian tribal governments are eligible for the $400 million for Indian schools construction, rehabilitation, and repair, of schools that are funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, with $200 million available in 2009 and a like amount in 2010. Qualified Zone Academy Bonds (QZAB’s) • These Bonds are administered by the U.S. Treasury, with $2 billion available to States and local public school districts for repair or rehabilitation of public school facilities. The national QZAB’s limit is increased to $1.4 billion in 2009 and $1.4 billion 2010.
Qualified School Construction Bonds • Zero-interest bond program – issuer only pays back principal to the bondholder; the bondholder receives a federal tax credit in the amount of the interest due. • 40% of bond authority ($4.4B) is designated for the 100 largest school districts and for 25 school districts identified by the ED with the greatest need • 60% ($6.6 B) allocated through Title I formula to states, who can issue bonds themselves or reallocate authority to LEAs. • Must spend proceeds within 3 years of bond issuance.
Qualified Zone Academy Bonds • ARRA expanded QZAB program from $400 million each year to $1.4 billion each year for 2009 and 2010. • Zero-interest bond program – issuer only pays back principal to the bondholder; the bondholder receives a federal tax credit in the amount of the interest due. • School district or school can benefit if it is located in a federal Enterprise Community or Empowerment Zone or if 35% of students qualify for free or reduced priced school lunches. • Applicants must also provide at least a 10% match of the net total present value of the bond from a business or nonprofit partner. • QZABs must be used for rehabilitating or repairing public school facilities, investing in new equipment and technology, developing challenging course materials, and training teachers. QZABs may not be used for new construction.
SFSF Grants Available Now: $32.4 billion (67%) • K-20 Education - $26.6 B • To restore support of public elementary, secondary, and higher education and, as applicable, early childhood education programs and services • Funds must be distributed using the state’s primary funding formula for K-12 education and through a mechanism determined by the state to institutions of higher education • Public Safety & Other Government Services - $5.8 B • For public safety and other government services, which may include assistance for elementary and secondary education and IHEs • K-12 and higher education modernization, renovation, and repair All the SFSF money is distributed using population-based formulae.
State Action for SFSF The state must submit an application* that provides: • Assurances that the state is committed to advancing education reform in four specific areas • Baseline data that demonstrates the state's current status in each of the four education reform areas • A description of how the state intends to use its allocation Maintenance of effort (MOE) • As part of the state's application, each governor must include an assurance that the state will maintain the same level of support for elementary, secondary, and postsecondary education in FY2009 through FY2011 as it did in FY2006. Secretary can grant waivers. Individual state applications available at : http://www.ed.gov/programs/statestabilization/resources.html
SFSF Phase Two • The Department will issue guidance on the proposed phase two application process. • A state will receive the remaining portion of its SFSF allocation after the Department approves the state's plan which details: • the “metrics” that a State would use to demonstrate that it is making progress relative to the education reform assurances • the State’s plan for providing data under the proposed “metrics” if the data are currently unavailable • the criteria by which a State’s plan will be evaluated. • Expert peer reviewers will review each State’s phase two plan and make recommendations to the Secretary. • The Department anticipates that the phase two funds will be awarded by September 30, 2009.
SFSF Uses and Timelines • The Governor may not retain any portion of the Education Stabilization Fund for State uses. • Funds can be used for any activity authorized by ESEA of 1965, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, the Adult and Family Literacy Act, and the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act, or for modernization, renovation, and repairs of public school facilities (including charter schools), which may include modernization, renovation, and repairs consistent with a recognized green building rating system. • The Department has ruled that new school construction is an allowable SFSF use. • A Governor must return any funds that are not awarded as subgrants or otherwise committed within two years of receipt of those funds. • LEAs and IHEs must obligate their funds by September 30, 2011.
