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THE ROLE OF RESERVE BANK OF MALAWI IN THE MALAWI TOBACCO INDUSTRY. Presentation made to the 2013 TCC Annual Seminar. Bartwell Chingoli, Exchange Control Department. OUTLINE. RBM as a regulator of the financial sector Financial intermediation Handling of Exports from, the use of FESDS
THE ROLE OF RESERVE BANK OF MALAWI IN THE MALAWI TOBACCO INDUSTRY Presentation made to the 2013 TCC Annual Seminar. Bartwell Chingoli, Exchange ControlDepartment
OUTLINE • RBM as a regulator of the financial sector • Financial intermediation • Handling of Exports from, the use of FESDS • Challenges and Limitations • QnA
THE REGULATOR OF FINANCIAL SECTOR Provision of directives and guidelines e.g domestic lending to ensure financial stability Consumer literacy Supervision of commercial banks and other financial institutions Processing of foreign exchange remittances on capital and financial accounts transactions
Financial intermediation Monetary policy operations to smoothen the foreign exchange and domestic money market Processing and recording Pre-financing deals Foreign borrowing is still a controlled item in Malawi. This is to ensure correct balance of payment statistics and enable proper planning for foreign obligation Procurement of major imports (fuel, fertilisers) which have strong impact on the tobacco industry
HANDLING OF EXPORTS FROM MALAWI All export consignments have to be declared in one way or another Through MRA Form 38 on all exports below US$5,000.00 Through RBM managed foreign exchange statistical database system (FESDS) for all other exports Exporters are required to repatriate to Malawi all export proceeds within 180 days from the date the consignment was discharged by MRA
REASONS FOR EXPORT DECLARATION Basis for collecting and compiling accurate export statistics necessary for BoP purpose. This is crucial in any international trade For assessing and determining industry worth. To get to a ratio of 15% as contribution to GDP, there must be an accurate assessment of the sector vis-à-vis the entire economy. Essential contribution to monetary policy formulation
WHY USE FESDS – Background and Rationale • The Foreign Exchange Statistical Database System (FESDS) is web based foreign exchange processing facility introduced in Malawi to mainly remove inefficiencies relating to manual processing of exports • Became operational on 28 October, 2008. • Designed to introduce efficiency in exports declaration and proceeds tracking. • Ensures export proceeds repatriation and credible foreign exchange statistics
FESDS MODULES AND USE • CD1 Forms Module- this is the part most important to exporters • Form E’s-for processing all other foreign exchange remittances by banks • FCDA Balances-This is a module being developed to cover movements in foreign currency denominated accounts and will also include all operations of foreign exchange bureaus
FESDS - Parties Involved • RBM • user and administrator • Providing technical and business help desk service • Ensuring that network traffic to and from FESDS is not affected by congestion or internal ICT policy • Acquitting CD1 Forms • Putting in place necessary legislation to ensure compliance of FESDS by economic players • Providing training to FESDS users
FESDS - Parties Involved (Cont’d) MRA users Clearing exports Ensuring that exports are not under-valued Timely discharging of exports in the FESDS as they leave Providing technical and business service desk to handle queries
FESDS - Parties Involved (Cont’d) Exporters/importers/clearing agents) Banks – users MALSWITCH – network provider
CD1 Form Reconciliation Process • Export proceeds must be received in Malawi within 180 days (6 months) of export • Banks receive proceeds, capture payment in FESDS, and advise RBM • RBM checks payment details and acquits CD1 Form
CHALLENGES/ LIMITATIONS • System connectivity problems • Over- and under-discharging of exports at MRA • Non-reconciliation of exports by exporters and banks • We are discussing with banks to ensure full application of the system • We have intensified training of FESDs users to enhance user acceptance
Service desk contacts MRA service desk: 01 822 588 Ext. 3268/3266 or 01 827 029 RBM service desk: 01 770 600 Ext. 4333/4344 MALSWITCH service desk: 01 820 760/ 01 822 444 Ext. 2064/2094/2021
Thank You! Since previous presenters have covered Foreign Exchange issues in detail, Are any More Questions?