Improving the Livelihoods of Poor Livestock-keepers through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resources in Africa
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Workneh Ayalew 1, Adam G. Drucker1, Clemens B. A. Wollny2, Olorounto D. Koudande3, Faustin Vidogbena3, Hippolyte Dossa2,3, Lemma Gizachew4, Ulfina Galmessa4, Girma Tesfahun2, Brigitte Kaufmann5 and Guyo Haro6, Harun Warui5
1International Livestock Research Institute, P O Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
2Georg-August-University Göttingen, Germany;
3Institut National des Recherches Agricoles du Benin, Cotonou, Benin;
4Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Adama, Ethiopia;
5University of Hohenheim, Germany; 6Indigenous Vegetation Project (GEF/GTZ), Marsabit, Kenya  Corresponding author ([email protected]).
Existing livestock biodiversity, in the form of numerous indigenous breeds, is the outcome of rural communities managing livestock in many different habitats to meet their breeding goals, production system requirements and environmental constraints. The loss of genetic diversity reduces opportunities to improve food security. Despite an accelerating rate of livestock diversity extinction, little has been done in terms of systematic genetic improvement and conservation. Community-based management (CBM) of existing animal genetic diversity in developing countries can support the improvement of the livelihoods of poor livestock keepers while also ensuring the conservation of the genetic resources. ILRI, in collaboration with partner national research institutions in Benin, Ethiopia and Kenya as well as the Universities of Goettingen and Hohenheim in Germany, has been implementing this 3-year research project since September 2004 to overcome past failures in the genetic improvement of animal genetic resources (AnGR) by developing a framework to fully engage communities in the management of these resources using in-situ approaches to conservation and sustainable use of farm animal biodiversity, consistent with the Convention on Biological Diversity.
The empowerment of these local communities, through an improvement of their analytical, technical, managerial and organisational skills to sustainably manage their animal genetic resources.
1. Identification of project site, communities, priority species and breeds through PRA surveys
2. Community-based action research leading to the development and establishment of community-based management (CBM) framework
3. Enhance controlled mating of the experimental herds and flocks
4. Analysis of the economic, market and policy factors influencing the conservation and sustainable use of AnGR.
5. Capacity building and dissemination at various levels, and
6. Monitoring and assessment of progress
The CBM framework offers promise and needs to be fairly and critically assessed. The lessons learned under these diverse production environments will ensure its broad applicability in these and similar developing countries.