State Incentive Grants – $4.35B "Race to the Top" Fund Distributed on a competitive basis to help states drive significant improvement in student achievement, including through making progress toward the four assurances. • Governor must apply, describing: • Progress on the assurances • Use of grant funding to meet state student achievement standards • Achievement/graduation rates by subgroups who have not met proficiency targets, and strategies to do so • Use of grant to improve student academic achievement, including priority to high-need LEAs • Plan for evaluating progress in closing achievement gaps • State use of funds: • 50+% for LEA subgrants by Title I formula • Assurance about maintenance of effort • 2010 grant awards will be made in two rounds - Late Fall 2009, Summer 2010
Innovation Fund – $650M "Invest in What Works and Innovation" Fund Awarded to school systems and nonprofits that have made significant gains in closing achievement gaps to serve as models for best practices. • Can be awarded to LEAs or partnerships between nonprofit and SEA, LEA or 1 or more schools with achievement gains • significantly closed achievement gaps between subgroups • exceed State achievement goals or increased for all subgroups • significant improvement in other areas, such as graduation rates • established partnerships with private/philanthropic sector, including guarantee of match funds to bring results to scale • Awardees may use the funds to: • Expand their work and serve as models for best practices • Partner with private sector and philanthropic community • Identify and document best practices that can be shared and taken to scale based on demonstrated success
K-12 Categorical Funds* Title I Grants to Local Education Agencies $10,000 Title I School Improvement Grants $3,000 Special Education (IDEA Part B) $11,700 Grants for Infants & Families (IDEA Part C) $500 Educational Technology (EETT) $650 Statewide Data Systems $250 Teacher Incentive Fund $200 Impact Aid Construction $100 Education for Homeless Children & Youths $70 Vocational Rehabilitation State Grants $540 Independent Living Services $140 *$ in millions
Available Now - $11.5 billion • IDEA, Parts B & C – 50% $ 6.1 B • Title I, Part A – 50% $ 5.0 B • Vocational Rehabilitation – 50% $270 M • Homeless Youth – 100% $ 70 M • Independent Living – $ 52.5M (100% of formula monies; $87.5 million in competitive grants to follow) • Impact Aid - $ 40 M (100% of formula monies; $60 million in competitive grants to follow)
Still To Come • Title I School Improvement - $3 billion (100%) • Enhancing Education Through Technology - $650 million (100%) • Statewide Data Systems - $250 million (100%) • Teacher Incentive Fund - $200 million (100%) • Teacher Quality Enhancement - $100 million (100%) • IDEA , Parts B & C - $6.1 billion in (50%) • Title I, Part A - $5 billion (50%) • Vocational Rehabilitation - $270 million (50%) • State Fiscal Stabilization Fund - $16.1 billion (33%)
Fall 2009 Funds Conditioned on the receipt of further information that will be outlined in future guidance • Title I School Improvement Grants ($3 billion) • Educational Technology State Grants ($650 million) Based on the quality of the applications submitted through a competitive grant process. Guidelines shortly. • Teacher Incentive Fund ($200 million) • Teacher Quality Enhancement ($100 million, Higher Ed) • Statewide Data Systems ($250 million)
Timelines: Title I and IDEA For Title I Part A ($10B), IDEA Part B ($11.7B) Delivered by formula from the Department to the states • 50% available on April 1, no application • 50% by September 30, 2009 • States will need to submit amendments to their Title I Consolidated Applications and FY2008 IDEA applications that address how they will meet the record-keeping and reporting requirements of the ARRA. • An LEA must obligate at least 85% of its total FY2009 Title I, Part A funds (including ARRA funds) by September 30, 2010. Any remaining FY2009 Title I, Part A funds will be available for obligation until September 30, 2011. • An LEA should obligate the majority of its IDEA recovery funds during school years 2008–2009 and 2009–2010 and the remainder during school year 2010–2011. All IDEA recovery funds must be obligated by September 30, 2011.
