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Leander Hughes. The Ecological Theory of Person Perception (See Ambady & Rosenthal, 1992; Fetchenhauer, Groothuis, & Pradel, 2010). Are. First Impressions. Everything?. (Image from Sergio Leone’s 1968 film, “Once upon a time in the west”). How accurate are first impressions?. 13.

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    1. LeanderHughes The Ecological Theory of Person Perception (See Ambady & Rosenthal, 1992; Fetchenhauer, Groothuis, & Pradel, 2010) Are First Impressions Everything? (Image from Sergio Leone’s 1968 film, “Once upon a time in the west”)

    2. How accurate are first impressions? 13 (Ambady & Rosenthal, 1993) http://www.ucr.edu/research/leaders/rosenthal_r.html

    3. How accurate are first impressions? 13 9

    4. 1. Competent 2. Enthusiastic 3. Active … … 10. Attentive 11. Accepting 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Scoring Impressions

    5. 1 2 3 4

    6. 1 2 3 4

    7. But what about the differences between two students’ impressions of the same teacher?

    8. The Pygmalion Effect(Rosenthal & Jacobson, 1968) Pygmalion Jean-Léon Gérôme (1824–1904)

    9. The Student-to-Teacher Pygmalion Effect Evidenced by Jamieson, Lydon, Stewart, & Zanna (1987) and Feldman & Prohaska,1979)

    10. 23 16 My Study Questions 1. Do junior high school students’ first impressions of their foreign English teacher predict other students’ final impressions of that teacher after three months of classes? 2. Do junior high students’ first impressions of their foreign English teacher predict their own final impressions of that teacher after three months of classes? 32 27

    11. Was there any statistically significant difference between one class’s first impressions and another class’s final impressions of the same teacher? p=.293 p=.257

    12. How many students’ first impressions were how close to the mean impression score of the other class who had the same teacher?

    13. Was there any statistically significant difference between students’ first impressions of their teacher and their own final impressions of that teacher?

    14. How many students’ first impressions were how close to their own final impressions?

    15. So…?

    16. Leander Hughes References (This PowerPoint Presentation:www.saitama-u.ac.jp/ceed/firstimpressions) Ambady, N., & Rosenthal, R. (1992). Thin slices of expressive behavior as predictors of interpersonal consequences: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 111(2), 256-274. Ambady, N., & Rosenthal, R. (1993). Half a minute: Predicting teacher evaluations from thin slices of nonverbal behavior and physical attractiveness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64(3), 431-441. Feldman, R. S., & Prohaska, T. (1979). The student as Pygmalion: Effect of student expectation on the teacher. Journal of Educational Psychology, 71, 485-493. Fetchenhauer, D., Groothuis, T., & Pradel, J. (2010). Not only states but traits — Humans can identify permanent altruistic dispositions in 20 s. Evolution and Human Behavior, 31, 80-86. Jamieson, D. W., Lydon, J. E., Stewart, G., & Zanna, M. P. (1987). Pygmalion revisited: New evidence for student expectancy effects in the classroom. Journal of Educational Psychology. 79), 461-466 Pease, A., & Pease, B. (2005). The definitive book of body language. London: Orion Rosenthal, R., & Jacobson, L. (1968). Pygmalion in the classroom. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. This PowerPoint Presentation:www.saitama-u.ac.jp/ceed/firstimpressions (See Ambady & Rosenthal, 1993; Pease & Pease, 2005) THANK YOU! THANK YOU! leanderhughes@gmail.com

    17. References (again) (This PowerPoint Presentation:www.saitama-u.ac.jp/ceed/firstimpressions) Ambady, N., & Rosenthal, R. (1992). Thin slices of expressive behavior as predictors of interpersonal consequences: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 111(2), 256-274. Ambady, N., & Rosenthal, R. (1993). Half a minute: Predicting teacher evaluations from thin slices of nonverbal behavior and physical attractiveness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64(3), 431-441. Feldman, R. S., & Prohaska, T. (1979). The student as Pygmalion: Effect of student expectation on the teacher. Journal of Educational Psychology, 71, 485-493. Fetchenhauer, D., Groothuis, T., & Pradel, J. (2010). Not only states but traits — Humans can identify permanent altruistic dispositions in 20 s. Evolution and Human Behavior, 31, 80-86. Jamieson, D. W., Lydon, J. E., Stewart, G., & Zanna, M. P. (1987). Pygmalion revisited: New evidence for student expectancy effects in the classroom. Journal of Educational Psychology. 79 (4), 461-466 Pease, A., & Pease, B. (2005). The definitive book of body language. London: Orion Rosenthal, R., & Jacobson, L. (1968). Pygmalion in the classroom. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.