Breeds of Goats Agriscience 102
Objectives • Identify the different breeds of goats, origin, color patterns and characteristics that make up the breeds • Identify the differences between dairy, wool, and meat breeds • List the advantages and disadvantages of each breed in commercial production
Classifications • Dairy Breeds • Wool Breeds • Meat Breeds
Alpine • Originated in France • Medium to large rangy, yet deerlike. • Only breed to offer all colors and combinations (upright ears). • Straight face with a roman nose. • Some are polled
La Mancha • Originated in the U.S. • Look as if they have no ears. • Straight face, short, fine and glossy hair. • They may be any color. • Excellent dairy character and can withstand a great deal of hardships and still produce milk. • Higher milk fat than the Swiss breeds.
Nubian • Originated in England. • Most popular breed of in the United States and Canada. • Large, proud breed. • Suited well for warm climates. • Long floppy ears, with a roman nose. • Like the Jersey cow, the Nubian produces the least volume of milk, but the most butter fat.
Oberhasli • Swiss breed. • Medium size, Chamois color (Bay – ranging from light to deep red bay). • Look for black markings. • Straight face.
Saanen • Originated in Switzerland. • “Queen of the Dairy Goats.” • Totally white or cream, white preferred. • Medium to large size with rugged bone and plenty of vigor. • Ears are upright, pointing forward, with a straight or dished face. • Leads in milk production volume and least amount of butterfat.
Toggenburg • Originated in Switzerland. • Credited as being the oldest known dairy goat breed. • Solid brown (light fawn to dark chocolate brown) with distinct white facial stripes from above the eye to the muzzle, white ears with dark spot in the middle and white legs from hocks to hooves. • Noted for excellent udder development and high milk production.
Angora • Originated in the district of Angora in Asia Minor (Turkey). Mention of the use of their fiber was made during the time of Moses. • The long upper coat (“mohair” is only breed specific wool, produced by the Angora goats) is the valuable product in the Angora . • Straight or concave nose, thin; pendulous ears and twisted horns. • Not as prolific as other goats, twins are not usual. • Mature animals can not withstand cold wet rains immediately after shearing.
Cashmere Fiber • The fiber is measured by millicrons to determine if it is fine enough to be called Cashmere. • Produced by 68 different breeds of goats around the world, principally produced by the Kashmiri goat. • Largest population of these goats is in China, Afghanistan, Iran, and the previous U.S.S.R. • No domestic processing plant in the U.S. All cashmere and angora fiber is sent to the British Isles for processing, then returned to the U.S.
Boer • Originated in Africa • Horned breed with drooping ears, and a variety of color patterns. • Roman nose • Most often seen with a white body and red or rust colored head and/or neck and shoulders. • Extended breed season making possible 3 kiddings every 2 years.
Spanish • Although not of a specific breed ancestry they have developed through natural selection. The term has also become used to describe any goat of unknown ancestry. • Most are wild or at least semi-wild. • Size varies greatly due to climate, terrain and available breeding stock. • Body shape, ear shape, horns, hair and color are not consistent.