Higher Education/Other Funds* Higher Education Federal Pell Grants $17,100 Federal Work Study $200 Other Head Start/Early Head Start $2,100 Child Care & Development Block Grant $2,000 NSF Math & Science Partnerships $25 Distance Learning Telemedicine & Broadband Program $2,500 NTIA Broadband Technology Opportunities Program $4,700 Training & Employment Services (WIA) $3,950 Rural Community Facilities Program $1,160 Energy Block Grants $6,300 Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds $3.200 *$ in millions
Identify and train highly effective teachers for Title I Schoolwide PD – Intensive, year-long teacher training for all teachers and principals PD – Train all staff to use data to identify the specific help students need to succeed PD – Induction and mentoring programs Adopt a high-quality curriculum aligned with standards with embedded assessments and differentiated resources and train all teachers to use it effectively. Reading and math coaches School Improvement – States are encouraged to allocate 40% to middle and high schools New schoolwide programs for secondary students with online courseware as supplemental learning in science and math Reading and math coaches Extended learning programs Longitudinal data systems for continuous improvement Preschool – Resources to align district-wide Title I pre-K programs with state early learning standards and state K-3 content standards TitleI
State-of-the-art assistive technology and training PD – District-wide for special ed AND regular teachers on evidence-based school-wide strategies in : reading, math, writing, and science and positive behavioral supports Develop easy-to-use online Individualized Education Program (IEP) system for students with disabilities that is aligned with state academic standards 15% can be used for early intervention Capacity to collect and use data to improve teaching and learning Preschool – Increase placement options with public and private preschool programs Preschool – Products, services, and PD Community outreach coordinators to help find jobs for youths with disabilities IDEA
Use technology to help students improve achievement Establish research-based instructional methods Help students become technology literate by end of 8th grade Provide PD – 25%: how to use technology effectively to improve teaching and learning Hardware Software Purchase high-quality online courseware in core high school content areas. Technology to collect and manage school improvement data Technology to increase parent involvement Public/private partnerships Technology - EETT
To provide educational services to homeless children and youth Based on 2007-2008 figures States will allocate to LEAs on competitive basis Engage the community, social service, and health organizations to better serve students and their families Content products ELL Intervention CTE Access to technology Online content students can access through public libraries or community resources McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
Additional Sales Opportunities • Teacher Quality (Title IIA) – $200M • PD that meets the district’s priorities • Recruit and retain teachers (3.2% growth in sector) • Head Start – $2.1B • Early reading and math • Interactive technology • Manipulatives and experiential products • Child Care and Development Block Grant – $2B • Supplemental products
Bottom Line How do your products & services • Help to answer the Framing Questions • Drive results for students? • Increase capacity? • Accelerate reform? • Avoid the cliff and improve productivity? • Foster continuous improvement? • Address ARRA Priorities • Adopting rigorous college- and career-ready standards and high-quality assessments; • Establishing data systems and using data for improvement; • Increasing teacher effectiveness and equitable distribution of effective teachers; • Turning around the lowest-performing schools; and • Improving results for all students, including early learning, extended learning time, use of technology, preparation for college, and school modernization.
So What Does This Mean…for YOU? Jenny House, Ph.D. RedRock Reports
New Guidelines 4/24 “We must dramatically improve student achievement and close the achievement gap.ARRA identifies four core reforms that will help the nation meet that goal.” -USDOE Guidelines Document • Adopt rigorous college- and career-ready standards and high-quality assessments. • Establish data systems and using data for improvement. • Increase teacher effectiveness and equitable distribution of effective teachers;. • Turn around the lowest-performing schools.
School Reform Guidelines • Provide examples of potential uses of ARRA funds. • Encourage educators to look beyond saving jobs to improve student outcomes. • Spark ideas on how to use specific: • State Fiscal Stabilization Funds • Title I allocations • IDEA, part B allocations
How Do You Help? How does your product or service • drive results for students? • increase capacity? • accelerate reform? • avoid the cliff and improve productivity? • foster continuous improvement? When meeting with decision makers, you need to address these questions:
Examples for Your Communications Five categories that reflect the priorities of ARRA. • Adopting rigorous college- and career-ready standards and high-quality assessments; • Establishing data systems and using data for improvement; • Increasing teacher effectiveness and equitable distribution of effective teachers; • Turning around the lowest performing schools; and • Improving results for all students, including early learning, extended learning time, use of technology, preparation for college, and school modernization.